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Cnemaspis mysoriensis (JERDON, 1853)

IUCN Red List - Cnemaspis mysoriensis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Mysore Day Gecko 
SynonymGymnodactylus mysoriensis JERDON 1853
Gymnodactylus mysorensis — FERGUSON 1877: 12
Gonatodes mysoriensis — BOULENGER 1885: 68
Cnemaspis mysoriensis — SMITH 1935: 72
Cnemaspis mysoriensis — TAYLOR 1963: 738
Cnemaspis mysoriensis — CHAN-ARD et al. 1999: 23
Cnemaspis mysoriensis — GIRI et al. 2010 
DistributionIndia (Tamil Nadu, Karnataka)

Introduced to Fergusson College campus, Pune, Maharashtra (Khandekar et al. 2020).

Type locality: “Bangalore, Karnataka, India”  
Reproductionoviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesNeotype: BNHS = BNHM 1830, male 
DiagnosisDefinition (clade). The C. mysoriensis clade can be diagnosed from all other Indian Cnemaspis based on the combination of following characters: small-sized Cnemaspis, snout-vent length up to 29–32 mm. Dorsal pholidosis heterogeneous, weakly keeled, granular scales intermixed with regularly arranged or scattered, enlarged, strongly keeled, conical or spinose tubercles; enlarged tubercles in paravertebral region either absent or irregularly arranged; spine-like tu- bercles present on flank (except for C. avasabinae which lacks spine-like tubercles on flank). Ventral scales on belly smooth, imbricate, 17–25 scales across the belly; 90–114 longitudinal scales between mental to anterior border of cloaca; subdigital scansors smooth, entire, unnotched; lamellae under digit IV of manus 11–17; lamellae under digit IV of pes 15–22. Males with 1–3 femoral pores on each thigh separated by 6–10 poreless scales on either side from a continuous series of 2–5 precloacal pores (except for C. avasabinae which lacks femoral pores and has only con- tinuous series of precloacal pores). Caudal tubercles enlarged, strongly keeled, distinctly pointed, forming whorls; median row of sub-caudals smooth, slightly enlarged. Single central black ocellus on nape present or absent; head, neck, chin and throat upto axilla yellowish in breeding males; a distinct mid-dorsal streak running from occiput to groin and sometimes continuing onto tail, overall colouration brownish with darker more or less defined cross bars (Figure 7). The Cnemaspis mysoriensis clade contains five described species (C. avasabinae, C. mysoriensis, C. otai, C. rishivalleyensis, C. yercaudensis) and Cnemaspis stellapulvis sp. nov. (Khandekar et al. 2020). 
CommentDistribution: not in Sri Lanka, fide SOMAWEERA & SOMAWEERA 2009. 
  • Aengals, R.; V.M. Sathish Kumar & Muhamed Jafer Palot 2013. Updated Checklist of Indian Reptiles. Privately published, 24 pp.
  • Amarasinghe, A. A. T., A. M. Bauer, I. Ineich, J. Rudge, M. M. Bahir & D. E. Gabadage 2009. The original descriptions and figures of Sri Lankan gekkonid lizards (Squamata: Gekkonidae) of the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries. Taprobanica 1 (2): 83-106 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Chan-ard,T.; Grossmann,W.; Gumprecht,A. & Schulz,K. D. 1999. Amphibians and reptiles of peninsular Malaysia and Thailand - an illustrated checklist [bilingual English and German]. Bushmaster Publications, Würselen, Gemany, 240 pp. [book review in Russ. J Herp. 7: 87] - get paper here
  • Ferguson, W. 1877. Reptile fauna of Ceylon. Letter on a collection sent to the Colombo Museum. Herbert, Ceylon
  • Ganesh, S. R.; M. Arumugam 2016. Species Richness of Montane Herpetofauna of Southern Eastern Ghats, India: A Historical Resume and a Descriptive Checklist. Russ. J. Herpetol. 23 (1): 7-24 - get paper here
  • Ganesh, S.R.; A. Kalaimani, P. Karthik, N. Baskaran, R. Nagarajan & S.R.Chandramouli 2018. Herpetofauna of Southern Eastern Ghats, India – II From Western Ghats to Coromandel Coast. Asian Journal of Conservation Biology, July 2018. Vol. 7 No. 1, pp. 28-45 - get paper here
  • Giri, Varad B.; Ishan Agarwal, and Aaron M. Bauer 2010. Designation of a Neotype for Cnemaspis mysoriensis (Jerdon 1853) (Sauria: Gekkonidae), with a Redescription and Notes on Its Distribution and Habitat. Russ. J. Herpetol. 16 (4): 256-264 [2009] - get paper here
  • Jerdon, T.C. 1853. Catalogue of the Reptiles inhabiting the Peninsula of India. Part 1. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal xxii [1854]: 462-479 (1853 fide Bauer et al. 2008) - get paper here
  • KHANDEKAR, AKSHAY 2019. A new species of rock-dwelling Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Tamil Nadu, southern India. Zootaxa 4571 (3): 383–397 - get paper here
  • KHANDEKAR, AKSHAY; TEJAS THACKERAY, ISHAN AGARWAL 2020. A new cryptic Cnemaspis Strauch (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from an isolated granite hill on the Mysore Plateau, Karnataka, India. Zootaxa 4845 (4): 509–528 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Taylor, E.H. 1963. The lizards of Thailand. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 44: 687-1077. - get paper here
  • Venugopal, P.D. 2010. An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (3): 725-738. - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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