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Corytophanes cristatus (MERREM, 1820)

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Higher TaxaCorytophanidae, Iguania, Sauria (lizards) 
Common NamesE: Smooth Helmeted Iguana
G: Helmleguan 
SynonymAgama cristata MERREM 1820: 50
Corytophanes cristatus — BOIE in SCHLEGEL 1827
Corytophanes cristatus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 174
Corytophanes cristatus — BOULENGER 1885: 101
Corytophanes cristatus — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 69
Corytophanes cristatus — TAYLOR 1956: 161
Corythophanes cristatus — ORTLEB & HEATWOLE 1965 (in error)
Corytophanes cristatus — PETERS et al. 1970: 101
Corytophanes cristatus — LINER 1994
Corytophanes cristatus — KÖHLER 2000: 74 
DistributionMexico (Veracruz, Yucatan, Campeche, Chiapas), Belize, Guatemala, Nicaragua,
Honduras, El Salvador ?, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia; elevation: 600-800 m

Type locality: Ceylon (in error). Restricted to Orizaba, Veracruz by SMITH & TAYLOR 1950. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
CommentNot listed for El Salvador by KÖHLER (2000).

Relative abundance in Honduras: infrequent

Type Species: Agama cristata MERREM 1820 is the type species of the genus Corytophanes BOIE 1827. 
  • Beyer, M. 2003. Haltung und Nachzucht von Corytophanes cristatus (MERREM 1821). Iguana-Rundschreiben 16 (2): 23-29
  • Bonetti, Mathilde 2002. 100 Sauri. Mondadori (Milano), 192 pp.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Breen, J. F. 1974. Encyclopedia of Amphibians and Reptiles. T.F.H. Publications, 576 pp.
  • Dost, W. 2005. Stichpunktartige Bemerkungen zu Pflege und zucht diverser Iguaniden. Iguana-Rundschreiben 18 (1): 16-24
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1837. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 4. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 570 pp. - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2000. Reptilien und Amphibien Mittelamerikas, Bd 1: Krokodile, Schildkröten, Echsen. Herpeton Verlag, Offenbach, 158 pp.
  • Köhler, G. & Zebenzui Quintana, A. 2003. Eiablage bei Corytophanes cristatus in der Natur. Iguana-Rundschreiben 16 (2): 21-22
  • Lee, J. C. 2000. A field guide to the amphibians and reptiles of the Maya world. Cornell University Press, Ithaca,
  • Lee, J.C. 1996. The amphibians and reptiles of the Yucatán Peninsula. Comstock, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, 500 pp.
  • McCranie, J. & Castañeda, F.E. 2005. The herpetofauna of Parque Nacional Pico Bonito, Honduras. Phyllomedusa 4 (1): 3-16 - get paper here
  • Merrem, B. 1820. Versuch eines Systems der Amphibien I (Tentamen Systematis Amphibiorum). J. C. Kriegeri, Marburg, 191 pp.
  • Ortleb, Edward; Heatwole, Harold 1965. Comments on some Panamanian lizards with a key to the species from Barro Colorado Island, C.Z. and vicinity. Caribbean Journal of Science 5(3-4):141-147.
  • Schwenk, K.;Sessions, S. K.;Seale, D. M. Peccinini 1982. Karyotypes of the basiliscine lizards Corytophanes cristatus and Corytophanes hernandesii, with comments on the relationship between chromosomal and morphological evolution in lizards Herpetologica 38 (4): 493-501 - get paper here
  • Scott, N.J. 1976. The abundance and diversity of the herpetofaunas of tropical forest litter. Biotropica 8 (1): 41-58
  • Stuart, L. C. 1935. A contribution to a knowledge of the herpetology of a portion of the savanna region of Central Peten, Guatemala University of Michigan Museum of Zoology Miscellaneous Publications 29: 1-56 - get paper here
  • Taylor, E. H. 1956. A review of the lizards of Costa Rica. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 38 (part 1): 3-322 - get paper here
  • Townsend, J. H., L. D. Wilson, M. Medina-Flores, E. Aguilar-Urbina, B. K. Atkinson et al. 2012. A premontane hotspot for herpetological endemism on the windward side of Refugio de Vida Silvestre Texíguat, Honduras. Salamandra 48 (2): 92-114 - get paper here
  • Vieira, G. H. C., Colli, G. R. & Báo, S. N. 2005. Phylogenetic relationships of corytophanid lizards (Iguania, Squamata, Reptilia) based on partitioned and total evidence analyses of sperm morphology, gross morphology, and DNA data. Zoologica Scripta 34(6): 605-625.
  • Wagner, Philipp and Wolfgang Böhme 2009. On the Nomenclatural Status of Agama cristata Mocquard, 1905: A Reply to A. Barabanov (2008). Russian Journal of Herpetology 16 (2): 161-162 - get paper here
  • Wirth, Michael 2011. Lohnende Reiseziele für Amphibien- und Reptilienfreunde in Costa Rica. Draco 12 (45): 22-39 - get paper here
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