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Crotalus adamanteus PALISOT DE BEAUVOIS, 1799

IUCN Red List - Crotalus adamanteus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesE: Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake
G: Diamant-Klapperschlange 
SynonymCrotalus adamanteus PALISOT DE BEAUVOIS 1799: 368
Crotalus adamanteus — BAIRD & GIRARD 1853: 3
Crotalus adamanteus STEJNEGER 1895
Crotalus durissus BOULENGER 1896
Crotalus adamanteus — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 234
Crotalus adamanteus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 276
Hoserea (Edwardsus) adamanteus — HOSER 2009
Crotalus adamanteus — CROTHER et al. 2012
Crotalus adamanteus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 188 
DistributionUSA (SE North Carolina, E/S South Carolina, S Mississippi, S Alabama, S Georgia, Florida, SE Louisiana)

Type locality: Not specifically stated in original description. Schmidt, 1953: 230, proposed restricting the type-locality
to "Charleston, South Carolina."  
TypesType: nondesignated (McDIARMID et al. 1999) 

Nomenclature: Hoser’s 2009 classification and nomenclature has been rejected as unnecessary and unavailable by WÜSTER & BERNILS 2011. 
  • Alencar, Laura RV; Martins, Marcio; and Greene, Harry W (January 2018. Evolutionary History of Vipers. eLS. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester. DOI: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0027455 - get paper here
  • Baird, S. F. and C. Girard. 1853. Catalogue of North American Reptiles in the Museum of the Smithsonian Institution. Part 1.-Serpents. Smithsonian Inst., Washington, xvi + 172 pp. - get paper here
  • Bauder, Javan M.; Dirk J. Stevenson, Christopher S. Sutherland and Christopher L. Jenkins 2017. Occupancy of Potential Overwintering Habitat on Protected Lands by Two Imperiled Snake Species in the Coastal Plain of the Southeastern United States. Journal of Herpetology 51 (1): 73–88 - get paper here
  • Böhme, W. 2005. Der “Savannah River Ecology Site” und seine herpetologischen Highlights. Herpetofauna 25 (142): 13-21 - get paper here
  • Braswell, A.L.; Palmer, W.M. & Beane, J.C. 2003. Venomous Snakes of North Carolina. North Carolina State Museum of Natural Sciences, 31 pp.
  • Camper, Jeffrey D. 2019. The Reptiles of South Carolina. University of South Carolina Press, 288 pp. [review in Copeia 107 (3): 590, 2019] - get paper here
  • Christman, S. P. 1980. Patterns of geographic variation in Florida snakes. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum of Biological Sciences 25 (3): 1 (157?)-256 - get paper here
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Enge, Kevin M. 2009. Venomous and non-venomous snakes of Florida. Publication of the Florida Fish & Wildlife Conservation Commission. 16 pp.
  • Ernst, C.H., & Barbour, R.W. 1989. Snakes of eastern North America. George Mason Univ. Press, Fairfax, VA 282 pp.
  • Fill, Jennifer M.; Jayme L. Waldron, Shane M. Welch, Michael Martin, Jay Cantrell, Stephen H. Bennett, Wade G. Kalinowsky, John Holloway, and Timothy A. Mousseau 2015. Breeding and Reproductive Phenology of Eastern Diamond-Backed Rattlesnakes (Crotalus adamanteus) in South Carolina. Journal of Herpetology Dec 2015, Vol. 49, No. 4: 570-573. - get paper here
  • Gooden, Rustin M., Thomas R. Rainwater and Steven G. Platt. 2013. Crotalus adamanteus (eastern diamondback rattlesnake) anti-predator behavior. Herpetological Review 44 (4): 688-689 - get paper here
  • Guyer, Craig; Mark A. Bailey, and Robert H. Mount 2018. Lizards and snakes of Alabama. University of Alabama Press, 397 pp. - get paper here
  • Hallmen, M. 2005. Farb- und Zeichnungszuchten in der Terraristik. Reptilia (Münster) 10 (55): 16-22 - get paper here
  • Hallmen, M. 2006. Selective Breeding for color and pattern. Reptilia (GB) (44): 12-18 - get paper here
  • Hoser, R. 2009. A reclassification of the rattlesnakes; species formerly exclusively referred to the genera Crotalus and Sistrurus. Australasian J. Herpetol. 3: 1-21 - get paper here
  • Hoss, Shannon K.; Craig Guyer, Lora L. Smith, and Gordon W. Schuett 2010. Multiscale Influences of Landscape Composition and Configuration on the Spatial Ecology of Eastern Diamond-backed Rattlesnakes (Crotalus adamanteus). Journal of Herpetology 44 (1): 110–123 - get paper here
  • Hoss, Shannon K.; Gordon W. Schuett, Ryan L. Earley and Lora L. Smith 2011. Reproduction in Male Crotalus adamanteus Beauvois (Eastern Diamond-Backed Rattlesnake): Relationship of Plasma Testosterone to Testis and Kidney Dimensions and the Mating Season. Southeastern Naturalist 10 (1): 95-108
  • Jensen, John B.; Carlos D. Camp, Whit Gibbons, & Matt J. Elliott 2008. Amphibians and reptiles of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, 575 pp.
  • Jungen, Michael T.; Zachary Ross, Johnathan Cooley, Michael D. Martin, John Holloway, Shane M. Welch & Jayme L. Waldron 2019. Monitoring Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnakes Using a Novel External Radio-Transmitter Attachment Method. Copeia 107 (3): 411-416 - get paper here
