You are here » home advanced search Coronella austriaca

Coronella austriaca LAURENTI, 1768

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Coronella austriaca?

Add your own observation of
Coronella austriaca »

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesCoronella austriaca austriaca (LAURENTI 1768)
Coronella austriaca acutirostris MALKMUS 1995 
Common NamesE: Smooth Snake
G: Schlingnatter, Glattnatter
D: Gladde Slang 
SynonymCoronella austriaca LAURENTI 1768: 84
Coluber austriacus (LAURENTI) — GMELIN 1789: 1114
Coluber levis LACÉPÈDE 1789: 98
Coluber versicolor RAZOUMOVSKY 1789: 122
Coluber coronella BONNATERRE 1790: 31
Coluber ferrugineus SPARRMAN 1795: 180
Natrix coronella (BONNATERRE) — SCHRANK 1798: 291
Coluber oculus cati SUCKOW 1798
Coluber laevis LATREILLE 1800
Coluber tetragonus LATREILLE 1800
Coluber thuringicus BECHSTEIN 1801
Coluber alpinus GÜLDENSTEDT 1801
Coluber cupreus GÜLDENSTEDT 1801
Coluber ponticus GÜLDENSTEDT 1801
Coluber dumfrisiensis SOWERBY 1804
Coluber laevis HERMANN 1804: 278 (non LATREILLE 1800)
Coluber gallicus HERMANN 1804
Coluber caucasius PALLAS 1814
Coronella laevis (LACÉPÈDE) BOIE 1827
Natrix dumfrisiensis (SOWERBY) FLEMING 1828
Zacholus austriacus (LAURENTI) WAGLER 1830
Coluber nebulosus MÉNÉTRIÉS 1832: 73
Coluber caucasicus MÉNÉTRIÉS 1832
Coluber paedera DVIGUBSKIJ 1832
Coronella austriaca fitzingeri (BONAPARTE 1840)
Zacholus laevis (LACÉPÈDE) EICHWALD 1841
Tropidonotus austriacus (LAURENTI) GEMMERTHAL 1845
Tropidonotus thuringiacus (BECHSTEIN) MERKEL 1845: 117 (lapsus)
Coronella laevis seu Austriaca — DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 610
Coronella austriaca — GRAY 1859: 317
Simotes semicinctus PETERS 1862: 637
Coronella laevis — JAN 1865
Coronella vernalis GISTEL 1868
Coronella austriaca var. marginata FATIO 1872
Coronella austriaca var. pallida FATIO 1872
Coronella laevis var. leopardina MÜLLER 1885
Coronella austriaca var. fasciata DÜRIGEN 1897
Coronella austriaca var. immaculata DÜRIGEN 1897
Coronella austriaca var. sparsa DÜRIGEN 1897
Coronella austriaca var. taeniata DÜRIGEN 1897
Coronella austriaca var. concolor WERNER 1897
Coronella austriaca var. lateralis WERNER 1897
Coronella austriaca var. quadritaeniata WERNER 1897
Coronella austriaca s. laevis — GADOW 1909: 619
Coronella austriaca var. scalaris STERNFELD 1911
Coronella austriaca var. quadrilineata SCHREIBER 1912
Coronella austriaca var. veithi SCHREIBER 1912
Coronella austriaca — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Oligodon semicinctus - WALLACH & BAUER 1997
Oligodon semicinctus — DAS & YAAKOB 2007
Coronella austriaca — WALLACH et al. 2014: 186

Coronella austriaca acutirostris MALKMUS 1995
Coronella austriaca acutirostris — MALKMUS 2013 
DistributionFinland, S Norway, Sweden,
Belgium, Netherlands, Luxemburg, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, S England,
N Spain, N Portugal, France, Italy, Poland, Czech Republic (formerly Czechoslovakia), Hungary, Slovakia,
Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia and Hercegovina, Monte Negro,
Macedonia, Serbia, Romania, Bulgaria, Greece (incl. Samothraki), Albania, Turkey
Russia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova, Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, W Kazakhstan, N Asia Minor, N Iran

acutirostris: Portugal; Type locality: Lagoa Comprida/Serra da
Estrela, Portugal (1575 m elevation).

