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Cnemaspis upendrai MANAMENDRA-ARACHCHI, BATUWITA & PETHIYAGODA, 2007

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymCnemaspis upendrai MANAMENDRA-ARACHCHI, BATUWITA & PETHIYAGODA 2007 
DistributionSri Lanka

Type locality: Pussellawa, Kandy District, Central Province of Sri Lanka, 07º05’N, 80º30’E, 900 m elevation. Map legend:
Type locality - Type locality.
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: WHT 7189 (male), 31.5 mm SVL, coll. S. Batuwita & K. Wewelwala, 27 November, 2002. 
CommentDiagnosis: Cnemaspis upendrai differs from its peninsular Indian and Sri Lankan congeners by a combination of the following characters. Maximum SVL 35.2 mm; paired postmentals separated by a medial scale; each postmental bounded by 4 scales including medial scale; ventrals, 112–128; ventral scales across midbody, 16–25; dorsal scales heterogeneous; a row of 15 irregular, spine-like tubercles present on flank; ventrals smooth; 2 or 3 preanal pores, 4 or 5 femoral pores on each side; subcaudals keeled, median row enlarged, irregular; supralabials to angle of jaws, 7 or 8; subdigital lamellae on digit IV of pes, 17–21; (in life) dorsum light-brown, with about eight median black markings extending from neck and on to tail; much larger, irregular, dark-brown blotches on sides; occipital region with two black chevrons, a light yellow marking between them, followed by a black spot on neck; a narrow interorbital band present; tail rusty brown; venter white. Some individuals uniform yellowish brown, without prominent dorsal markings [from 
EtymologyThe species name is a patronym Latinized in the genitive singular honouring the Sri Lankan prehistorian Dr Siran Upendra Deraniyagala. 
References
  • Manamendra-Arachchi, Kelum; Batuwita, Sudesh & Pethiyagoda, Rohan 2007. A taxonomic revision of the Sri Lankan day-geckos (Reptilia: Gekkonidae: Cnemaspis), with description of new species from Sri Lanka and southern India. Zeylanica 7 (1): 9-122
  • Somaweera, R. & Somaweera, N. 2009. Lizards of Sri Lanka: a colour guide with field keys. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 304 pp.
  • VIDANAPATHIRANA, DULAN RANGA; M. D. GEHAN RAJEEV, NETHU WICKRAMASINGHE, SAMANTHA SURANJAN FERNANDO & L. J. MENDIS WICKRAMASINGHE & L. J. MENDIS WICKRAMASINGHE 2014. Cnemaspis rammalensis sp. nov., Sri Lanka’s largest day-gecko (Sauria: Gekkonidae: Cnemaspis) from Rammalakanda Man and Biosphere Reserve in southern Sri Lanka. Zootaxa 3755 (3): 273–286
 
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