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Cnemaspis samanalensis MENDIS WICKRAMASINGHE & MUNINDRADASA, 2007

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesSinhala: Samanala kandu diva huna
Tamil: Sivanolipathamalai pahal palli
E: Samanala day gecko 
SynonymCnemaspis samanalensis MENDIS WICKRAMASINGHE & MUNINDRADASA 2007
Cnemaspis samanalensis — MANAMENDRA-ARACHCHI et al. 2007 
DistributionSri Lanka

Type locality: Samanala upper region, Ratnapura, Sri Lanka, (N 06° 45’ 47.1” E 080° 29’ 30.1”, elevation 1430m). Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: NMSL 20061501, Adult male, 36.91 mm SVL, 11.02.2005, collected by L . J. Mendis Wickramasinghe, Mahesh Chathuranga, D A I Munindradasa. 
CommentDiagnosis. A medium-sized Cnemaspis (snout to vent length 32–37 mm in an adult males), which can be distinguished from all known congeners by the following combination of characters: postmentals separated by a small scale; nostrils are not in contact with first supralabial; 6–7 supra labials to angle of mid-orbit position and end of jaw at nine supra labials; 32 interorbitals; 3–4 prominent conical tubercles behind ear; throat scales keels; dorsal tubercles 62–64; dorsal tubercles small, rounded, pentagonal or hexagonal; intermixed with small groups of large tubercles (4–6 in a cluster) at the mid region of the body; lower part of flank with spine- like tubercles; upper part of flank with subconical-trihedral scales; gular scales keels; midventrals 32; ventral keels and imbricate; mid subcaudals small; 3–4 preanal pores; 3–4 femoral pores on each side; 11–12 subdig- ital lamellae and 4–5 basal lamellae in the 4th finger; 12–13 subdigital lamellae and 7 basal lamellae in the 4th toe.
C. samanalensis sp. nov. is congener with C. tropidogaster from morphological characters. However, C. samanalensis can easily be distinguished from C. tropidogaster by the SVL, presence of prominent conical tubercles (3–4) behind ear, presence of groups of large tubercles in clusters (4–6 in a cluster) in
dorsal body, presence of well prominent spine-like tubercles on flank, the intraorbital, dorsal tubercle and ventral counts, and also from morphometric analysis. 
EtymologyThe species epithet samanalensis is derived from the Latin for “Samanala region” referring to the forest where the species nov. is discovered. 
References
  • Barts, M. 2007. Sechs neue Taggeckos aus der Gattung Cnemaspis. Draco 7 (30): 93-96 - get paper here
  • Manamendra-Arachchi, Kelum; Batuwita, Sudesh & Pethiyagoda, Rohan 2007. A taxonomic revision of the Sri Lankan day-geckos (Reptilia: Gekkonidae: Cnemaspis), with description of new species from Sri Lanka and southern India. Zeylanica 7 (1): 9-122
  • Somaweera, R. & Somaweera, N. 2009. Lizards of Sri Lanka: a colour guide with field keys. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 304 pp.
  • VIDANAPATHIRANA, DULAN RANGA; M. D. GEHAN RAJEEV, NETHU WICKRAMASINGHE, SAMANTHA SURANJAN FERNANDO & L. J. MENDIS WICKRAMASINGHE & L. J. MENDIS WICKRAMASINGHE 2014. Cnemaspis rammalensis sp. nov., Sri Lanka’s largest day-gecko (Sauria: Gekkonidae: Cnemaspis) from Rammalakanda Man and Biosphere Reserve in southern Sri Lanka. Zootaxa 3755 (3): 273–286
  • Wickramasinghe, L.J. MENDIS; & D. A. I. MUNINDRADASA 2007. Review of the genus Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 (Sauria: Gekkonidae) in Sri Lanka with the description of five new species. Zootaxa 1490: 1-63 - get paper here
 
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