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Cricosaura typica GUNDLACH, 1863

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Higher TaxaXantusiidae (Cricosaurinae), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Cuban Night Lizard 
SynonymCricosaura typica GUNDLACH & PETERS, in PETERS 1863: 262
Cricosaura typica — BOULENGER 1885: 329
Cricosaura typica — FRIEDERICH 1978
Cricosaura typica — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 386
Cricosaura typica — NOONAN et al. 2013 
DistributionE Cuba (province of Oriente, coastal areas of Cabo Cruz)

Type locality: “südlichsten Theil der Insel Cuba, am Cabo Cruz”.  
TypesSyntypes: ZMB 4832, 5071 
DiagnosisDefinition (genus): see Savage 1963: 14 
CommentCricosaura typica is the only cricosaurine representative. It differs from the other xantusiids in possessing two frontonasal scales, one frontal scale, no parietal scale, and a fourth finger with four phalanges.

Habitat: rocks and decomposing plants.

Type species: Cricosaura typica GUNDLACH & PETERS, in PETERS 1863: 262 is the type species of the genus Cricosaura GUNDLACH & PETERS 1863. Cricosaura is the type genus of the subfamily Cricosaurinae SAVAGE 1963: 13. 
  • ARMAS, L.F., A. RAMS & A. TORRES 1987. Primeras observaciones sobre la alimentación de Cricosaura typica (Sauria: Xantusiidae) en condiciones naturales. Miscelánea Zoológica, 32: 1–2
  • Bauer, A.M.; Günther,R. & Klipfel,M. 1995. The herpetological contributions of Wilhelm C.H. Peters (1815-1883). SSAR Facsimile Reprints in Herpetology, 714 pp.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Crother B I 1988. Cricosaura Gundlach and Peters. Cuban night lizard. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles ( 443: 1-3 - get paper here
  • ESTRADA, A. R. & L. F. DE ARMAS 1998. Apuntes ecológicos sobre Cricosaura typica (Sauria: Xantusiidae) de Cuba. Carib. J. Sci. 34 (1–2): 157–160
  • Fong, A. & Irelis Bignotte-Giró 2009. Zur Kenntnis einer Unbekannten: Cricosaura typica, die Kuba-Nachtechse. Terraria 2009 (): 58-62
  • FONG, A., R. VIÑA & A. ARIAS 1999. Aspectos de la historia natural de Cricosaura typica (Sauria: Xantusiidae) de Cuba. Carib. J. Sci. 35 (1–2): 148–150
  • Friederich, Ursel 1978. Der Pileus der Squamata. Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde, Ser. A, Nr. 307: 1-64. - get paper here
  • Greer, A. E. 1985. Facial tongue-wiping in Xantusiid lizards: its systematic implications. Journal of Herpetology 19 (1): 174-175 - get paper here
  • Hass, C. A., and S. B. Hedges. 1992. Karyotype of the Cuban lizard Cricosaura typica and its implications for xantusiid phylogeny. Copeia 1992 (2): 563-565 - get paper here
  • MORENO, L.V. 1987. Primeras observaciones sobre Cricosaura typica GUNDLACH et PETERS (Squamata: Xantusiidae) en cautiverio. Ciencias Biológicas, 17: 104–108
  • Noonan, Brice P.; Jennifer B. Pramuk, Robert L. Bezy, Elizabeth A. Sinclair, Kevin de Queiroz, Jack W. Sites Jr. 2013. Phylogenetic relationships within the lizard clade Xantusiidae: Using trees and divergence times to address evolutionary questions at multiple levels. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, Volume 69, Issue 1, October 2013, Pages 109–122 - get paper here
  • Peters, W. 1863. Über eine neue von Hrn. Dr. Gundlach auf Cuba entdeckte Sauriergattung, Cricosaura typica Gundlach et Peters. Monatsb. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1863: 362-370.
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes, Carlos A. Mancina & Vilma Rivalta González 2013. REPTILES OF CUBA: CHECKLIST AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTIONS. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (144): 1-96 - get paper here
  • Savage, J. M. 1963. 'Studies on the Lizard Family Xantusiidae IV. The Genera. Contributions in Science, Los Angeles County Museum (71): 1 - 38 - get paper here
  • Savage, J.M. 1964. Studies on the Lizard Family Xantusiidae. V. The Cuban Night Lizard, Cricosaura typica Gundlach and Peters. Copeia 1964 (3): 536-542 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
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