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Cnemaspis minang ISKANDAR, MCGUIRE & AMARASINGHE, 2017

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common Names 
SynonymCnemaspis minang ISKANDAR, MCGUIRE & AMARASINGHE 2017 
DistributionIndonesia (West Sumatra)

Type locality: along the Solok Valley, near Gua Baba, Indarung, Padang, West Sumatra, Indonesia (0.9°S, 100.4°E)  
Reproductionoviparous (manual imputation, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: MZB 13002, Male, SVL 31.3 mm, collected on 18 July 2007 by D. Gusman. Paratype: Male, MZB 13003, SVL 30.4 mm, bears the same data as the holotype. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Cnemaspis minang sp. nov. differs from all other Southeast Asian diminutive Cnemaspis in having the unique combination of a maximum SVL of 31.3 mm; each postmental bounded by 3 or 4 scales; dorsal scales keeled; four spine-like tubercles on flank; gular scales keeled; pectoral scales and abdominal scales smooth; ventral scales of thigh smooth; four precloacal pores; four femoral pores on each side; subcaudals smooth, scales on median row enlarged and smooth; eight supralabials; 18 lamellae under fourth toe.
Cnemaspis minang sp. nov. is most similar to C. tapanuli sp. nov., but it can be distinguished from this species (characters in parentheses) by having eight supralabials (six) and no vertebral stripe (present). 
CommentHabitat: primary rain forests of West Sumatra, where it has been found in crevices on tree trunks along the banks of the Tarusan River.

Abundance: only known from its original description (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyThe specific epithet refers to the area that Minangkabau people inhabit (the highlands of West Sumatra) and is formed here as an invariable noun in apposition. Minang is an abbreviation commonly used for this indigenous group as well. The name ‘‘Minangkabau’’ is derived from ‘‘Minang’’ (victorious) and ‘‘kabau’’ (buffalo) in reference to the legend that the people shrewdly won the rights to their land from a powerful neighboring prince by way of a buffalo fight. Traditional houses in the Minagkabau region have their roofs in the shape of buffalo horns. 
  • Iskandar, Djoko T.; Jimmy A. McGuire, and A. A. Thasun Amarasinghe 2017. Description of Five New Day Geckos of Cnemaspis kandiana Group (Sauria: Gekkonidae) from Sumatra and Mentawai Archipelago, Indonesia. Journal of Herpetology 51 (1): 142-153 - get paper here
  • LEE, JUSTIN L.; ARYEH H. MILLER, GEORGE R. ZUG, DANIEL G. MULCAHY 2019. The discovery of Rock Geckos Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) in the Tanintharyi Region, Myanmar with the description of two new species. Zootaxa 4661 (1): 040–064 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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