Type locality: Vienna, Austria Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionviviparous. 
TypesHolotype: NRM 6009 
CommentSynonymy: The validity of Coronella austriaca fitzingeri is questioned by several authors (e.g. LANZA 1973, KRAMER et al. 1982, MALKMUS 1995).

Simotes semicinctus PETERS 1862 doesn’t seem to belong to the genus Oligodon based on the original description (F. WAGNER, pers. comm.). EVERY Oligodon species has enlarged, laterally flattened rear teeth (including catenata, which despite Smith's drawing, has definitely flattened, enlarged rear teeth). The species was synonymized with C. austriaca by TILLACK et al. (2008) who also suspected that the locality [Holotype: ZMB 4553; Terra typica: “wahrscheinlich Borneo”] given by PETERS was in error.

Type species: Coluber levis LACÉPÈDE 1789 is the type species of the genus Coronella LAURENTI 1768, designated by F. Boie, 1826: 981 and 1827: 519, and Cope, 1860d: 245.

Synonymy: Kaiser et al. 2013 considered the generic name Sharonhoserea Hoser 2012 invalid and rejected its use instead of Coronella.

Size: up to 70 cm total length. 
References
  • Alfermann, Dirk; Axel Kwet & Richard Podloucky 2013. Die Schlingnatter (Coronella austriaca). Das Reptil des Jahres 2013. Terraria Elaphe 2013 (4): 72-79 - get paper here
  • Ballowitz, E. 1902. Über die Verbreitung der Schlingnatter (Coronella austriaca Laur.) im norddeutschen Flachlande, insbesondere in Vorpommern. Zool. Anz. 25: 212-217 - get paper here
  • Berroneau, M. et al. 2010. Guide des Amphibiens et Reptiles d’Aquitaine. Association Cistude Nature, 180 pp.
  • Beshkov, V & Nanev, K 2006. The Amphibians and Reptiles in Bulgaria. Pensoft Series Faunistica 46, 120 pp.
  • Bezman-Moseyko, Olga S. 2010. New Records of Three Rare Snake Species from the Left Bank of Dniester River (Pridnestrovie). Russ. J. Herpetol. 17 (4): 280-284 - get paper here
  • Boettger, O. [as O. Böttger] 1880. Die Reptilien und Amphibien von Syrien, Palaestina und Cypern. Ber. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., Frankfurt/M., 1879-1880: 132-219 - get paper here
  • Bonaparte, C.L. 1840. Amphibia europaea ad systema nostrum vertebratorum ordinata. Memorie della Reale Accademia delle Scienze di Torino, (2), 2(1): 385-456.
  • BOND, J.M.; R. PORTEOUS, S. HUGHES, R. J. MOGG, M. G. GARDNER and C. J. READING 2005. Polymorphic microsatellite markers, isolated using a simple enrichment procedure, in the threatened smooth snake (Coronella austriaca). Molecular Ecology Notes 5: 42–44
  • Bonnaterre, P.J. 1789. Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature, . . . Erpétologie. Panckoucke, Paris, xxviii+71 pp. (+ plates + index) - get paper here
  • Bonte, Christoffel 2012. Affirmation of Coronella austriaca (Laurenti, 1768) on the island of Cres, Croatia. Herpetology Notes 6: 65-66. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1913. The snakes of Europe. Methusen & Co. Ltd, London, 151 pp.
  • Cogălniceanu, Dan; Laurentiu Rozylowicz, Paul Székely, Ciprian Samoilă, Florina Stănescu, Marian Tudor, Diana Székely, Ruben Iosif 2013. Diversity and distribution of reptiles in Romania. ZooKeys 341 (2013): 49-76 - get paper here
  • Covaciu-Marcov S.-D. et al. 2007. Contributions to the study of the geographical distribution of the herpetofauna in the North-East area of Arad County in Romania. Herpetologica Romanica 1: 62-69
