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Crotalus adamanteus PALISOT DE BEAUVOIS, 1799

IUCN Red List - Crotalus adamanteus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake
G: Diamant-Klapperschlange 
SynonymCrotalus adamanteus PALISOT DE BEAUVOIS 1799: 368
Crotalus adamanteus — BAIRD & GIRARD 1853: 3
Crotalus adamanteus STEJNEGER 1895
Crotalus durissus BOULENGER 1896
Crotalus adamanteus — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 234
Crotalus adamanteus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 276
Crotalus adamanteus — ERNST & ERNST 2003: 487
Hoserea (Edwardsus) adamanteus — HOSER 2009
Crotalus adamanteus — CROTHER et al. 2012
Crotalus adamanteus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 188 
DistributionUSA (SE North Carolina, E/S South Carolina, S Mississippi, S Alabama, S Georgia, Florida, SE Louisiana)

Type locality: Not specifically stated in original description. Schmidt, 1953: 230, proposed restricting the type-locality
to "Charleston, South Carolina."  
TypesType: nondesignated (McDIARMID et al. 1999) 

Nomenclature: Hoser’s 2009 classification and nomenclature has been rejected as unnecessary and unavailable by WÜSTER & BERNILS 2011.

Hybridization: C. adamanteus hybridizes with C. horridus (Harrison et al. 2022). 
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  • Braswell, A.L.; Palmer, W.M. & Beane, J.C. 2003. Venomous Snakes of North Carolina. North Carolina State Museum of Natural Sciences, 31 pp.
  • Butler, J.A., T.W. Hull & R. Franz 1995. Neonatal aggregations and maternal attendance of young in the eastern diamondback rattlesnake, Crotalus adamanteus Copeia 1995 (1): 196-198. - get paper here
  • Camper, Jeffrey D. 2019. The Reptiles of South Carolina. University of South Carolina Press, 288 pp. [review in Copeia 107 (3): 590, 2019] - get paper here
  • Christman, S. P. 1980. Patterns of geographic variation in Florida snakes. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum of Biological Sciences 25 (3): 1 (157?)-256 - get paper here
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Dorcas, M.E., W.A. Hopkins & J. H. Roe 2004. Effects of body mass and temperature on standard metabolic rate in the Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake (Crotalus adamanteus) Copeia 2004 (1): 145-151. - get paper here
  • Emery, J.A. & R.K. Gray 1962. Dosage death-time relationship in chicks for venom of Crotalus adamanteus Copeia 1962 (1): 208-209. - get paper here
  • Enge, Kevin M. 2009. Venomous and non-venomous snakes of Florida. Publication of the Florida Fish & Wildlife Conservation Commission. 16 pp.
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  • Fill, Jennifer M.; Jayme L. Waldron, Shane M. Welch, Michael Martin, Jay Cantrell, Stephen H. Bennett, Wade G. Kalinowsky, John Holloway, and Timothy A. Mousseau 2015. Breeding and Reproductive Phenology of Eastern Diamond-Backed Rattlesnakes (Crotalus adamanteus) in South Carolina. Journal of Herpetology Dec 2015, Vol. 49, No. 4: 570-573. - get paper here
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  • Gooden, Rustin M., Thomas R. Rainwater and Steven G. Platt. 2013. Crotalus adamanteus (eastern diamondback rattlesnake) anti-predator behavior. Herpetological Review 44 (4): 688-689 - get paper here
  • Guyer, Craig; Mark A. Bailey, and Robert H. Mount 2018. Lizards and snakes of Alabama. University of Alabama Press, 397 pp. - get paper here
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  • HARRISON, CHAD M.; JOSEPH COLBERT, COLLIN J. RICHTER, PRESTON J. MCDONALD, LAUREN M. TRUMBULL, SCHYLER A. ELLSWORTH, MICHAEL P. HOGAN, DARIN R. ROKYTA & MARK J. MARGRES. 2022. Using Morphological, Genetic, and Venom Analyses to Present Current and Historic Evidence of Crotalus horridus x adamanteus Hybridization on Jekyll Island, Georgia. Southeastern Naturalist 21(2): 158–174. - get paper here
  • Hoser, R. 2009. A reclassification of the rattlesnakes; species formerly exclusively referred to the genera Crotalus and Sistrurus. Australasian J. Herpetol. 3: 1-21 - get paper here
  • Hoss, Shannon K.; Craig Guyer, Lora L. Smith, and Gordon W. Schuett 2010. Multiscale Influences of Landscape Composition and Configuration on the Spatial Ecology of Eastern Diamond-backed Rattlesnakes (Crotalus adamanteus). Journal of Herpetology 44 (1): 110–123 - get paper here
  • Hoss, Shannon K.; Gordon W. Schuett, Ryan L. Earley and Lora L. Smith 2011. Reproduction in Male Crotalus adamanteus Beauvois (Eastern Diamond-Backed Rattlesnake): Relationship of Plasma Testosterone to Testis and Kidney Dimensions and the Mating Season. Southeastern Naturalist 10 (1): 95-108 - get paper here
  • Jensen, John B.; Carlos D. Camp, Whit Gibbons, & Matt J. Elliott 2008. Amphibians and reptiles of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, 575 pp.
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  • Love, W.B. & Love, K.V. 1979. Pure white rattlesnake [albinism]. Herpetological Review 10 (4): 113 - get paper here
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  • Martin, William Henry and D. Bruce Means. 2000. Distribution and habitat relationships of the Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake (Crotalus adamanteus). Herpetological Natural History 7(1):9-34
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