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Correlophus ciliatus GUICHENOT, 1866

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Higher TaxaDiplodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Common NamesE: Crested Gecko, Eyelash Gecko
G: Kronengecko 
SynonymCorrelophus ciliatus GUICHENOT 1866: 249
Rhacodactylus ciliatus — BOULENGER 1883
Rhacodactylus ciliatus — BOULENGER 1885: 180
Rhacodactylus ciliatus — ROUX 1913: 102
Rhacodactylus ciliatus — WERMUTH 1965: 158
Rhacodactylus ciliatus — KLUGE 1993
Rhacodactylus ciliatus — RÖSLER 2000: 108
Correlophus ciliatus — BAUER et al. 2012
Rhacodactylus ciliatus — BAUER 2013 (plates) 
DistributionEC New Caledonia

Type locality: New Caledonia.  
TypesLectotype: MNHN-RA 701A (designated by Bauer 1990) 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus). Correlophus may be distinguished from all other New Caledonian diplodactylid geckos by the following combination of character states: body large (to 135 mm SVL); head large; tail approximately 80–92% of SVL; dorsal scalation granular, homogeneous or mostly so; extensive skin folds lacking, but small ventrolateral folds and folds on the posterior margins of the limbs present in some species; a pair of crests comprised of enlarged triangular scales extending from behind orbits and onto body dorsum, or pale markings delimiting the equivalent area; expanded undivided subdigital lamellae under all toes; webbing between digits weakly to moderately developed; claw of digit I of manus and pes positioned lateral to a single, undivided apical lamella; precloacal pores in two to three rows in males (40–60 pores in total), extending on to basal 40% of thighs; dorsal color pattern brown, olive, yellowish, reddish, or orangey usually with or without contrasting markings on the crown, vertebral area or on flanks; venter beige to color of dorsum. 
CommentPhoto on the cover of Herp. Review 31 (3), 2000.

Conservation: Maybe extinct according to BAUER & SADLIER (1993), but rediscovered on the Île des Pins in the 1990s (Storelli 1994; Seipp & Klemmer 1994; Kullmann 1995). Since then it has become one of the most popular of all lizard pets and is bred in at least the tens of thousands around the world (Baldwin & Repashy 1998; Both 1999; Bach 2006).

