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Coelognathus erythrurus (DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL, 1854)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesCoelognathus erythrurus celebensis (JAN 1863)
Coelognathus erythrurus erythrurus (DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854)
Coelognathus erythrurus manillensis JAN 1863
Coelognathus erythrurus psephenourus LEVITON 1979 
Common NamesE: Reddish Rat Snake
G: Philippinen-Kletternatter 
SynonymPlagiodon erythrurus DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 175
Herpetodryas erythrurus MÜLLER (fide DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854)
Coluber erythrurus — BOULENGER 1894: 62
Elaphe erythrura — SMITH 1931
Elaphe erythrura — SCHULZ 1996
Elaphe erythrura — GAULKE 1999
Coelognathus erythrurus — HELFENBERGER 2001
Coelognathus erythrurus — UTIGER et al. 2002
Coelognathus erythrurus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 171

Coelognathus erythrurus celebensis (JAN 1863)
Elaphe erythrura celebensis — DE LANG & VOGEL 2005
Elaphe erythrura celebensis — WANGER et al. 2011
Coelognathus erythrurus celebensis — KOCH 2012

Coelognathus erythrurus manillensis JAN 1863
Coelognathus erythrurus manillensis — MCLEOD et al. 2011
Coelognathus erythrura manillensis — DEVAN-SONG & BROWN 2012
Coelognathus erythrurus manillensis — BROWN et al. 2013

Coelognathus erythrurus psephenourus LEVITON 1979
Elaphe erythrura psephenoura LEVITON 1979
Coelognathus erythrurus psephenourus — GAULKE 2011: 264
Coelognathus erythrurus psephenoura — SUPSUP et al. 2016 
DistributionIndonesia (Sulawesi, Buton), Malaysia (Borneo: Sabah)
Philippines (Balabac, Bongao, Busvanga, Cebu, Culion, Jolo, Leyte, Luzon , Mindanao, Mindora, Negros, Palawan, Calamian Islands, Panay, Polillo, Samar)

celebensis: Sulawesi

manillensis: Luzon

psephenoura: Panay, Cebu; Type locality: “Barrio Asia, Negros Occidental Province, Negros Island, Philippines”.

