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Crotalus adamanteus PALISOT DE BEAUVOIS, 1799

IUCN Red List - Crotalus adamanteus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake
G: Diamant-Klapperschlange 
SynonymCrotalus adamanteus PALISOT DE BEAUVOIS 1799
Crotalus adamanteus — BAIRD & GIRARD 1853: 3
Crotalus adamanteus STEJNEGER 1895
Crotalus durissus BOULENGER 1896
Crotalus adamanteus — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 234
Crotalus adamanteus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 276
Hoserea (Edwardsus) adamanteus — HOSER 2009
Crotalus adamanteus — CROTHER et al. 2012 
DistributionUSA (SE North Carolina, E/S South Carolina, S Mississippi, S Alabama, S Georgia, Florida, SE Louisiana)

Type locality: Not specifically stated in original description. Schmidt, 1953: 230, proposed restricting the type-locality
to "Charleston, South Carolina." Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesTYPE(S): None designated [McDIARMID et al. 1999] 
CommentVenomous!

Nomenclature: Hoser’s 2009 classification and nomenclature has been rejected as unnecessary and unavailable by WÜSTER & BERNILS 2011. 
References
  • Baird, S. F. and C. Girard. 1853. Catalogue of North American Reptiles in the Museum of the Smithsonian Institution. Part 1.-Serpents. Smithsonian Inst., Washington, xvi + 172 pp.
  • Böhme, W. 2005. Der “Savannah River Ecology Site” und seine herpetologischen Highlights. Herpetofauna 25 (142): 13-21 - get paper here
  • Braswell, A.L.; Palmer, W.M. & Beane, J.C. 2003. Venomous Snakes of North Carolina. North Carolina State Museum of Natural Sciences, 31 pp.
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Enge, Kevin M. 2009. Venomous and non-venomous snakes of Florida. Publication of the Florida Fish & Wildlife Conservation Commission. 16 pp.
  • Ernst, C.H., & Barbour, R.W. 1989. Snakes of eastern North America George Mason Univ. Press, Fairfax, VA 282 pp.
  • Hallmen, M. 2005. Farb- und Zeichnungszuchten in der Terraristik. Reptilia (Münster) 10 (55): 16-22 - get paper here
  • Hallmen, M. 2006. Selective Breeding for color and pattern. Reptilia (GB) (44): 12-18 - get paper here
  • Hoser, R. 2009. A reclassification of the rattlesnakes; species formerly exclusively referred to the genera Crotalus and Sistrurus. Australasian Journal of Herpetology 3: 1-21 - get paper here
  • Hoss, Shannon K.; Craig Guyer, Lora L. Smith, and Gordon W. Schuett 2010. Multiscale Influences of Landscape Composition and Configuration on the Spatial Ecology of Eastern Diamond-backed Rattlesnakes (Crotalus adamanteus). Journal of Herpetology 44 (1): 110–123 - get paper here
  • Hoss, Shannon K.; Gordon W. Schuett, Ryan L. Earley and Lora L. Smith 2011. Reproduction in Male Crotalus adamanteus Beauvois (Eastern Diamond-Backed Rattlesnake): Relationship of Plasma Testosterone to Testis and Kidney Dimensions and the Mating Season. Southeastern Naturalist, 10(1): 95-108
  • Krysko, K.K.; Enge, K.M.; Donlan, E.M.; Golden, E.Z.; Burgess, J.P. & Larson, K.W. 2009. THE NON-MARINE HERPETOFAUNA OF KEY BISCAYNE, FLORIDA. Herp. Cons. Biol. 5 (1):132-142 - get paper here
  • Lönnberg, Einar 1894. Notes on reptiles and batrachians collected in Florida in 1892 and 1893 Proc. US Natl. Mus. 17 (1003): 317-339 - get paper here
  • Love, W.B. & Love, K.V. 1979. Pure white rattlesnake [albinism]. Herpetological Review 10 (4): 113 - get paper here
  • Martin, William Henry and D. Bruce Means. 2000. Distribution and habitat relationships of the Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake (Crotalus adamanteus). Herpetological Natural History 7(1):9-34
  • McCranie J R 1980. Crotalus adamanteus Beauvois. Eastern diamondback rattlesnake. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles No. 252: 1-2 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid,R.W.; Campbell,J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Means, D. B. 2009. EFFECTS OF RATTLESNAKE ROUNDUPS ON THE EASTERN DIAMONDBACK RATTLESNAKE (CROTALUS ADAMANTEUS). Herp. Cons. Biol. 4 (2): 132-141
  • Meik, Jesse M and André Pires-daSilva 2009. Evolutionary morphology of the rattlesnake style. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2009, 9:35 - get paper here
  • Monzel, Markus M 2012. Gifte, Gifttiere, Menschen – eine Geschichte voller (Miss)Verständnisse Draco 13 (51): 4-25 - get paper here
  • Mutton, Nick 2012. Paradoxism. [color morphs] HerpNation 2.5 (8): 12-17 - get paper here
  • Palisot de Beauvois 1799. Trans American Philos. Soc. 4: 362-381
  • Palmer, W.M. & Braswell, A.L. 1995. Reptiles of North Carolina. Univ. North Carolina Press
  • Parkinson,C.L. 1999. Molecular systematics and biogeographical history of pitvipers as determined by mitochondrial ribosomal DNA sequences. Copeia 1999 (3): 576-586 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, Karl P. 1953. A Checklist of North American Amphibians and Reptiles. 6th ed. American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, Chicago, 280 pp. - get paper here
  • Smith, Chuck 1994. Crotalus adamanteus (eastern diamondback rattlesnake). USA: South Carolina Herpetological Review 25 (4): 166 - get paper here
  • Snyder, Richard C. 1945. Notes on the snakes of southeastern Alabama. Copeia 1945 (3): 173-174 - get paper here
  • Tennant, A. & Bartlett, R.D. 2000. Snakes of North America - Eastern and Central Regions. Gulf Publishing, Houston, TX, 588 pp.
  • Timmerman, Walt 1995. Eastern diamondback rattlesnake: A species in decline League of Florida Herpetological Societies 1995 (October): 19-23
  • Winchell, S. 2007. Klapperschlangen! Die Gattung Crotalus. Reptilia (Münster) 12 (66): 18-25 - get paper here
  • Wüster, W. & Bérnils, R.S. 2011. On the generic classification of the rattlesnakes, with special reference to the Neotropical Crotalus durissus complex (Squamata: Viperidae). ZOOLOGIA 28 (4): 417–419
 
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