  • Covaciu-Marcov S.-D.; Ghira, I.; Cicort-Lucaciu A.-St., Sas I.; Strugariu, A. & Bogdan H. V. 2006. Contributions to knowledge regarding the geographical distribution of the herpetofauna of Dobrudja, Romania. North-Western Journal of Zoology 2 (2): 88-125 - get paper here
  • Covaciu-Marcov, S.D., Cicort-Lucaciu, A.S., Dobre, F., Ferenţi, S., Birceanu, M., Mihuţ, R. & Strugariu, A. 2009. The herpetofauna of the Jiului Gorge National Park, Romania. North-Western Journal of Zoology 5 (Suppl. 1): 1-78
  • Covaciu-Marcov, S.D., Cicort-Lucaciu, A.S., Sas, I.; Mosu, A.G.; Toth, B. 2008. Contributions to the knowledge of the composition and geographical distribution of the Western Maramures County Herpetofauna. Herpetologica Romanica 2: 27-36
  • Das, I. & Yaakob, N. 2007. Status of knowledge of the Malaysian herpetofauna. In Status of biological diversity in Malaysia & threat assessment of plant species in Malaysia. in: L. S. L. Chua, L. G. Kirton & L. G. Saw (eds.), Status of biological diversity in Malaysia & threat assessment of plant species in Malaysia. Forest Research Institute Malaysia, Kepong, pp. 31-81
  • Dick, D. 2008. Populationsbiologische Untersuchungen der Schlingnatter (Coronella austriaca) im Hessischen Spessart bei Bad Orb. Elaphe 16 (4): 48-52
  • Dossenbach, H.D., & Ganz, A. 1977. Die Reptilien der Schweiz. Naturf. Gesell. Schaffhausen, Switzerland, Neujahrsblatt nr. 30 31 pp.
  • Dujsebayeva, T. N. (ed.) 2010. Short review of last changes in the checklist of amphibians and reptiles of Kazakhstan. [in Russian]. In: Dujsebayeva, T. N. (ed.) Herpetological Researches in Kazakhstan and adjacent countries, p. 37-52
  • Düşen, S.; İ.H. Uğurtaş & F.N. Altunel 2010. Nematode parasites of the smooth snake, Coronella austriaca Laurenti, 1768 and the Aesculapian snake, Zamenis longissimus (Laurenti, 1768) (Ophidia: Colubridae), collected from North-Western Turkey. North-Western Journal of Zoology 6 (1): 086-089 - get paper here
  • Elmberg, J. 1995. Grod- och kräldjurens utbredning i Norrland. Natur i Norr 14: 57-82
  • Engelmann,W.E. 1993. Coronella austriaca - Schlingnatter. In: Böhme,W. (ed.), Handbuch der Reptilien und Amphibien Europas, Band 3/I., Schlangen (Serpentes) I. Aula-Verlag Wiesbaden, pp. 200-246
  • Engelmann,W.E. et al. 1993. Lurche und Kriechtiere Europas. Neumann Verlag (Radebeul, Germany), 440 pp.
  • Forcart,Lothar 1950. Amphibien und Reptilien von Iran. Verh. naturf. Ges. Basel 61: 141-156
  • Frynta,D. et al. 1997. Results of the Czech biological expedition to Iran. Part 1. Notes on the distribution of amphibians and reptiles. Acta Soc. Zool. Bohem. 61: 3-17
  • Gadow, H. 1909. Amphibia and Reptilia. MacMillan, London, 668 pp. - get paper here
  • Galán, Pedro 2014. Herpetofauna del Parque Natural das Fragas do Eume (A Coruña): distribución, estado de conservación y amenazas. Basic and Applied Herpetology 28: 113-136 - get paper here
  • Galarza, Juan A.; Johanna Mappes and Janne K. Valkonen 2014. Biogeography of the smooth snake (Coronella austriaca): origin and conservation of the northernmost population. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 114 (2): 426–435, DOI: 10.1111/bij.12424 - get paper here
  • Gmelin, J.F. 1789. Caroli a Linné Systema naturae. 13. ed., Tom 1 Pars 3. G. E. Beer, Lipsiae. 1033-1516 pp.