Type locality: Indonesia: Java (DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL, 1854); Philippines: Samar (Leviton, 1977) Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesLectotype: MNHN 7224 (J.R.C. Quoy and J.P. Gaimard), designated by Leviton, 1977b: 103.
Holotype: CAS 110957 [psephenoura] 
CommentThe occurrence of E. erythrura on Borneo is doubtful since it can be mixed up with E. flavolineata (SCHULZ 1996). 
References
  • Boulenger, George A. 1894. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. British Mus. (Nat. Hist.), London, xi, 382 pp. - get paper here
  • Brown, Rafe M.; Ferner, John W.; Sison, Rogelio V.; Gonzales, Pedro C.; Kennedy, Robert S. 1996. Amphibians and reptiles of the Zambales Mountains of Luzon Island, Republic of the Philippines. Herpetological Natural History 4 (1): 1-22
  • Brown,R.M.; McGuire, J.A.; Ferner,J.W.; Icarangal Jr., N. & Kennedy, R.S. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of Luzon island, II: preliminary report on the herptofauna of Aurora Memorial national Park, Philippines. Hamadryad 25 (2): 175-195 - get paper here
  • Brown; Rafe; Cameron Siler, Carl Oliveros, Luke Welton, Ashley Rock, John Swab, Merlijn Van Weerd, Jonah van Beijnen, Dominic Rodriguez, Edmund Jose, Arvin Diesmos 2013. The amphibians and reptiles of Luzon Island, Philippines, VIII: the herpetofauna of Cagayan and Isabela Provinces, northern Sierra Madre Mou ntain Range. ZooKeys 266 (2013) Special Issue: 1-120<br />doi: 10.3897/zookeys.266.3982 - get paper here
  • Das, I. 2012. A Naturalist's Guide to the Snakes of South-East Asia: Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Myanmar, Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali. Oxford J, ohn Beaufoy Publishing - get paper here
  • Das, I. & Yaakob, N. 2007. Status of knowledge of the Malaysian herpetofauna. In Status of biological diversity in Malaysia & threat assessment of plant species in Malaysia. in: L. S. L. Chua, L. G. Kirton & L. G. Saw (eds.), Status of biological diversity in Malaysia & threat assessment of plant species in Malaysia. Forest Research Institute Malaysia, Kepong, pp. 31-81
  • DEVAN-SONG, Anne and Rafe M. BROWN 2012. Amphibians and Reptiles of Luzon Island, Philippines, VI: The Herpetofauna of the Subic Bay Area. Asian Herpetological Research 3 (1): 1–20 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A.M.C., G. BIBRON & A.H.A. DUMÉRIL 1854. Erpétologie générale ou Histoire Naturelle complète des Reptiles. Vol. 7 (partie 1). Paris, xvi + 780 S. - get paper here
  • Ferner, John W., Rafe M. Brown, Rogelio V. Sison and Robert S. Kennedy 2000. The amphibians and reptiles of Panay Island, Philippines. Asiatic Herpetological Research 9: 1-37 - get paper here
  • Gaulke M. 1999. Die Herpetofauna von Calauit Island (Calamianes-Inseln, Provinz Palawan, Philippinen) (Amphibia et Reptilia). Faun. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierk. Dresden 21 (19)
  • Gaulke, M. 2011. The herpetofauna of Panay Island, Philippines. Edition Chimaira, 390 pp.
  • Helfenberger, Notker 2001. Phylogenetic relationship of Old World Ratsnakes based on visceral organ topography, osteology, and allozyme variation. Russ. J. Herpetol. (Suppl.): 1-56 - get paper here
  • Koch, A. 2012. Discovery, Diversity, and Distribution of the Amphibians and Reptiles of Sulawesi and its offshore islands. Edition Chimaira, 374 pp. [ISBN 978-3-89973-432-4] - get paper here
  • Lang, R. de & G. Vogel 2005. The snakes of Sulawesi. A field guide to the land snakes of Sulawesi with identification keys. Frankfurter Beiträge zur Naturkunde, 25, Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, 312 pp.
  • Leviton,A.E. 1979. Contributions to a review of Philippine snakes. XIII. The snakes of the genus Elaphe. Philippine J. Sci. 106: 99-128
  • MCLEOD, David S.; Cameron D. SILER, Arvin C. DIESMOS, Mae L. DIESMOS, Vhon S. GARCIA, Angela O. ARKONCEO, Kelvin L. BALAQUIT, Charlene C. UY, Mariden M. VILLASERAN, Earle C. YARRA, Rafe M. BROWN 2011. Amphibians and Reptiles of Luzon Island, V: The Herpetofauna of Angat Dam Watershed, Bulacan Province, Luzon Island, Philippines. Asian Herpetological Research 2 (4): 177–198 - get paper here
  • Sanguila MB, Cobb KA, Siler CD, Diesmos AC, Alcala AC, Brown RM 2016. The amphibians and reptiles of Mindanao Island, southern Philippines, II: the herpetofauna of northeast Mindanao and adjacent islands. ZooKeys 624: 1–132, doi: 10.3897/zookeys.624.9814
  • Schulz, K. D. 1996. Eine Monographie der Schlangengattung Elaphe Fitzinger. Bushmaster, Berg (CH): 1-460
  • Schulz, Klaus Dieter 1988. Die hinterasiatischen Kletternattern der Gattung Elaphe. Teil XIV Elaphe subradiata (Schlegel 1837) und Elaphe erythrura (Duméril & Bibron 1854). Sauria 10 (3): 17-20 - get paper here
  • Schulz, Klaus-Dieter 1996. A monograph of the colubrid snakes of the genus Elaphe Fitzinger. Koeltz Scientific Books, 439 pp.
  • Smith, Brian E. 1993. Notes on a collection of squamate reptiles from eastern Mindanao, Philippine Islands part 2: Serpentes. Asiatic Herpetological Research 5: 96-102 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1931. The herpetology of Mt. Kinabalu, North Borneo, 13455 ft. Bull. Raffles Mus., Singapore, 5: 3-32.
  • Sy, Emerson Y. 2015. Geographic Distribution: Coelognathus erythrurus psephenourus (Philippine gray-tailed ratsnake). Herpetological Review 46 (2): 218
  • Utiger, Urs, Notker Helfenberger, Beat Schätti, Catherine Schmidt, Markus Ruf and Vincent Ziswiler 2002. Molecular systematics and phylogeny of Old World and New World ratsnakes, Elaphe Auct., and related genera (Reptilia, Squamata, Colubridae). Russ. J. Herpetol. 9 (2): 105-124. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wanger, T. C., I. Motzke, S. Saleh & D. T. Iskandar 2011. The amphibians and reptiles of the Lore Lindu National Park area, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Salamandra 47 (1): 17-29 - get paper here
 
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