You are here » home advanced search Corallus caninus

Corallus caninus (LINNAEUS, 1758)

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaBoidae (Boinae), Henophidia, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Emerald Tree Boa
G: Hundskopfschlinger, Grüne Hundskopfboa 
SynonymBoa canina LINNAEUS 1758: 215
Boa Hipnale LINNAEUS 1758: 215
Boa thalassina LAURENTI 1768: 89 (nomen subst. pro Boa canina LINNAEUS).
Boa aurantiaca LAURENTI 1768: 89
Boa exigua LAURENTI 1768: 89 (nomen substitutum pro Boa hipnale)
Boa canina — SHAW & NODDER 1790
Xiphosoma araramboya WAGLER 1824: 45
Xiphosoma caninum — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1844: 540
Xiphosoma caninum — JAN 1864
Xiphosoma caninum — LOCKINGTON 1886: 300
Corallus caninus — BOULENGER 1893: 102
Corallus caninus — STIMSON 1969
Corallus caninus — GASC & RODRIGUES 1980
Corallus caninus — STARACE 1998: 94
Corallus caninus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 190 
DistributionGuyana, Suriname, French Guiana, E/S Venezuela (Bolívar, Amazonas), NE Brazil (north of the Rio Amazonas and north and east of the Rio Negro: Amapá, Pará, Roraima, Amazonas); elevation 0-200 m.

Type locality: "America". Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: NRS Lin. 8 
CommentHybridization: KIVIT & WISEMAN (2005) report a hybrid between C. caninus and C. hortulanus.