Type Species: Correlophus ciliatus Guichenot, 1866 is the type species of the genus Correlophus GUICHENOT 1866. 
  • Andrews, Robin M. 2017. Novel Eggshell of the New Caledonian Diplodactylid Gecko Species Correlophus ciliatus (= Rhacodactylus ciliatus) Journal of Herpetology 51 (2): 173-177.
  • Bach, S. 2004. Haltung und Nachzucht des Höckerkopfgeckos, Rhacodactylus auriculatus BAVAY 1869. Draco 5 (18): 82-87 - get paper here
  • Bach, S. 2006. Der Kronengecko, Rhacodactylus ciliatus. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 64 pp. - get paper here
  • Bauer, A. M. & SADLIER, R. A. (eds.) 2000. The herpetofauna of New Caledonia. Contributions to Herpetology, 17; Society for Study Amphibians and Reptiles, Ithaca, New York.
  • Bauer, A.M. 2013. Geckos - The Animal Answer Guide. Johns Hopkins University Press, 159 pp.
  • Bauer, A.M., and Sadlier, R.A. 2001. New data on the distribution, status, and biology of the giant New Caledonian geckos (Squamata: Diplodactylidae: Rhacodactylus spp.). Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 2 (1): 24-29 [2000] - get paper here
  • Bauer, Aaron M. 1995. Geckos of the genus Rhacodactylus. Reptiles 3 (7): 32-49
  • BAUER, AARON M.; TODD R. JACKMAN, ROSS A. SADLIER & ANTHONY H. WHITAKER 2012. Revision of the giant geckos of New Caledonia (Reptilia: Diplodactylidae: Rhacodactylus). Zootaxa 3404: 1–52 - get paper here
  • Bauer,A.M. & Sadlier,R.A. 1993. Systematics, biogeography and conservation of the lizards of New Caledonia. Biodiv. Lett. 1: 107-122
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1883. On the geckos of New Calendonia. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1883: 116—130. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Daza, Juan D. and Aaron M. Bauer 2012. Temporal Bones of the Gekkota Support Molecular Relationships within the Pygopodoidea. Journal of Herpetology 46 (3): 381-386. - get paper here
  • de Vosjoli, Philippe;Fast, Frank 1995. Notes from a herpetological field trip to New Caledonia, part two. Notes on three species of New Caledonian geckos of the genus Rhacodactylus. Vivarium 6 (6): 26-29;53-54
  • Gérard, Philippe. 1999. Rhacodactylus ciliatus, the enigmatic crested gecko. Reptilia (GB) (9):27-33 - get paper here
  • Giuseppe, Marco Di; Albert Martines Silvestre,Marco Luparello,Laura Faraci 2017. Post-Ovulatory Dystocia in Two Small Lizards: Leopard Gecko (Eublepharis macularius) and Crested Gecko (Correlophus ciliatus) Russ. J. Herpetol. 24 (2): 128-132 - get paper here
  • Good, D. A., A. M. Bauer & Sadlier, R.A. 1997. Allozyme evidence for the phylogeny of giant New Caledonian geckos (Squamata: Diplodactylidae: Rhacodactylus), with comments on the status of R. leachianus henkeli. Australian Journal of Zoology 45: 317-330 - get paper here
  • Grabar, Rachel D.; Casey A. Gilman, and Duncan J. Irschick 2016. Effects of Surface Diameter on Jumping Kinematics and Performance in Two Arboreal Gecko Species (Correlophus ciliatus and Rhacodactylus auriculatus) Herpetologica Mar 2016, Vol. 72, No. 1: 32-39.
  • Guichenot, A. 1866. Notice sur un nouveau genre de sauriens de la famille des geckotiens du Muséum de Paris. Mémoires de la Société Scientifique Naturelle de Chérbourg, 12:248-252.
  • Hamper, R. 2003. The Crested Gecko in Captivity. Eco Publishing, Lansing, MI, 69 pp.
  • Henkel, Friedrich Wilhelm 2008. Beobachtungen an Neukaledonischen Riesengeckos in der Natur. Draco 9 (36): 14-22 - get paper here
  • Klusmeyer, B. 1999. Rhacodactylus ciliatus (GUICHENOT, 1866). Sauria 21 (3) Suppl.: 467-470 - get paper here
  • Kunz, K. 2012. Bild schön! Fotografie von Terrarientieren. Reptilia (Münster) 17 (94): 20-26 - get paper here
  • Kwet, Axel 2013. Ist die Terraristik noch zu retten?. Terraria-Elaphe 2013 (5): 14-27 - get paper here
  • Love, B. & Hanley, K. &S. 2005. Rhacodactylus ciliatus, Crested Gecko, Eyelash gecko (Guichenot 1866). Reptilia (GB) (39): 43-46 - get paper here
  • Röll, B. & Henkel, F.W. 2003. Männlein oder Weiblein?. Reptilia (Münster) 8 (43): 68-71 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Rösler, Herbert 1995. Geckos der Welt - Alle Gattungen. Urania, Leipzig, 256 pp.
  • Roux,J. 1913. Les reptiles de de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et des îles Loyalty. In: Nova Caledonia, Recherches scientifiques en Nouvelle Calédonie et aux Iles Loyalty. Zoologie. (vol. 1, L. 2). Sarasin, F. & Roux,J. (eds.). C.W. Kreidel’s Verlag, Wiesbaden, pp. 79-160 - get paper here
  • SAMEIT, J. 2018. Anmerkung zum Alter eines Kronengeckos (Correlophus ciliatus Guichenot, 1866 Sauria 40 (3): 85-86 - get paper here
  • SANCHEZ, Mickaël 2015. A new locality for Correlophus ciliatus and Rhacodactylus leachianus (Sauria: Diplodactylidae) from Néhoué River, northern New Caledonia Herpetology Notes 8: 553-555 - get paper here
  • Schönecker, P. 2012. Insektenfreie Fütterung omnivorer Geckoarten im Terrarium – Ein Futter aus den USA hält Einzug in die Geckohaltung. Reptilia (Münster) 17 (97): 46-54 - get paper here
  • Schönecker, P. 2015. Rhacodactylus – Vielfältige Riesen aus Neukaledonien. Reptilia (Münster) 20 (113): 14-23 - get paper here
  • Schönecker, Patrick & Stefanie Schönecker 2008. Die Gattung Rhacodactylus. Draco 9 (36): 4-13 - get paper here
  • SCHÖNECKER, Patrick & Christian LANGNER 2012. Neue Namen und alte Bekannte – Gattungsrevision der Neukaledonischen Riesengeckos (Rhacodactylus) und weiterer Geckogattungen Neukaledoniens. Terraria-Elaphe 2012 (6): 58-65 - get paper here
  • Seipp R. Klemmer K. 1994. Wiederentdeckung von Rhacodactylus ciliatus Guichenot 1866 im Süden Neukaledoniens (Reptilia: Sauria: Gekkonidae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 74, (1-2): 199- 204
  • Vences M, Henkel FW & Seipp,R 2001. Molekulare Untersuchungen zur Phylogenie und Taxonomie der Neukaledonischen Geckos der Gattung Rhacodactylus (Reptilia: Gekkonidae). Salamandra 37 (2): 73-82 - get paper here
  • Wirth, Michael & Dennis Peukert 2008. Kobolde im Blätterdach – der Kronengecko, Rhacodactylus ciliatus. Draco 9 (36): 23-36 - get paper here
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