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Cnemaspis tarutaoensis AMPAI, RUJIRAWAN, WOOD, STUART & AOWPHOL, 2019

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Tarutao Rock Gecko
Thai: Jing Jok Niew Yaow Ko Tarutao 
SynonymCnemaspis tarutaoensis AMPAI, RUJIRAWAN, WOOD, STUART & AOWPHOL 2019
Cnemaspis tarutaoensis — COTA et al. 2022 
DistributionThailand (Satun)

Type locality: Thailand, Satun Province, Mueang Satun District, Tarutao National Park, Tarutao Island, Pha Toe Boo (6°42.1854'N, 99°38.8956'E; 2 m a.s.l.; Fig. 7A in Ampai et al. 2019).  
Reproductionoviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: ZMKU R 00763, adult male, collected on 5 November 2017 by Natee Ampai, Attapol Rujirawan, Siriporn Yodthong, and Korkwan Termprayoon.
Paratypes: Twelve paratypes (adult males = 6, adult females = 6). ZMKU R 00761–00762, ZMKU R 00764 (3 adult males), THNHM 28201–28202, ZMKU R 00758–00760 (5 adult females), bear the same collection data as holotype. THNHM 28203 (1 adult male), same data as holotype except collected 5 April 2018. ZMKU R 00765 (1 adult male), same data as holotype except collected at Tham Chorakhae (6°41.7966'N, 99°39.0426'E; 37 m a.s.l.), collected 7 November 2017. ZMKU R 00766 (1 adult female) and THNHM 28205 (1 adult male), same data as holotype except collected at karst forest near stream (6°39.759'N, 99°39.1596'E; 53 m a.s.l.), collected 5 April 2018. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Cnemaspis tarutaoensis sp. nov. can be distinguished from all other Cnemaspis by having the following combination of characters: (1) adult males with maximum snout-vent length (SVL) 36.4 mm (mean 34.7 ± SD 1.5, n = 7) and females with maximum SVL 34.8 mm (mean 33.7 ± SD 0.6, n = 6); (2) 8–9 supralabials and 8 infralabials; (3) 4–5 pore-bearing precloacal scales, pores rounded; (4) 17–19 paravertebral tubercles, small in size, randomly arranged; (5) 27–29 subdigital lamellae under the 4th toe; (6) subcaudal region yellowish, scales smooth with a single enlarged median subcaudal row; (7) one postcloacal tubercles on each side; (8) no sexual dimorphism in dorsal and ventral patterns; and (9) black gular markings present in males and females. These differences are summarized for geographically close congeners in the kumpoli group (Table 4 in Ampai et a. 2019). 
EtymologyThe specific epithet refers to the type locality of the new species. 
  • Ampai N, Rujirawan A, Wood Jr PL, Stuart BL, Aowphol A 2019. Morphological and molecular analyses reveal two new insular species of Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 (Squamata, Gekkonidae) from Satun Province, southern Thailand. ZooKeys 858: 127-161 - get paper here
  • Ampai N, Wood Jr PL, Stuart BL, Aowphol A 2020. Integrative taxonomy of the rock-dwelling gecko Cnemaspis siamensis complex (Squamata, Gekkonidae) reveals a new species from Nakhon Si Thammarat Province, southern Thailand. ZooKeys 932: 129-159 - get paper here
  • Cota, M., Makchai, S., & Pongcharoen, C. 2022. Updated Catalogue of the Amphibian and Reptile Type Specimens of the Natural History Museum, National Science Museum, Thailand. Thai Specimens 21: 311––5407
  • QUAH, EVAN S. H.; PERRY L. JR. WOOD, M.S. SHAHRUL ANUAR, MOHD ABDUL MUIN 2020. A new species of Cnemaspis Strauch 1887 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from the Langkawi Archipelago, Kedah, Peninsular Malaysia with an updated checklist of the herpetofauna of Tuba Island. Zootaxa 4767 (1): 138–160 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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