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Cnemaspis nicobaricus CHANDRAMOULI, 2020

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common Names 
SynonymCnemaspis nicobaricus CHANDRAMOULI 2020
Cnemaspis kandiana – BISWAS & SANYAL 1977 (non KELAAART 1852)
Cnemaspis kandiana – BISWAS & SANYAL 1980 (non KELAAART 1852)
Cnemaspis kandiana – DAS 1999 (non KELAAART 1852) 
DistributionIndia (Great Nicobar Island)

Type locality: Campbell Bay (7.019N, 93.923E, 12 m elevation), Great Nicobar Island  
TypesHolotype: ZSI/ANRC/T/10928, collected from human habitation on 20 July 2017.
Paratopotypes: DOSMB05106 and DOSMB05107, adult females collected from human habitation from the same locality on 18 and 22 July 2017. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A species of Cnemaspis restricted to Great and Little Nicobar Islands in the Nicobar archipelago, characterized by: small body size (27.64 – 31.08 mm SVL); presence of four enlarged conical tubercles on the flanks; 2 post-mentals separated from each other by a single scale; presence of 2-3 internasals; presence of 6-7 supralabials; 8 infralabials; 16-18 subdigital lamellae under toe IV; smooth pectoral, abdominal and femoral scales; presence of 3 femoral pores on each thigh; absence of precloacal pores and irregularly shaped, small sized subcaudal scales (Chandramouli 2020). 
CommentDistribution: see map in Chandramouli 2020: 10 (Fig. 7). 
EtymologyThe specific epithet nicobaricus is a toponym referring to the geographic distribution of the new species. 
  • Biswas, S., & Sanyal, D.P. 1980. A report on the Reptilia fauna of Andaman and Nicobars Islands in the collection of Zoological Survey of India. Records Zool. Survey India 77: 255-292. - get paper here
  • Biswas,S. & SANYAL,D.P. 1977. Notes on the Reptilia collection from the Great Nicobar during the Great Nicobar Expedition in 1966. Records Zool. Survey India 72: 107-12 - get paper here
  • Chandramouli, S.R. 2020. A new species of dwarf gecko of the genus Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 (Reptilia: Sauria: Gekkonidae) from the Nicobar archipelago with an expanded description of Cnemaspis andersonii (Annandale 1905) of the Andaman Islands. Asian Journal of Conservation Biology, July 2020. Vol. 9 No. 1, pp. 3-10 - get paper here
  • Das, I. 1999. Biogeography of the amphibians and reptiles of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India. In: Ota,H. (ed) Tropical Island herpetofauna..., Elsevier, pp. 43-77
  • Mohan, Ashwini Venkatanarayana 2020. An update to species distribution records of geckos (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae) on the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal. Herpetology Notes 13: 631-637 - get paper here
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