  • Goddard, P. 1984. Morphology, growth, food habits and population characteristics of the smooth snake Coronella austriaca in southern Britain. Journal of Zoology 204 (2): 241-257
  • Gray, J. E. 1859. On a new British snake. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 4: 317-318 - get paper here
  • Hermann, J. 1804. Observationes Zoologicae quibus novae complures, aliaeque animalium species describuntur et illustrantur. [part III. Amphibia]. Paris, Amundum Koenig, pp. 216-289 - get paper here
  • Hill, Johannes. 2008. Coronella austriaca (Laurenti, 1768) from the Croatian Island of Cres. Herpetozoa 20 (3/4):192 [2007] - get paper here
  • Hofer, Ulrich 1993. Zur Situation der Schlingnatter (Coronella austriaca Laurenti 1768) in der Schweiz. Mertensiella (3): 91-104
  • Hoser, R.T. 2012. A review of the taxonomy of the European colubrid snake genera Natrix and Coronella, with the creation of three new monotypic genera (Serpentes: Colubridae). Australasian J. Herpetol. 12:58–62. - get paper here
  • Jablonski, Daniel; Peter Mikulíček 2015. Presumptive unilateral anophthalmia recorded at Coronella austriaca Laurenti, 1768 Herpetology Notes 8: 459-460 - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1865. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 14. Livraison. [Elapomorphus d’Orbignyi, Coronella getulus var. Sayi]. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • JELIC, D. 2010. Record of Coronella austriaca LAURENTI, 1768 from the Island of Mljet, southern Croatia [Short Note]. Herpetozoa 23: - get paper here
  • Kaiser, H.; Crother, B.I.; Kelly, C.M.R.; Luiselli, L.; O’Shea, M.; Ota, H.; Passos, P.; Schleip, W.D. & Wüster, W. 2013. Best Practices: In the 21st Century, Taxonomic Decisions in Herpetology are Acceptable Only When Supported by a Body of Evidence and Published via Peer-Review. Herpetological Review 44 (1): 8-23
  • Kasapidis, Panagiotis;Provatidou, Sofia;Maragou, Panagiota;Valakos, Efstratios D. 1996. Neue Daten über die Herpetofauna von Lesbos (ägäische Inseln, Griechenland) und einige biogeographische Bemerkungen über die Inseln des nordöstlichen ägäischen Archipels. Salamandra 32 (3): 171-180
  • KRAMER, E., LINDER, A., MERMILLOD, B. 1982. Systematische Fragen zur europäischen Schlangenfauna. Vert. Hung. 21: 195-201.
  • Kreiner, G. 2009. Die Schlangen Nordspaniens - Reiseeindrücke aus dem Kantabrischen Gebirge und angrenzenden Gebieten. Draco 10 (39): 38-48 - get paper here
  • Kwet, A. 2010. Reptilien und Amphibien Europas. Kosmos-Verlag, Stuttgart, 252 pp.
  • Kwet, Axel & Benny Trapp 2014. Liste der Reptilien Europas. Draco 15 (60): 72-79 - get paper here
  • Lacepède, B. G. E. 1789. Histoire Naturelle des Quadrupèdes Ovipares et de Serpens. Vol.2. lmprimerie du Roi, Hôtel de Thou, Paris, 671 pp. - get paper here
  • Lanza, Benedetto 1973. Gli Anfibi e i Rettili delle isole circumsiciliane. Lavori della Societa Italiana di Biogeografia 3: 755-804
  • Laufer, H.; Fritz, C. & Sowig, P. (eds.) 2007. Die Amphibien und Reptilien Baden-Württembergs. Ulmer Verlag, Stuttgart, 807 pp.
  • Laurenti, J. N. 1768. Specimen medicum, exhibens synopsin reptilium emendatam cum experimentis circa venena et antidota reptilium austracorum, quod authoritate et consensu. Vienna, Joan. Thomae, 217 pp.
  • Leptien, R. 2010. Die Schlingnatter. Reptilia (Münster) 15 (84): 80-83 - get paper here
