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Crocodylus mindorensis SCHMIDT, 1935

IUCN Red List - Crocodylus mindorensis - Critically Endangered, CR

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Higher TaxaCrocodylidae (Crocodylia, crocodiles)
Common NamesE: Philippine crocodile
G: Philippinenkrokodil 
SynonymCrocodylus mindorensis SCHMIDT 1935: 68
Crocodylus novaeguineae mindorensis — WERMUTH 1953: 489
Crocodylus novaeguineae mindorensis — WERMUTH & MERTENS 1961: 365
Crocodylus mindorensis — SCHMIDT 1956: 535
Crocodylus mindorensis — WERMUTH & MERTENS 1977
Crocodylus mindorensis — ZIEGLER et al. 2011 
DistributionPhilippines (islands of Busuanga, Luzon, Masbate, Mindanao, Mindoro, Negros, Samar), Sulu Archipelago

Type locality: "the island of Mindoro, Philippines."  
TypesHolotype: FMNH 11135. 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Brown, R.M.; C.H. Oliveros; C.D. Siler; J.B. Fernandez; L.J. Welton; P.A.C. Buenavente; M.L.L. Diesmos; A.C. Diesmos 2012. Amphibians and Reptiles of Luzon Island (Philippines), VII: Herpetofauna of Ilocos Norte Province, Northern Cordillera Mountain Range. Check List 8(3):469-490 - get paper here
  • Brown; Rafe; Cameron Siler, Carl Oliveros, Luke Welton, Ashley Rock, John Swab, Merlijn Van Weerd, Jonah van Beijnen, Dominic Rodriguez, Edmund Jose, Arvin Diesmos 2013. The amphibians and reptiles of Luzon Island, Philippines, VIII: the herpetofauna of Cagayan and Isabela Provinces, northern Sierra Madre Mountain Range. ZooKeys 266 (2013) Special Issue: 1-120<br />doi: 10.3897/zookeys.266.3982 - get paper here
  • Feng, Ge; Wu, Xiaobing; Yan, Peng; Li, Xiaoqiang 2010. Two complete mitochondrial genomes of Crocodylus and implications for crocodilians phylogeny. Amphibia-Reptilia 31: 299-309 - get paper here
  • Gaulke, M. 1986. Beitrag zur Kenntnis des PHILIPPINEN KROKODILS CROCODYLUS mINDORENSIS. Herpetofauna 8 (40): 21-26 - get paper here
  • Hall, P.M. 1989. Variation in geographic isolates of the New Guinea crocodile (Crocodylus novaeguineae Schmidt) compared with the similar, allopatric, Philippine crocodile (C. mindorensis Schmidt). Copeia 1989 (1): 71-80 - get paper here
  • Hinlo, Ma. Rheyda P.; John A.G. Tabora, Carolyn A. Bailey, Steve Trewick, Glenn Rebong, Merlijn van Weerd, Cayetano C. Pomares, Shannon E. Engberg, Rick A. Brenneman & Edward E. Louis, Jr. 2014. Population genetics implications for the conservation of the Philippine Crocodile Crocodylus mindorensis Schmidt, 1935 (Crocodylia: Crocodylidae). Journal of Threatened Taxa 6 (3): 5513–5533 - get paper here
  • Kalikasan, P. 1983. Distribution and status of the Philippine crocodile (Crocodylus mindorensis). J. Biol. 12 (1-2): 169-173
  • Meganathan, P.R.; Bhawna Dubey, Mark A. Batzer, David A. Ray, Ikramul Haque 2010. Molecular phylogenetic analyses of genus Crocodylus (Eusuchia, Crocodylia, Crocodylidae) and the taxonomic position of Crocodylus porosus. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 57 (1): 393-402 - get paper here
  • Miles, Lee G.; Stacey L. Lance; Sally R. Isberg; Chris Moran; Travis C. Glenn 2009. Cross-species amplification of microsatellites in crocodilians: assessment and applications for the future. Conservation Genetics. 10:935–954 - get paper here
  • PAN, TAO; JIA-SHUN MIAO, HUA-BIN ZHANG, PENG YAN, PING-SHIN LEE, XIN-YUE JIANG, JIA-HUI OUYANG, YOU-PENG DENG, BAO-WEI ZHANG & XIAO-BING WU. 2021. Near-complete phylogeny of extant Crocodylia (Reptilia) using mitogenome-based data. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 191(4): 1075–1089. - get paper here
  • Penetrante Hinlo, Rheyda 2010. Population Genetics and Conservation of the Philippine Crocodile. Masters thesis, Massey University, Manawatu, New Zealand, 120 pp. - get paper here
  • Piras, Paolo; Luciano Teresi; Angela D. Buscalioni and Jorge Cubo 2009. The shadow of forgotten ancestors differently constrains the fate of Alligatoroidea and Crocodyloidea. Global Ecology and Biogeography (Global Ecol. Biogeogr.) 18: 30–40 - get paper here
