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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesSinhala: Rajakarunage diva huna,
Tamil: Rajakaruna pahalpalli
English: Rajakaruna’s day gecko 
DistributionSri Lanka (Sabaragamuwa)

Type locality: Salgala, Kegalle, Sabaragamuwa Province, Sri Lanka, (07°07'23.52"N, 080°15'01.44"E, elevation 310 m  
Reproductionoviparous (manual imputation, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: NMSL 2016.07.01 NH, Adult male, 38.1 mm SVL (Figure 2), 24 December 2012, collected by Dulan Ranga Vidanapathirana, Gayan Priyankara Rathnayake, and L. J. Mendis Wickramasinghe. Paratype. DWC 2016.05.01, adult female, 40.1 mm SVL (Figure 3), DWC 2016.05.02, adult male, 36.2 mm SVL (Figure 4), the same data as holotype. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Cnemaspis rajakarunai sp. nov., was compared with all 22 extant species of the genus Cnemaspis known from Sri Lanka and the species can be readily distinguished from all known congeners by the following combination of characters: adult snout–vent length 36–40 mm (Table 1); precloacal pores absent, large femoero- precloacal scales 22; femoral pores 7–8, enlarged femoral scales 6; ventral scales 146–186; supralabials (to midorbital position) 7; supralabials (to angle of jaws) 9 (Table 2); total lamellae on finger IV 19–22 (4–5: 14–17), shape of the basal lamellae on toe IV elliptical (Table 3); and colouration prominent crown shaped off white markings on mid body from neck to tail base, pointing towards head. 
EtymologyThe species is named in honor of Henry Rajakaruna, one of the grandmasters in Sri Lankan photography, in recognition of his services to promote Fine Art Photography, in Sri Lanka for over half a century. The species epithet rajakarunai is a noun in the genitive case. 
  • Karunarathna S, Ukuwela KDB. 2019. A new species of dwarf day gecko (Reptilia: Gekkonidae: Cnemaspis) from lower-elevations of Samanala Nature Reserve in Central massif, Sri Lanka. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13(2) [General Section]: 14–27 (e187) - get paper here
  • KARUNARATHNA, SURANJAN; AARON M. BAUER, ANSLEM DE SILVA, THILINA SURASINGHE, LANKANI SOMARATNA, MAJINTHA MADAWALA, DINESH GABADAGE, MADHAVA BOTEJUE, SUJAN HENKANATHTHEGEDARA, KANISHKA D.B. UKUWELA 2019. Description of a new species of the genus Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae) from the Nilgala Savannah forest, Uva Province of Sri Lanka. Zootaxa 4545 (3): 389–407 - get paper here
  • Karunarathna, Suranjan; Nikolay A. Poyarkov, Anslem de Silva, Majintha Madawala, Madhava Botejue, Vladislav A. Gorin, Thilina Surasinghe, Dinesh Gabadage, Kanishka D.B. Ukuwela & Aaron M. Bauer 2019. Integrative taxonomy reveals six new species of day geckos of the genus Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae) from geographically-isolated hill forests in Sri Lanka. Vertebrate Zoology 69 (3): 247–298 - get paper here
  • WICKRAMASINGHE, L. J. MENDIS; DULAN RANGA VIDANAPATHIRANA, R. M. GAYAN PRIYANKARA RATHNAYAKE 2016. Cnemaspis rajakarunai sp. nov., a rock dwelling day-gecko (Sauria: Gekkonidae: Cnemaspis) from Salgala, an unprotected lowland rainforest in Sri Lanka. Zootaxa 4168 (1): 092–108 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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