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Corytophanes cristatus (MERREM, 1820)

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Higher TaxaCorytophanidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Common NamesE: Smooth Helmeted Iguana
G: Helmleguan 
SynonymAgama cristata MERREM 1820: 50
Corytophanes cristatus — BOIE in SCHLEGEL 1827
Corytophanes cristatus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 174
Corytophanes cristatus — BOULENGER 1885: 101
Corytophanes cristatus — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 69
Corytophanes cristatus — TAYLOR 1956: 161
Corythophanes cristatus — ORTLEB & HEATWOLE 1965 (in error)
Corytophanes cristatus — PETERS et al. 1970: 101
Corytophanes cristatus — LINER 1994
Corytophanes cristatus — KÖHLER 2000: 74 
DistributionMexico (Veracruz, Yucatan, Campeche, Chiapas), Belize, Guatemala, Nicaragua,
Honduras, El Salvador ?, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia; elevation: 600-800 m

Type locality: Ceylon (in error). Restricted to Orizaba, Veracruz by SMITH & TAYLOR 1950. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesHolotype: unknown fide SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 69 
CommentNot listed for El Salvador by KÖHLER (2000).

Relative abundance in Honduras: infrequent

Type Species: Agama cristata MERREM 1820 is the type species of the genus Corytophanes BOIE 1827. 
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  • Bonetti, Mathilde 2002. 100 Sauri. Mondadori (Milano), 192 pp.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Breen, J. F. 1974. Encyclopedia of Amphibians and Reptiles. T.F.H. Publications, 576 pp.
  • Dost, W. 2005. Stichpunktartige Bemerkungen zu Pflege und zucht diverser Iguaniden. Iguana-Rundschreiben 18 (1): 16-24
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1837. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 4. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 570 pp. - get paper here
  • Gericke, F. 1983. Corytophanes cristatus, ein seltener Gast aus Mittelamerika. Sauria 5 (1): 21-24 - get paper here
  • Johnson, Jerry D.; Vicente Mata-Silva, Elí García Padilla, and Larry David Wilson 2015. The Herpetofauna of Chiapas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (3): 272–329. - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2000. Reptilien und Amphibien Mittelamerikas, Bd 1: Krokodile, Schildkröten, Echsen. Herpeton Verlag, Offenbach, 158 pp.
  • Köhler, G. & Zebenzui Quintana, A. 2003. Eiablage bei Corytophanes cristatus in der Natur. Iguana-Rundschreiben 16 (2): 21-22
  • Lee, J. C. 2000. A field guide to the amphibians and reptiles of the Maya world. Cornell University Press, Ithaca,
  • Lee, J.C. 1996. The amphibians and reptiles of the Yucatán Peninsula. Comstock, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, 500 pp.
  • McCranie, J. & Castañeda, F.E. 2005. The herpetofauna of Parque Nacional Pico Bonito, Honduras. Phyllomedusa 4 (1): 3-16 - get paper here
  • McCranie, James R. 2015. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with additions, comments on taxonomy, some recent taxonomic decisions, and areas of further studies needed. Zootaxa 3931 (3): 352–386 - get paper here
  • Merrem, B. 1820. Versuch eines Systems der Amphibien I (Tentamen Systematis Amphibiorum). J. C. Kriegeri, Marburg, 191 pp.
  • Ortleb, Edward; Heatwole, Harold 1965. Comments on some Panamanian lizards with a key to the species from Barro Colorado Island, C.Z. and vicinity. Caribbean Journal of Science 5(3-4):141-147.
  • Rojas-Morales, Julián Andrés, Héctor Fabio Arias-Monsalve y Gustavo A. González-Durán 2014. Anibios y reptiles de la región centro-sur del departamento de Caldas, Colombia. Biota Colombiana 15 (1): 73-93 - get paper here
  • Savage, J.M. 2002. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Costa Rica: A Herpetofauna Between Two Continents, Between Two Seas. University of Chicago Press, 934 pp. [review in Copeia 2003 (1): 205]
  • Schwenk, K.;Sessions, S. K.;Seale, D. M. Peccinini 1982. Karyotypes of the basiliscine lizards Corytophanes cristatus and Corytophanes hernandesii, with comments on the relationship between chromosomal and morphological evolution in lizards. Herpetologica 38 (4): 493-501 - get paper here
  • Scott, N.J. 1976. The abundance and diversity of the herpetofaunas of tropical forest litter. Biotropica 8 (1): 41-58
  • Smith,H.M. & Taylor,E.H. 1950. An annotated checklist and key to the reptiles of Mexico exclusive of the snakes. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 199: 1-253 - get paper here
  • Solís, J. M., L. D. Wilson, and J. H. Townsend. 2014. An updated list of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with comments on their nomenclature. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1: 123–144 - get paper here
  • Stuart, L. C. 1935. A contribution to a knowledge of the herpetology of a portion of the savanna region of Central Peten, Guatemala. University of Michigan Museum of Zoology Miscellaneous Publications 29: 1-56 - get paper here
  • Stuart, L. C. 1948. The amphibians and reptiles of Alta Verapaz Guatamala. Miscellaneous Publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan 69: 1-109 - get paper here
  • Sunyer, Javier 2014. An updated checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Nicaragua. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1 (2): 186–202. - get paper here
  • Taylor, E. H. 1956. A review of the lizards of Costa Rica. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 38 (part 1): 3-322 - get paper here
  • Townsend, J. H., J. R. McCranie and L. D. Wilson. 2004. Corytophanes cristatus (Merrem). Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (789: 1-6
  • Townsend, J. H., J. R. McCranie and L. D. Wilson. 2004. Corytophanes. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (788): 1-4 - get paper here
  • Townsend, J. H., L. D. Wilson, M. Medina-Flores, E. Aguilar-Urbina, B. K. Atkinson et al. 2012. A premontane hotspot for herpetological endemism on the windward side of Refugio de Vida Silvestre Texíguat, Honduras. Salamandra 48 (2): 92-114 - get paper here
  • Vieira, G. H. C., Colli, G. R. & Báo, S. N. 2005. Phylogenetic relationships of corytophanid lizards (Iguania, Squamata, Reptilia) based on partitioned and total evidence analyses of sperm morphology, gross morphology, and DNA data. Zoologica Scripta 34(6): 605-625.
  • Wagner, Philipp and Wolfgang Böhme 2009. On the Nomenclatural Status of Agama cristata Mocquard, 1905: A Reply to A. Barabanov (2008). Russ. J. Herpetol. 16 (2): 161-162 - get paper here
  • Wirth, Michael 2011. Lohnende Reiseziele für Amphibien- und Reptilienfreunde in Costa Rica. Draco 12 (45): 22-39 - get paper here
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