  • LÖCKENER, BASTIAN 2012. Zur Situation der Schlingnatter (Coronella austriaca) im FFH-Gebiet Mettinger und Recker Moor (NRW) sowie angrenzender Lebensräume. Zeitschrift für Feldherpetologie 19 (1): - get paper here
  • Lutzmann, Nicolá 1998. Eine interessante Farvariante der Schlingnatter (Coronella austriaca Laurenti, 1768). Elaphe 6 (1): 111-112
  • Malkmus, R. 1982. Beitrag zur Verbreitung der Amphibien und Reptilien in Portugal. Salamandra 18 (3-4): 218-299.
  • Malkmus, R. 1995. Die Amphibien und Reptilien Portugals, Madeiras und der Azoren. Die Neue Brehm-Bücherei, Bd. 621. Westarp Wissenschaften (Magdeburg)/Spektrum Akademischer Verlag (Heidelberg)
  • Malkmus, R. 1995. Coronella austriaca acutirostris subspec. nov. aus dem Nordwesten der Iberischen Halbinsel (Reptilia: Serpentes: Colubridae). Zool. Abh. (Dresden) 48 (3): 265-278.
  • Malkmus, Rudolf 2013. Die Herpetofauna des portugiesischen Sternengebirges. Terraria Elaphe 2013 (2): 52-60
  • Meier, Christoph 2014. Herpetologische Felduntersuchungen mit einer Schülergruppe im Berner Oberland. Auf der Suche nach Vipera aspis (Linnaeus, 1758). Ophidia 8 (1): 2-14
  • Meinig, Holger & Schlüpmann, M. 1987. Herpetologische Eindrücke einer Iberienreise. Herpetofauna 9 (49): 11-24 - get paper here
  • Ménétries, E. 1832. Catalogue raisonné des objets de zoologie recueillis dans un voyage au caucase et jusqu’aux frontières actuelles de la Perse. L’Académie Impériale des Sciences, St. -Pétersbourg - get paper here
  • Merkel 1845. Corresp. Naturforsch, Ver. Riga, 1: 117
  • Monney, Jean-Claude;Luiselli, Luca;Capula, Massimo 1995. Notes on the natural history of the smooth snake, Coronella austriaca, in the Swiss Alps. British Herpetological Society Bulletin (54): 21-27
  • Mudde, P. 2008. Reptielen en amfibieën in Obergoms (Zwitserland). Lacerta 65 (6): 248-250 [2007] - get paper here
  • Najbar, Bartlomiej 2006. The occurrence and the characteristics of Coronella austriaca austriaca (LAURENTI, 1768) (Serpentes: Colubridae) in western Poland. Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia - Series A: Vertebrata 49 (1-2): 33-40
  • Naulleau, G. 1987. Les serpents de France, 2.ed. Rev. Francaise d'Aquariologie, Herpet. (Nancy) 56 pp.
  • Necas, Petr; Modry, David & Zavadil, Vít 1997. Czech Recent and Fossil Amphibians and Reptiles. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 94 pp.
  • Niebergall, P. 2008. Fund einer lutinistischen Schlingnatter (Coronella austriaca, LAUF). Elaphe 16 (3): 62-63
  • Niemarkt, J. & Kattke, P. 2005. Fund einer ungewöhnlichen Zeichnungsvariante der Schlingnatter (Coronella austriaca). Reptilia (Münster) 10 (54): 8-9 - get paper here
  • Pernetta, Angelo P. & Christopher J. Reading 2009. Observations of two melanistic smooth snakes (Coronella austriaca) from Dorset, United Kingdom. Acta Herpetologica 4 (1): 109-112 - get paper here
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1862. Zur craniologischen Unterscheidung der Schlangengattung Elaps und über eine neue Art der Gattung Simotes, S. semicinctus. Monatsber. königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin. 1862 (November): 635-638 - get paper here