Diagnosis.—Distinguishable from all other species of Corallus (except C. batesii) based on its green dorsal ground color with enamel-white markings on the dorsum (dorsum occasionally immaculate green, devoid of any white markings); juveniles usually red-orange (rarely green) with enamel-white markings (other species of Corallus have dorsal ground colors of various shades of gray, brown, red, and yellow as adults, always with patterns consisting of more than just white markings). It differs from C. batesii by reduced number of scales across snout at level of the suture between third and fourth supralabials (2–6, mean = 3.4 +/- 1.1 in C. caninus; 3–12, mean = 6.9 +/- 1.6 in C. batesii), absence of mid-dorsal longitudinal stripe (present or absent in C. batesii), and absence or near-absence of lateral blotches (0–11, mean = 1.3 +/- 2.7 in C. caninus; 0–38, mean = 18.1 +/- 8.2 in C. batesii). Juvenile dorsal coloration (in alcohol) pale yellow to beige (in life, red-orange) in specimens 380– 516 mm SVL. Mitochondrial DNA sequence differences between Guiana Shield samples (C. caninus) and those from Amazonia (C. batesii) ranged from 3.1–16.2% (Vidal et al., 2005). [from HENDERSON eta l. 2009]. 
References
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Duellman, W. E. 1978. The biology of an equatorial herpetofauna in Amazonian Ecuador. Misc. Publ. Univ. Kans. Mus. Nat. Hist. 65: 1-352 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1844. Erpetologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol.6. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 609 pp. - get paper here
  • Gasc & Rodrigues 1980. Liste preliminaire des Serpents de la Guyane francaise. Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat. Paris 2 (4): 559-598
  • Golder, F. 1985. Haltung und Zucht sowie Umfärbung der Jungschlangen von Corallus caninus (LINNAEUS 1758). Salamandra 21 (2/3): 148-156
  • Gray, J.E. 1860. Description of a new genus of Boidae discovered by Mr. Bates on the Upper Amazon. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 6: 131-132 - get paper here
  • Henderson R W 1993. Corallus caninus (Linnaeus). Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles 574: 1-4 - get paper here
  • Henderson, R. W., Pauers, M. J. and Colston, T. J. 2013. On the congruence of morphology, trophic ecology, and phylogeny in Neotropical treeboas (Squamata: Boidae: Corallus). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 109: 466–475. doi: 10.1111/bij.12052 - get paper here
  • Henderson, Robert W. and Michael J. Pauers 2012. On the Diets of Neotropical Treeboas (Squamata: Boidae: Corallus). South American Journal of Herpetology 7 (2): 172-180. - get paper here
  • Henderson, Robert W.; Michael J. Pauers and Timothy J. Colston 2013. On the congruence of morphology, trophic ecology, and phylogeny in Neotropical treeboas (Squamata: Boidae: Corallus). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, DOI: 10.1111/bij.12052 - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1864. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 7. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • Kivit, R. & Wiseman, S. 2000. The Green Tree Python & Emerald Tree Boa. Kirschner und Seufer Verlag, Keltern-Weiler, 126 pp. - get paper here
  • Kivit, R. & Wiseman, S. 2005. Grüner Baumpython und Grüne Hundskopfboa. Kirschner und Seufer Verlag, Keltern-Weiler, 174 pp.
  • Laita, Mark 2013. Serpentine. Abrams and PQ Blackwell, Auckland, New Zealand, 200 unnumbered pages
  • Lancini,A.R. & Kornacker,P.M. 1989. Die Schlangen von Venezuela. Armitano Editores C.A., Caracas, 1-381
  • Laurenti, J. N. 1768. Specimen medicum, exhibens synopsin reptilium emendatam cum experimentis circa venena et antidota reptilium austracorum, quod authoritate et consensu. Vienna, Joan. Thomae, 217 pp.
  • Lehr, E. 2001. New records for amphibians and reptiles from Departamentos Pasco and Ucayali, Peru. Herpetological Review 32 (2): 130-132 - get paper here
  • Lehr, E. 2002. Amphibien und Reptilien in Peru. Natur und Tier-Verlag (Münster), 208 pp. - get paper here
  • Lehr, E. & Lara, J. 2002. Die Schlangenfauna von Pozuzo (Peru) (Reptilia: Serpentes). Faun. Abh. Mus. Tierk. Dresden 22 (2): 353-359
  • Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiæ. 10th Edition: 824 pp. - get paper here
  • Lockington 1886. The form of the pupil in snakes. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 1886: 300 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid,R.W.; Campbell,J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Merli, Jim 1991. Ontogenetic color change in the emerald tree boa, Corallus caninus. Vivarium 3 (4): 19-21
  • Pérez-santos, C. E. 1986. Zoogeografía de los Ophidia en Colombia. Univ. Complutense, Madrid, 2 vols., 971 pp.
  • Regent, M. 2012. Was bedeutet artgerechte Haltung von Riesenschlangen heute?. Reptilia (Münster) 17 (96): 10 - get paper here
  • Regent, Mark 2012. Grüne Hundskopfschlinger Corallus caninus und Corallus batesii. Natur und Tier Verlag, 64 pp. - get paper here
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist. Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, Dieter 2010. Vermehrung und Zucht von Riesenschlangen. Draco 11 (44): 4-17 - get paper here
  • Shaw, George & Nodder, Frederick P. (Eds.) 1790. The Naturalist’s Miscellany [...], Vol. I. London, Nodder & Co., plates 1-37, 158 unnumbered pages [published in monthly issues between August 1, 1789, and July 1, 1790] - get paper here
  • Silva, F.M.; A.C. Menks; A.L.C. Prudente; J.C.L. Costa; A.E.M. Travassos; U. Galatti. 2011. Squamate Reptiles from municipality of Barcarena and surroundings, state of Pará, north of Brazil. Check List 7 (3): 220-226
  • Starace, Fausto 1998. Guide des Serpents et Amphisbènes de Guyane. IBIS Rouge Editions, Guadeloupe, Guyane, 450 pp.
  • Vidal Nicolas, Robert W. Henderson, Anne-Sophie Delmas and S. Blair Hedges 2005. A phylogenetic study of the Emerald Treeboa (Corallus caninus). Journal of Herpetology 39 (3):500-503 - get paper here
  • Wagler,J. 1824. Serpentum Brasiliensium species novae, ou histoire naturelle des espèces nouvelles de serpens. In: Jean de Spix, Animalia nova sive species novae. [NAtrix bahiensis: 27,. Monaco, Typis Franc. Seraph. Hübschmanni, vii + 75 pp.
 
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:


Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator