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Cnemaspis uttaraghati KHANDEKAR, THACKERAY, & AGARWAL, 2021

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common Names 
SynonymCnemaspis uttaraghati KHANDEKAR, THACKERAY, & AGARWAL 2021 
DistributionIndia (Maharashtra)

Type locality: Kedareshwar caves on Harishchandragad mountain in Kalsubai-Harishchandragad Wildlife Sanctuary, (19.392° N, 73.779° E; ca. 1200 m asl), Ahmednagar district, Maharashtra state, India.  
TypesHolotype: NRC-AA-1122 (AK 1233), adult male.
Paratypes: BNHS 2799 (AK 1234), adult male; NRC-AA-1123 (AK 1235), BNHS 2800 (AK 1236), adult females. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A small-sized Cnemaspis, snout to vent length less than 39 mm (n=4). Dorsal pholidosis heterogeneous; weakly keeled, granular scales intermixed with large, weakly keeled, regularly arranged tubercles, enlarged tubercles gradually increasing in size towards flank, lowest row largest, spine-like; eight or nine rows of dorsal tubercles at mid-body, 7–10 paravertebral tubercles between forelimb and hindlimb insertions; ventral scales smooth, sub-imbricate, sub-equal from chest to vent, 27–32 scales across belly at mid-body, 124–132 longitudinal scales from mental to cloaca; subdigital scansors smooth, mostly entire, unnotched; 10–12 lamellae under digit I of manus and 10 or 11 lamellae under digit I of pes, 17 or 18 lamellae under digit IV of manus and 19–22 lamellae under digit IV of pes; males with four femoral pores on each thigh separated medially by 22–24 poreless scales (n=2); dorsal pholidosis of tail with strongly keeled, granular scales, similar in size and shape to granular scales on mid-body dorsum, gradually becoming larger, flattened, imbricate posteriorly, intermixed with enlarged, strongly keeled, distinctly pointed, conical tubercles forming whorls, six tubercles in first eight whorls; median row of subcauda ls smooth, slightly enlarged, regularly arranged with condition of two slightly larger scales alternating with a large divided scale. Dorsal colouration greenish-brown with six dark vertebral blotches running from the occiput to the sacrum, speckled with fine saffron granules, limbs with light yellow bands (KHANDEKAR et al. 2021). 
CommentSimilar species: girii clade, See comparison. 
EtymologyThe specific epithet is used as a noun in apposition and is derived from the Sanskrit ‘uttara’ for north and ‘ghat’ for mountains, as this mountain locality represents the currently known northern limit of Cnemaspis distribution in the Western Ghats. 
  • KHANDEKAR, AKSHAY; TEJAS THACKERAY, ISHAN AGARWAL 2021. A novel small-bodied rupicolous Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from the northern Western Ghats, Maharashtra, India, with comments on the status of C. indraneildasii, Bauer 2000. Zootaxa 4969: 331–350 - get paper here
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