  • Petrov B. P., N. Tzankov, H. Strijbosch, G. Popgeorgiev, V. Beshkov 2006. The herpetofauna (Amphibia and Reptilia) of the Western Rhodopes mountain (Bulgaria and Greece). In: Beron P. (ed.). Biodiversity of Bulgaria. 3. Biodiversity of Western Rhodopes (Bulgaria and Greece) I. Pensoft & Nat. Mus. Natur. Hist., Sofia, pp. 863-912
  • Polovic, Lidija and Natalija Cadenovic. 2014. The herpetofauna of Ljubisnja Mountain, Montenegro. Herpetozoa 26 (3/4): 193-194
  • Pottier G., Paumier J.-M., Tessier M., Barascud Y., Talhoët S., Liozon R., D’Andurain P., Vacher J.-P., Barthe L., Heaulmé V., Esslinger M., Arthur C.-P., Calvet A., Maurel C. & Redon H. 2008. Atlas de répartition des reptiles et amphibiens de Midi-Pyrénées. Les atlas naturalistes de Midi-Pyrénées. Nature Midi-Pyrénées, Toulouse, 126 pp.
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 4 (1): 7-30
  • Razoumowsky 1789. Hist. Nat. Jorat, 1: 122
  • Reading, C.J. 2004. Age, growth and sex determination in a population of smooth snakes, Coronella austriaca in southern England. Amphibia-Reptilia 25 (2): 137-150 - get paper here
  • Reading, C.J. 2012. Ranging behaviour and home range size of smooth snakes inhabiting lowland heath in southern England. The Herpetological Journal 22 (4): 241-247 - get paper here
  • Reading, Christopher and Gabriela Jofre. 2013. Diet composition changes correlated with body size in the smooth snake, Coronella austriaca, inhabiting lowland heath in southern England. Amphibia-Reptilia 34 (4): 463-470
  • Reading, Christopher J.; Jofr?, Gabriela M. 2015. Habitat use by smooth snakes on lowland heath managed using 'conservation grazing' The Herpetological Journal 25 (4): 225-231 - get paper here
  • Rödel, M.-O. & R. BUSSMANN 1990. Die Amphibien und Reptilien der Julischen Alpen. Sauria 12 (4): 15-21 - get paper here
  • Safaei-Mahroo, Barbod; Hanyeh Ghaffari 2015. New data on presence of the smooth snake Coronella austriaca Laurenti, 1768 (Serpentes: Colubridae) in Iran with notes on habitat Herpetology Notes 8: 235-238 - get paper here
  • Santos, X.; Roca, J.; Pleguezuelos, J.M.; Donaire, D.; Carranza, S. 2008. Biogeography and evolution of the Smooth snake Coronella austriaca (Serpentes: Colubridae) in the Iberian Peninsula: evidence for Messinian refuges and Pleistocenic range expansions. Amphibia-Reptilia 29 (1): 35-47 - get paper here
  • Sauer, Annette 1997. Fotografische Individualidentifikation und erste Ergebnisse zur Langzeitbeobachtung einer Schlingnatterpopulation (Coronella austriaca). Mertensiella 7: 103-110
  • Schlüter, U. 2009. Die Schlangenfauna Europas. Draco 10 (39): 4-21 - get paper here
  • Schrank 1798. Fauna Boica, 1 : 291
  • Schubert, G.H. von 1886. Naturgeschichte des Tierreichs für Haus und Schule. Schreiber, Esslingen, 76 pp + 30 plates
  • Schweiger, M. 2012. Die Schlangenfauna der kroatischen Insel Krk. Ophidia 6 (2): 2-18 - get paper here
  • Simang, A. 2006. Außergewöhnliches Verhalten einer Schlingnatter (Coronella austriaca),. Elaphe 14 (2): 57-58
  • Sindaco, Roberto; Alberto Venchi, Giuseppe M. Carpaneto, Marco A. Bologna 2000. The Reptiles of Anatolia: a Checklist and Zoogeographical analysis. Biogeographia, 21-2000: 441-554.
  • Sos, T. 2008. Review of recent taxonomic and nomenclatural changes in European Amphibia and Reptilia related to Romanian herpetofauna. Herpetologica Romanica 2: 61-91
  • SOUND, P. 1999. Lacerta bilineata DAUDIN, 1802 predates on juvenile Coronella austriaca LAURENTI, 1768. Herpetozoa 12 (1-2): 85-86 - get paper here
