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Corallus hortulanus (LINNAEUS, 1758)

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Higher TaxaBoidae (Boinae), Henophidia, Serpentes (snakes) 
SubspeciesCorallus hortulanus hortulanus (LINNAEUS 1758)
Corallus hortulanus enydris (LINNAEUS 1758) 
Common NamesE: Garden Tree Boa
G: Gartenboa 
SynonymBoa hortulana LINNAEUS 1758: 215
Boa Enydris LINNAEUS 1758: 215
Vipera bitis LAURENTI 1768: 102
Vipera madarensis LAURENTI 1768: 102
Coluber madarensis - GMELIN 1788: 1092
Coluber bitis - GMELIN 1788: 1092
Boa Ambleocephala DONNDORFF 1798: 1798: 149
Boa merremi SCHNEIDER 1801: 259
Boa obtusiceps BECHSTEIN 1802: 46
Boa elegans DAUDIN 1803: 123
Corallus obtusirostris DAUDIN 1803: 259
Xiphosoma ornatum WAGLER 1824: 40
Xiphosoma dorsuale WAGLER 1824: 43
Xiphosoma hortulana - FITZINGER 1826: 883
[Xiphosoma] merremii - WAGLER 1830: 167
Boa modesta REUSS 1834: 129
Boa hortulana - SCHLEGEL 1837: 392
Corallus maculatus GRAY 1842: 42
Corallus hortulanus - GRAY 1842: 42
Corallus Cooki GRAY 1842: 42
Xiphosoma hortulanum - DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1844: 545
Corallus hortulanus melanea GRAY 1849: 98
Xiphosoma ruschenbergerii COPE 1875: 129
Xiphosoma hortulanum — GARMAN 1887: 279
Corallus cookii - BOULENGER 1893: 99
Corallus hortulanus - BOULENGER 1893: 101
Boa ruschenbergii - STEJNEGER 1901: 184 (in errore)
Boa cooki - IHERING 1911: 317
Boa salmonidia BRICEÑO ROSSI 1934: 1141
Boa enydris enydris - STULL 1935: 388
Corallus enydris - FORCART 1951: 197
Corallus enydris enydris - FORCART 1951
Corallus enhydris enhydris — DUELLMAN 1978: 226
Corallus enydris — GASC & RODRIGUES 1980
Corallus enydris — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 597
Corallus enhydris enhydris - WELCH 1994: 17
Corallus enhydris — STARACE 1998: 97
Corallus hortulanus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 191
Corralus hortulanus — BAUER & GÜNTHER 2013 (in error) 
DistributionS Colombia (east of the Andes), S Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil (Amazonas, Bahia, Sergipe, Ceará, Rio de Janeiro, Espirito Santo, Minas Gerais, DF), Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia;
Trinidad, Tobago, Windward Islands.

Type locality: "America" [LINNAEUS 1758: 215] Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: NRM (NHRM) Lin. 7 [Boa enydris] 
CommentMaximal length 2.5 m.

Synonymy: Chippaux, 1986, has suggested that C. enydris is monotypic. STULL (1935) placed Boa grenadensis in synonymy with B. enydris cooki (= Corallus cookii). Corallus grenadensis has been resurrected from the synonymy of C. hortulanus (or C. cooki).

Diagnosis.—Corallus hortulanus is distinguishable from other species in the complex by the maximum number of dorsal scale rows (almost always over 50 in hortulanus, always less than 50 in cooki, grenadensis, and ruschenbergerii). Populations of hortulanus with less than 50 dorsal scale rows occur in
Guyana, Suriname, Bolivia, and Peru. In general, hortulanus has higher counts for meristic characters than other members of the complex. The shape of the main element in the dorsal pattern at midbody is more or less ellipsoidal, whereas it is a ragged hourglass in cooki and is usually spade-shaped in grenadensis [from HENDERSON 1997].

Distribution: partly after AFB Araujo (pers. comm. 21 Jan 2013).

Reproduction: viviparous 
References
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