  • Riosuke, A. 1985. Beobachtungen an Crocodylus mindorensis auf Mindoro, Philippinische Inseln. Herpetofauna 7 (34): 6-10 - get paper here
  • Ross, C.A., and A.C. Alcala. 1983. Distribution and status of the Philippine crocodile (Crocodylus mindorensis). Kalikasaan, Philippines. Journal of Biology 12 (1-2): 169-173
  • Schmidt, K.P. 1935. A new crocodile from the Philippine Islands. Field Museum of Natural History, Zoological Series, Chicago. 20 (8): 67-70 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, K.P. 1938. History of a paratype of Crocodylus mindorensis. Copeia 1938 (2): 89 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, K.P. 1956. On the status and relations of Crocodylus mindorensis. Fieldiana: Zoology 33 (5): 535-539 - get paper here
  • Sommerlad, R. 2011. Krokodile – Reptiliengiganten in Gefahr. Reptilia (Münster) 16 (87): 16-22 - get paper here
  • Sommerlad, R.; Schmidt, F. & Ziegler, T. 2011. Threatened crocodiles in European zoos? Reptilia (GB) ?: 12-17 - get paper here
  • Sommerlad, R.; Schmidt, F. & Ziegler, T. 2011. Bedrohte Krokodile in Europas zoologischen Gärten? Reptilia (Münster) 16 (87): 24-29 - get paper here
  • Trutnau, L. & Sommerlad, R. 2006. Krokodile - Biologie und Haltung. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 646 pp. [review in Reptilia Münster 11 (6): 95-96]
  • Trutnau, L. & Sommerlad, R. 2006. Crocodilians. Their natural history and captive husbandry. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 646 pp. [review in Reptilia GB 48: 8-10]
  • Wermuth, H. 1953. Systematik der Rezenten Krokodile. Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum im Berlin 29 (2): 375-514 - get paper here
  • Wermuth, H., and R. Mertens. 1961. Schildkröten, Krokodile, Brückenechsen. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Jena. xxvi + 422 pp.
  • Wermuth, H., and R. Mertens. 1977. Liste der rezenten Amphibien und Reptilien. Testudines, Crocodylia, Rhynchocephalia. Das Tierreich. Berlin. 100: i-xxvii, 1-174 - get paper here
  • Wermuth,H. & Fuchs,K. 1978. Bestimmen von Krokodilen und ihrer Häute. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart - New York, 100 pages, [ISBN 3-437-30268-X]
  • Willis, Ray E. 2009. Transthyretin gene (TTR) intron 1 elucidates crocodylian phylogenetic relationships. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 53 (3): 1049-1054 - get paper here
  • Ziegler, T.; A. Rauhaus & C. Niggemann 2015. Erstmals natürliche Aufzucht der vom Aussterben bedrohten Philippinenkrokodile (Crocodylus mindorensis) in Europa gelungen. Reptilia (Münster) 20 (115): 72-75 - get paper here
  • Ziegler, T.; R. Sommerlad, W. Brass, K. van der Straeten, D. Karbe & A. Rauhaus 2012. Philippinenkrokodile (Crocodylus mindorensis) im Aquarium des Kölner Zoos. Teil 2: Bau einer Schauanlage für eine der am stärksten bedrohten Krokodilarten der Welt. Reptilia (Münster) 17 (95): 41-55 - get paper here
  • Ziegler, T.; R. Sommerlad, W. Brass, K. van der Straeten, D. Karbe & A. Rauhaus 2012. Philippinenkrokodile (Crocodylus mindorensis) im Aquarium des Kölner Zoos. Teil 1: Erfahrungen mit „Off-Exhibit“- Haltung einer der am stärksten bedrohten Krokodilarten der Welt. Reptilia (Münster) 17 (94): 46-51 - get paper here
  • Ziegler, Thomas and Anna Rauhaus 2015. INDUCED NATURAL BREEDING OF THE PHILIPPINE CROCODILE (CROCODYLUS MINDORENSIS) AT THE COLOGNE ZOO. Crocodile Specialist Group Newsletter 34 (3): 9-11
  • Ziegler, Thomas; Ralf Sommerlad, Wolfgang Braß, Karin van der Straeten, Detlef Karbe & Anna Rauhaus 2011. Wie die Philippinenkrokodile an den Rhein kamen. Zeitschrift des Kölner Zoos 2011 (3): 119-141
  • Ziegler, Thomas; Theo B. Pagel, Rainier Manalo, Vicente Mercado, Nermalie Lita, Anson Tagtag 2021. Repatriation of Philippine Crocodiles from Europe for Reintroduction into the Wild. WAZA News 2021 (1): 12-16
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