You are here » home advanced search Conolophus subcristatus

Conolophus subcristatus (GRAY, 1831)

IUCN Red List - Conolophus subcristatus - Vulnerable, VU

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaIguanidae, Iguania, Sauria (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesGalapagos Land Iguana 
SynonymAmb. [lyrhynchus] subcristatus GRAY 1831: 6
Amblyrhynchus Demarlii DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 197
Hypsilophus (Conolophus) demarlii - FITZINGER 1843: 55
Trachycephalus subcristatus - GRAY 1845: 188
Conolophus subcristatus - STEINDACHNER 1876
Conolophus subcristatus — BOULENGER 1885: 187
Conolophus subcristatus pictus ROTHSCHILD & HARTERT 1899
Conolophus subcristatus— SWASH & STILL 2000 
DistributionGalapagos (James = Santiago, Indefatigable = Santa Cruz, Albermarle = Isabella, Narborough = Fernandina, South Seymour) (belongs politically to Ecuador)

Type locality: Galápagos? Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: not located (fide ETHERIDGE 1982) 
CommentReproduction: Amblyrhynchus cristatus, Conolophus subcristatus and Conolophus marthae can hybridize and produce viable offspring (Tzika et al. 2008).

Type species: Amblyrhynchus Demarlii DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837 is the type species of the genus Conolophus FITZINGER 1843. 
References
  • Alberts, A.C.; Carter, R.L.; Hayes, W.K. & Martins, E.P. (eds.) 2004. Iguanas - Biology and Conservation. University of California Press, 356 pp.
  • Avery, D. F.;Tanner, W. W. 1971. Evolution of the iguanine lizards (Sauria, Iguanidae) as determined by osteological and myological characters Brigham Young University Science Bulletin 12 (3): 1-79
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1886. On the species of Iguaninae. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 23 (122): 261-271
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1837. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 4. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 570 pp. - get paper here
  • Etheridge,R. 1982. Checklist of the Iguanine and Malagasy Iguanid Lizards. In: Burghardt,G.M. & Rand, A.S., eds., Iguanas of the World. Noyes Publications, Park Ridge, NJ, pp. 7-37
  • Fitzinger, L. 1843. Systema Reptilium, fasciculus primus, Amblyglossae. Braumüller et Seidel, Wien: 106 pp. - get paper here
  • FRICK, MICHAEL G. 2010. Misconceptions about the ability of researchers to relocate the holotype of the Galapagos pink land iguana through the use of a passive integrated transponder. Zootaxa 2694: 57–58 - get paper here
  • Gentile, Gabriele; Anna Fabiani, Cruz Marquez, Howard L. Snell, Heidi M. Snell, Washington Tapia, an 2009. An overlooked pink species of land iguana in the Galápagos. PNAS 106: 507-511 - get paper here
  • Glaberman, Scott & Adalgisa Caccone 2008. Species-specific evolution of class I MHC genes in iguanas (Order: Squamata; Subfamily: Iguaninae). Immunogenetics 60:371–382
  • Gray, J. E. 1831. Description of a new species of Amblyrhynchus of Mr. Bell, in the British Museum. Zool. Misc. 1831: 6 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Hall, W.P. 2009. Chromosome Variation, Genomics, Speciation and Evolution in Sceloporus Lizards. Cytogenet Genome Res 127: 143-165
  • Higgins, P.J. 1978. The Galapagos Iguanas: Models of Reptilian Differentiation. BioScience 28 (8): 512-515
  • Hofkin, Bruce V.; April Wright, Jennifer Altenbach, Kornelia Rassmann, Heidi M. Snell; Robert D. Mil 2003. Ancient DNA gives green light to Galápagos Land Iguana repatriation. Conservation Genetics 4: 105–108
  • Klauber, Laurence M. 1938. Notes from a herpetological diary, I Copeia 1938 (4): 191-197 - get paper here
  • Lücker, H. & Feiler, A. 2002. Beobachtungen einer Paarung zwischen Meerechsen-Männchen (Amblyrhynchus cristatus) und Landleguan-Weibchen (Conolophus subcristatus) auf Plaza-Sur/Galapagos-Inseln sowie Beobachtungen an einem adulten Gattungshybriden (Amblyrhynchus x Conolophus). Elaphe 10 (4): 49-54
  • ROSA,SABRINA F. P.; DANIEL MONTEYNE and MICHEL C. MILINKOVITCH 2009. Development of 10 highly-polymorphic microsatellite markers in the vulnerable Galápagos land iguanas (genus Conolophus). Molecular Ecology Resources 9: 376–379
  • Rothschild & Hartert 1899. Novit. Zool., London, 6: 102
  • Steindachner, F. 1876. Die Schlangen und Eidechsen der Galapagos-Inseln. Festschr. zool.-bot. Ges., Wien 1876: 303-329
  • Swash,A. & Still,R. 2000. Birds, Mammals and Reptiles of the Galapagos Islands. Pica Press, 168 pp.
  • Switak, Karl H. 1996. The iguanas of the Galapagos Islands Reptiles 4 (8): 12-30
  • Van Denburgh, J., and J. R. Slevin 1913. Expedition of the California Academy of Sciences to the Galapagos Islands, 1905-1906. IX. The Galapagoan lizards of the genus Tropidurus with notes on iguanas of the genera Conolophus and Amblyrhynchus. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (ser. 4) 2: 132-202. - get paper here
  • Werning, H. 2010. Auf den Spuren von Darwin durch Südamerika. Teil 4: Galápagos - Der Darwin Archipel. Reptilia (Münster) 15 (81): 52-62 - get paper here
 
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:


Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator