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Coluber taeniatus (HALLOWELL, 1852)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesColuber taeniatus girardi (STEJNEGER & BARBOUR 1917)
Coluber taeniatus taeniatus (HALLOWELL 1852) 
Common NamesCommon name: Striped Whipsnake
girardi: Central Texas Whipsnake
ornatus: Central Texas Whipsnake
taeniatus: Desert Striped Whipsnake 
SynonymLeptophis taeniata HALLOWELL 1852
Masticophis taeniatus — BAIRD & GIRARD 1853: 103
Leptophis taeniata — GARMAN 1884: 46
Coluber taeniatus taeniatus — FITCH 1936
Masticophis taeniatus — STEBBINS 1985: 183
Masticophis taeniatus — LINER 1994
Masticophis taeniatus taeniatus — TENNANT & BARTLETT 2000: 317
Coluber taeniatus — UTIGER et al. 2005 (by implication)
Masticophis taeniatus taeniatus — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009
Coluber taeniatus — CROTHER et al. 2012
Masticophis taeniatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 419

Coluber taeniatus girardi (STEJNEGER & BARBOUR 1917)
Masticophis ornatus BAIRD & GIRARD 1853: 102
Bascanium taeniatum ornatum — COPE 1875: 40
Bascanium taeniatum laterale — YARROW 1875: 543 (part.)
Bascanium ornatum — COPE 1891: 622
Zamenis ornatus — GÜNTHER 1894: 122
Zamenis taeniatus ornatus — BROWN 1901: 57
Bascanion ornatum — BAILEY 1905: 28
Coluber taeniatus girardi STEJNEGER & BARBOUR 1917 (nom. nov.)
Masticophis taeniatus girardi — GLOYD & CONANT 1934
Masticophis taeniatus ornatus — SCHMIDT & SMITH 1944
Masticophis taeniatus ornatus — SMITH & TAYLOR 1945
Masticophis taeniatus girardi — TANNER 1985: 637
Masticophis taeniatus girardi — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 188
Masticophis taeniatus girardi — CAMP{ER 1996
Masticophis taeniatus ornatus — CROTHER 2000: 66
Masticophis taeniatus girardi — TENNANT & BARTLETT 2000: 319
Masticophis taeniatus girardi — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009
Coluber taeniatus girardi — CROTHER et al. 2012 
DistributionUSA (Oregon, Washington, E California, Nevada, Utah, W Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, S/W Texas),
Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon, Tamaulipas)

Type locality: "New Mexico west of the Rio Grande;" restricted to Shiprock, San Juan Co., New Mexico, USA (Smith andTaylor, 1950).

girardi: USA (C Texas, New Mexico); Mexico (Coahuila, Durango, Chihuahua); Type locality: same as ornatus, see comment.

ornatus: Texas; Type locality: Texas, between Indianola and El Paso. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesHolotype: USNM 21 10, adult male, 547 mm SVL
Holotype: USNM 1971, skin [girardi] 
CommentSubspecies and synonymy: Masticophis (= Coluber) taeniatus schotti (BAIRD & GIRARD 1853) is treated here as full species and Masticophis (Coluber) taeniatus ruthveni has been moved to M. (Coluber) schotti. The status of australis is unclear since some authors consider it as synonym of M. (schotti) ruthveni. CROTHER (2000) doesn’t list M. t. girardi nor M. t. australis (girardi seems to be synonymous to ornatus in his list). Coluber taeniatus ornatus would have been a homonym of Coluber ornatus SHAW 1802 (= Chrysopelea ornata), hence STEJNEGER 7 BARBOUR suggested the nomen novum C. t. girardi. Coluber taeniatus australis SMITH 1941 is not considered as a synonym of C. schotti ruthveni.

The ‘‘juvenile whipsnake’’ illustrated in Stebbins & McGinnis (2012) in the account of Masticophis taeniatus (p. 370) is an adult M. bilineatus.

Type species: Leptophis taeniata HALLOWELL 1852 is the type species of the genus Masticophis BAIRD. However, Utiger et al. (2005) synonymized Masticophis with Coluber.

Syntype: ANSP 5366 
EtymologyThe generic name was derived from the Greek words mastyx, meaning "whip" and ophis, meaning "serpent," in reference to the braided appearance of the tail. 
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