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Contomastix lacertoides (DUMÉRIL & BIBRON, 1839)

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Higher TaxaTeiidae, Teiinae, Gymnophthalmoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesBibron's Whiptail 
SynonymCnemidophorus lacertoides DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 134
Cnemidophorus lacertinoides - GRAY 1845: 22 (in error for lacertoides)
Cnemidophorus grandensis COPE 1871: 158
Cnemidophorus lacertoides — BOULENGER 1886: 427
Ameiva lacertoides - BURT
Cnemidophorus lacertoides - GALLARDO 1966: 24
Cnemidophorus lacertoides — PETERS et al. 1970: 93
Cnemidophorus lacertoides — MASLIN & SECOY 1986
Cnemidophorus lacertoides - CEI 1993
Cnemidophorus lacertoides — DIRKSEN & DE LA RIVA 1999
Cnemidophorus charrua CABRERA & CARREIRA 2009
Contomastix charrua — HARVEY et al. 2012 (fide BORTEIRO et al. 2013)
Contomastix charrua — CARREIRA et al. 2012
Contomastix lacertoides — HARVEY et al. 2012
Cnemidophorus lacertoides — AVILA et al. 2013 
DistributionUruguay, S Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul), Argentina (Achiras, Córdoba; Entre Rios [HR 31: 52], Buenos Aires [HR 32: 275]), Bolivia (Cochabamba, Santa Cruz)

Type locality: Montevideo, Uruguay.

charrua: Uruguay (Rocha); Type locality: Uruguay: Departamento Rocha: Cabo Polonio (34º 24' 21" S; 53º 46' 57" W). Holotype. MNHN 03423. Adult male. February 3, 1977; F. Achaval, col. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: unlocated
Syntype: ANSP 9553; Brazil, Rio Grande [Cnemidophorus grandensis] 
CommentClosely related to C. leachei. PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS (1970) listed leachi as synonym of lacertoides. Synonymy after CEI 1993.

Group: founding member of the lacertoides group (Cei, 1993) that can be distinguished from the other groups of Cnemidophorus by their suborbital semicircles lacking granules, a tongue that is bilobed posteriorly (instead of basally as in other species) (see Cei, 1993), and 10 longitudinal rows of ventral scales (Dies et al., 2002, Cabrera and Carreira, 2009). 
References
  • AVILA, LUCIANO JAVIER; LORENA ELIZABETH MARTINEZ & MARIANA MORANDO 2013. Checklist of lizards and amphisbaenians of Argentina: an update. Zootaxa 3616 (3): 201–238
  • BORTEIRO, CLAUDIO; FRANCISCO KOLENC, CARLOS PRIGIONI, MARIANA L. LYRA, DIEGO BALDO 2013. A lost species or the loss of stripes? The case of Contomastix lizards from Cabo Polonio, Uruguay, with observations on C. lacertoides (Duméril & Bibron) and Cnemidophorus grandensis Cope (Squamata, Teiidae). Zootaxa 3620 (2): 245–259 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1886. A synopsis of the reptiles and batrachians of the province Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 18: 423-445 - get paper here
  • Burt, C. E. 1931. A study of the teiid lizards of the genus Cnemidophorus with special reference to their phylogenetic relationships. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 154: 286 pp. - get paper here
  • Cabrera, Mario R. & Carreira, S. 2009. A new, but probably extinct, species of Cnemidophorus (Squamata, Teiidae) from Uruguay. The Herpetological Journal 19: 97–105
  • Carreira, S.; Brazeiro, A.; Camargo, A.; da Rosa, I.; Canavero, A. & Maneyro, M. 2012. DIVERSITY OF REPTILES OF URUGUAY: KNOWLEDGE AND INFORMATION GAPS. Bol. Soc. Zool. Uruguay (2a época) 21 (1-2): 9-29 - get paper here
  • Cei J M. Martori R A. 1991. A New Species of Cnemidophorus of the lacertoides species group from the eastern Sierras de Cordoba, Central Argentina (Lacertilia, Teiidae). Boll. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat. Torino 9 (1): 33-38.
  • Cei J M. Scrocchi G. 1991. A poorly known and discussed species, Cnemidophorus leachei Peracca 1897, and general remarks on the genus Cnemidophorus in Argentina (Lacertilia, Teiidae). Boll. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat. Torino 9 (1): 233-244.
  • Cei, J. M. 1993. Reptiles del noroeste, nordeste y este de la Argentina. Museo Regionale Sci. Naturale Torino, Monografie 14: 1-949
  • Cole, Charles J.;McCoy, Clarence J.;Achaval, Federico 1979. Karyotype of a South American teiid lizard, Cnemidophorus lacertoides. American Museum Novitates (2671): 1-5 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1870. Seventh contribution to the herpetology of tropical America. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 11: 147-169 [1869] - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol.5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • Feltrim, A.C. 2003. Dimorfismo sexual em Cnemidophorus lacertoides (Squamata, Teiidae) do sul da América do Sul. Phyllomedusa 1 (2): 75-80 [2002] - get paper here
  • Gallardo, Jose M. 1966. Liolaemus lentus nov. Sp. (Iguanidae) de la Pampa y Algunas observaciones sobre los saurios de picha provincia Argentina y del oeste de Buenos Aires. Neotropica 12 (37): 15-29
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • HARVEY, MICHAEL B.; GABRIEL N. UGUETO & RONALD L. GUTBERLET, Jr. 2012. Review of Teiid Morphology with a Revised Taxonomy and Phylogeny of the Teiidae (Lepidosauria: Squamata). Zootaxa 3459: 1–156 - get paper here
  • Maslin, T. & Secoy, D.M. 1986. A checklist of the lizard genus Cnemidophorus (Teiidae). Contr. Zool. Univ. Colorado Mus. 1: 1-60
  • Prigioni, C.; C. Borteiro; F. Kolenc. 2011. Amphibia and Reptilia, Quebrada de los Cuervos, Departamento de Treinta y Tres, Uruguay. Check List 7 (6): 763-767 - get paper here
  • REEDER, T.W.; CHARLES J. COLE AND HERBERT C. DESSAUER 2002. Phylogenetic Relationships of Whiptail Lizards of the Genus Cnemidophorus (Squamata: Teiidae): A Test of Monophyly, Reevaluation of Karyotypic Evolution, and Review of Hybrid Origins. American Museum Novitates 3365: 1-64 - get paper here
  • Rocha,C.F.D. et al. 2000. New Cnemidophorus (Squamata: Teiidae) from coastal Rio de Janeiro State, Southeastern Brazil. Copeia 2000 (2): 501-509 - get paper here
 
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