  • Krysko, K.K.; Enge, K.M.; Donlan, E.M.; Golden, E.Z.; Burgess, J.P. & Larson, K.W. 2009. THE NON-MARINE HERPETOFAUNA OF KEY BISCAYNE, FLORIDA. Herp. Cons. Biol. 5 (1):132-142 - get paper here
  • Lillywhite, Harvey B. 2014. How Snakes Work: Structure, Function and Behavior of the World's Snakes. Oxford University Press, New York, 256 pp
  • Lönnberg, Einar 1894. Notes on reptiles and batrachians collected in Florida in 1892 and 1893. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 17 (1003): 317-339 - get paper here
  • Love, W.B. & Love, K.V. 1979. Pure white rattlesnake [albinism]. Herpetological Review 10 (4): 113 - get paper here
  • Margres, Mark J.; Alyssa T. Bigelow, Emily Moriarty Lemmon, Alan R. Lemmon and Darin R. Rokyta 2017. Selection To Increase Expression, Not Sequence Diversity, Precedes Gene Family Origin and Expansion in Rattlesnake Venom. GENETICS 206 no. 3: 1569-1580 - get paper here
  • Martin, William Henry and D. Bruce Means. 2000. Distribution and habitat relationships of the Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake (Crotalus adamanteus). Herpetological Natural History 7(1):9-34
  • Mays, Jonathan D., Enge, Kevin M., Emerick, Adam and Hill, E. Pierson 2017. New island records for reptiles in the Florida Keys, Monroe County, Florida, USA. Herpetological Review 48 (1): 145-146 - get paper here
  • McCranie J R 1980. Crotalus adamanteus Beauvois. Eastern diamondback rattlesnake. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles ( 252: 1-2 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Meik, Jesse M and André Pires-daSilva 2009. Evolutionary morphology of the rattlesnake style. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2009, 9:35 - get paper here
  • Metcalf, M F; Marsh, A; Brosse, W & Herman, J E; 2019. Crotalus adamanteus (Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake) Endoparasite. Herpetological Review 50 (2): 389
  • Monzel, Markus M 2012. Gifte, Gifttiere, Menschen – eine Geschichte voller (Miss)Verständnisse. Draco 13 (51): 4-25 - get paper here
  • Mutton, Nick 2012. Paradoxism. [color morphs]. HerpNation 2.5 (8): 12-17 - get paper here
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Palis, J. G., Waldron, J. L., Bennett, S. H., Kalinowsky, W. G., Holmes, J. N., Barfield, Z. S., et al. 2012. Crotalus adamanteus (eastern diamondback rattlesnake) reproduction. Herpetological Review 43: 657-658
  • Palisot de Beauvois 1799. Memoir on amphibia. Serpents. Trans American Philos. Soc. 4: 362-381 - get paper here
  • Palmer, W.M. & Braswell, A.L. 1995. Reptiles of North Carolina. Univ. North Carolina Press
  • Parkinson,C.L. 1999. Molecular systematics and biogeographical history of pitvipers as determined by mitochondrial ribosomal DNA sequences. Copeia 1999 (3): 576-586 - get paper here
  • Parson, K M & Andrews, K M; 2019. Crotalus adamanteus (Eastern Diamond-backed Rattlesnake) Growth rate. Herpetological Review 50 (1): 153
  • Pezzano, V. 1987. The Diamond-back rattlesnake, Crotalus adamanteus (Beauvois, 1799) in the terrarium. Litteratura Serpentium 7 (4): 161-167 - get paper here
  • Philippen, Hans-Dieter P 2014. Vielfalt ist Trumpf. Draco 16 (57): 6-15 - get paper here
  • Saul, David 1967. A Field Trip in Northeastern Florida. Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 3 (3): 54-59 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, Karl P. 1953. A Checklist of North American Amphibians and Reptiles. 6th ed. American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, Chicago, 280 pp.
  • Smith, Chuck 1994. Crotalus adamanteus (eastern diamondback rattlesnake). USA: South Carolina. Herpetological Review 25 (4): 166 - get paper here
  • Snyder, Richard C. 1945. Notes on the snakes of southeastern Alabama. Copeia 1945 (3): 173-174 - get paper here
  • Spinner, L. 2017. Die Klapperschlangen der USA in Natur und Terrarium. Reptilia (Münster) 22 (124): 18-33 - get paper here
  • Stevenson, Dirk J. and Houston C. Chandler 2017. The Herpetofauna of Conservation Lands along the Altamaha River, Georgia. Southeastern Naturalist 16 (2):261-282 - get paper here
  • Strimple, Pete 1992. Report on the maintenance and growth of a juvenile Eastern diamondback rattlesnake, Crotalus adamanteus, during its first year in captivity. Litteratura Serpentium 12 (4): 85-88 - get paper here
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  • Timmerman, Walt 1995. Eastern diamondback rattlesnake: A species in decline. League of Florida Herpetological Societies 1995 (October): 19-23
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Winchell, S. 2007. Klapperschlangen! Die Gattung Crotalus. Reptilia (Münster) 12 (66): 18-25 - get paper here
  • Wüster, W. & Bérnils, R.S. 2011. On the generic classification of the rattlesnakes, with special reference to the Neotropical Crotalus durissus complex (Squamata: Viperidae). ZOOLOGIA 28 (4): 417–419
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