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Conolophus subcristatus (GRAY, 1831)

IUCN Red List - Conolophus subcristatus - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaIguanidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesGalapagos Land Iguana 
SynonymAmb. [lyrhynchus] subcristatus GRAY 1831: 6
Amblyrhynchus Demarlii DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 197
Hypsilophus (Conolophus) demarlii - FITZINGER 1843: 55
Trachycephalus subcristatus - GRAY 1845: 188
Conolophus subcristatus - STEINDACHNER 1876
Conolophus subcristatus — BOULENGER 1885: 187
Conolophus subcristatus pictus ROTHSCHILD & HARTERT 1899
Conolophus subcristatus— SWASH & STILL 2000 
DistributionGalapagos (James = Santiago, Indefatigable = Santa Cruz, Albermarle = Isabella, Narborough = Fernandina, South Seymour) (belongs politically to Ecuador)

Type locality: Galápagos? Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
ReproductionAmblyrhynchus cristatus, Conolophus subcristatus and Conolophus marthae can hybridize and produce viable offspring (Tzika et al. 2008). 
TypesHolotype: not located (fide ETHERIDGE 1982) 
CommentType species: Amblyrhynchus Demarlii DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837 is the type species of the genus Conolophus FITZINGER 1843. 
References
  • Alberts, A.C.; Carter, R.L.; Hayes, W.K. & Martins, E.P. (eds.) 2004. Iguanas - Biology and Conservation. University of California Press, 356 pp.
  • Avery, D. F.;Tanner, W. W. 1971. Evolution of the iguanine lizards (Sauria, Iguanidae) as determined by osteological and myological characters. Brigham Young University Science Bulletin 12 (3): 1-79
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1886. On the species of Iguaninae. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 23 (122): 261-271 - get paper here
  • Dieckmann, M. 2014. Conolophus subcristatus (GRAY 1831). Iguana 27 (2): 16-20
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1837. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 4. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 570 pp. - get paper here
  • Etheridge,R. 1982. Checklist of the Iguanine and Malagasy Iguanid Lizards. In: Burghardt,G.M. & Rand, A.S., eds., Iguanas of the World. Noyes Publications, Park Ridge, NJ, pp. 7-37
  • Fitzinger, L. 1843. Systema Reptilium, fasciculus primus, Amblyglossae. Braumüller et Seidel, Wien: 106 pp. - get paper here
  • FRICK, MICHAEL G. 2010. Misconceptions about the ability of researchers to relocate the holotype of the Galapagos pink land iguana through the use of a passive integrated transponder. Zootaxa 2694: 57–58 - get paper here
  • Gentile, Gabriele; Anna Fabiani, Cruz Marquez, Howard L. Snell, Heidi M. Snell, Washington Tapia, and Valerio Sbordoni 2009. An overlooked pink species of land iguana in the Galápagos. PNAS 106: 507-511 - get paper here
  • Glaberman, Scott & Adalgisa Caccone 2008. Species-specific evolution of class I MHC genes in iguanas (Order: Squamata; Subfamily: Iguaninae). Immunogenetics 60:371–382
  • Gray, J. E. 1831. Description of a new species of Amblyrhynchus of Mr. Bell, in the British Museum. Zoological Miscellany 1: 6 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Hall, W.P. 2009. Chromosome Variation, Genomics, Speciation and Evolution in Sceloporus Lizards. Cytogenet Genome Res 127: 143-165
  • Higgins, P.J. 1978. The Galapagos Iguanas: Models of Reptilian Differentiation. BioScience 28 (8): 512-515
  • Hofkin, Bruce V.; April Wright, Jennifer Altenbach, Kornelia Rassmann, Heidi M. Snell; Robert D. Miller, Anne C. Stone &Howard L. Snell 2003. Ancient DNA gives green light to Galápagos Land Iguana repatriation. Conservation Genetics 4: 105–108
  • Klauber, Laurence M. 1938. Notes from a herpetological diary, I. Copeia 1938 (4): 191-197 - get paper here
  • Lücker, H. & Feiler, A. 2002. Beobachtungen einer Paarung zwischen Meerechsen-Männchen (Amblyrhynchus cristatus) und Landleguan-Weibchen (Conolophus subcristatus) auf Plaza-Sur/Galapagos-Inseln sowie Beobachtungen an einem adulten Gattungshybriden (Amblyrhynchus x Conolophus). Elaphe 10 (4): 49-54
  • Olson, Storrs L. 2014. The early scientific history of Galapagos iguanas. Archives of natural history 41.1: 141–153
  • ROSA,SABRINA F. P.; DANIEL MONTEYNE and MICHEL C. MILINKOVITCH 2009. Development of 10 highly-polymorphic microsatellite markers in the vulnerable Galápagos land iguanas (genus Conolophus). Molecular Ecology Resources 9: 376–379
  • Rothschild & Hartert 1899. Novit. Zool., London, 6: 102
  • Steindachner, F. 1876. Die Schlangen und Eidechsen der Galapagos-Inseln. Festschr. zool.-bot. Ges., Wien 1876: 303-329 - get paper here
  • Swash,A. & Still,R. 2000. Birds, Mammals and Reptiles of the Galapagos Islands. Pica Press, 168 pp.
  • Switak, Karl H. 1996. The iguanas of the Galapagos Islands. Reptiles 4 (8): 12-30
  • Urbansky, D. 2014. Eine Kreuzfahrt zu den Galapagos-Inseln, Teil 1: die westlichen Inseln Isabela und Fernandina. Iguana 27 (1): 23-31
  • Van Denburgh, J., and J. R. Slevin 1913. Expedition of the California Academy of Sciences to the Galapagos Islands, 1905-1906. IX. The Galapagoan lizards of the genus Tropidurus with notes on iguanas of the genera Conolophus and Amblyrhynchus. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (ser. 4) 2: 132-202. - get paper here
  • Werning, H. 2010. Auf den Spuren von Darwin durch Südamerika. Teil 4: Galápagos - Der Darwin Archipel. Reptilia (Münster) 15 (81): 52-62 - get paper here
 
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