  • Sparrman, A. 1795. K. Svenska Vetensk. Akad. Handl., 16: 180
  • Spellerberg, I. F. and Phelps, T. 1977. Biology, general ecology and behaviour of the snake, Coronella austriaca Laurenti. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 9: 133-164. - get paper here
  • Strijbosch, Henk; van Gelder, Jan J. 1993. Ökologie und Biologie der Schlingnatter, Coronella austriaca Laurenti, 1768 in den Niederlanden. Mertensiella (3): 39-58
  • Strugariu, A., Zamfirescu, A.R., Nicoară, A., Gherghel, I., Sas, I., Puşcaşu, C.M. & Bugeac, T. 2008. Preliminary data regarding the distribution and status of the herpetofauna in Iaşi County (Romania). North-Western Journal of Zoology 4 (Suppl.1): S1-S23 - get paper here
  • Stumpel, Anton H.P.; Bert van der Werf, D.C. 2012. Reptile habitat preference in heathland: implications for heathland management. The Herpetological Journal 22 (3): 179-182 - get paper here
  • Szczerbak, N.N. 2003. Guide to the Reptiles of the Eastern Palearctic. Krieger, Malabar, FL, 260 pp. - get paper here
  • Sztencel-Jabłonka, Anna, Tomasz D. Mazgajski, Stanisław Bury, Bartłomiej Najbar, Mariusz Rybacki, Wiesław Bogdanowicz and Joanna Mazgajska 2015. Phylogeography of the smooth snake Coronella austriaca (Serpentes: Colubridae): evidence for a reduced gene pool and a genetic discontinuity in Central Europe. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, DOI: 10.1111/bij.12496 - get paper here
  • Tillack, Frank; Christoph Kucharzewski, Aaron M. Bauer and Van Wallach 2008. Simotes semicinctus Peters, 1862, a junior synonym of Coronella austriaca Laurenti, 1768 (Squamata, Ser pentes, Colubridae). Zoosyst. Evol . 84 (1): 67 – 70
  • Trapp, B. 2007. Reptilien und Amphibien des griechischen Festlandes. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 300 pp. - get paper here
  • Trutnau, L. 1975. Europaische Amphibien und Reptilien. Belser Verlag, Stuttgart 212 pp.
  • Veith, G. 1991. Die Reptilien Bosniens und der Herzegowina. Teil 2. Herpetozoa 4 (1-2): 1-96 - get paper here
  • Venchi, Alberto and Roberto Sindaco 2006. Annotated checklist of the reptiles of the Mediterranean countries, with keys to species identification. Part 2 -Snakes (Reptilia, Serpentes). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale "G. Doria", Genova, XCVIII: 259-364
  • Völkl, Wolfgang & Käsewieter, Daniel 2003. Die Schlingnatter - ein heimlicher Jäger. Laurenti-Verlag, 152 pp. [review in Reptilia 11(2): 95]
  • Wallach V; Bauer A M 1997. On the identity and status of Simotes semicinctus Peters, 1862 (Serpentes: Colubridae). Hamadryad 21 [December 1996]: 13-18 - get paper here
  • Werner, F. 1904. Neue Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Reptilien- und Orthopterenfauna Kleinasiens. Zool. Anz. 28: 79-82 - get paper here
  • Wirth, Michael 2012. „Fieldherping“. Die erfolgreiche Suche nach Reptilien im Freiland. Terraria Elaphe 2012 (3): 16-23 - get paper here
  • Žagar, A., Carretero, M. A., Krofel, M., Lužnik, M., Podnar, M. & Tvrtković, N. 2014. Reptile survey in Dinara Mountain (Croatia) revealed the southernmost known population of Horvath’s rock lizard (Iberolacerta horvathi). Nat. Croat. 23 (1): 235–240 - get paper here
 
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:


Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator