Cnemidophorus flavissimus UGUETO, HARVEY & RIVAS, 2010
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|Higher Taxa||Teiidae, Teiinae, Gymnophthalmoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)|
|Common Names||E: Los Frailes Whiptail|
|Synonym||Cnemidophorus flavissimus UGUETO, HARVEY & RIVAS 2010|
Cnemidophorus lemniscatus lemniscatus — HUMMELINCK 1940: 83
Cnemidophorus lemniscatus lemniscatus — MARCUZZI 1950: 247
Cnemidophorus lemniscatus lemniscatus — ROZE 1964: 99
Cnemidophorus flavissimus — HARVEY et al. 2012
|Distribution||Venezuela (Archipiélago Los Frailes: La Pecha and Isla Real)|
Type locality: Archipiélago Los Frailes (11° 12’ 30’’ N, 63° 45’ 0’’ W), Dependencias Federales, Venezuela, elevation 0–20 m.
|Reproduction||oviparous (manual imputation, fide Zimin et al. 2022)|
|Types||Holotype: MBUCV 983 (Fig. 4), adult male, collected in December 1948 by Luis Duque|
|Diagnosis||Diagnosis. A species of the Cnemidophorus lemniscatus species complex distinguished from all congeners by the following combination of characters: (1) maximum SVL in males 74 mm; (2) nostril slightly anterior to nasal suture; (3) frontonasal hexagonal or subrhomboidal with angular or semicircular sutures with nasals; (4) first supraciliary in contact with prefrontal; (5) 5–11 (total of both sides) scales of circumorbital semicircles extending to anterior fourth or rarely to posterior third supraoculars; (6) 26–33 (total of both sides) scales in a single row between supraoculars and supraciliaries; (7) 10–13 enlarged mesoptychials; (8) 29–32 ventrals; (9) bisexual (gonochoristic; both sexes exist); (10) enlarged scales on upper arm extending almost to shoulder; (11) males with one anal spur at each side (narrow and moderately elongated, extending close to body); (12) one or two large scales between anal spurs and preanal shield; (13) vertebral stripe single and 8–11 scales between paravertebral stripes; (14) adult males in preservative with 0–3 pale spots on flanks between axilla and inguinal region; (15) females without flank spots or distinct stripes; (16) adult males in life with pale brown-gray head and arms and yellow body; (17) juveniles with eight or nine light stripes, often broken into shorter stripes or elongated spots.|
|Comment||Group: member of the lemniscatus group, see C. lemniscatus for details.|
|Etymology||The specific epithet, flavissimus, is an adjective that comes from the Latin noun flavum, meaning ‘‘yellow,’’ and the Latin superlative suffix issimus, meaning ‘‘the most.’’ The name means ‘‘yellowest,’’ alluding to the characteristic yellow coloration of the posterior half of the body, legs and tail in members of this species.|
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