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Crotalus catalinensis CLIFF, 1954

IUCN Red List - Crotalus catalinensis - Critically Endangered, CR

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Catalina Island Rattlesnake
G: Santa-Catalina-Klapperschlange 
SynonymCrotalus catalinensis CLIFF 1954
Crotalus catalinensis — LINER 1994
Crotalus catalinensis — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 278
Hoserea (Crutchfieldus) catalinensis — HOSER 2009
Crotalus catalinensis — WILSON et al. 2013 
DistributionMexico (restricted to Santa Catalina Island in the Gulf of California

Type locality: "Isla Santa Catalina in the Gulf of California, [Baja California Sur] Mexico." Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: CAS-SUR 15631 
CommentVenomous!

Nomenclature: Hoser’s 2009 classification and nomenclature has been rejected as unnecessary and unavailable by WÜSTER & BERNILS 2011. 
References
  • Beaman, Kent R. and Nelson Wong 2001. Crotalus catalinensis Cliff Santa Catalina Island Rattless Rattlesnake. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (733):1-4 - get paper here
  • Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 1989. The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Comstock Publishing/Cornell University Press, Ithaca
  • Cliff, Frank S. 1954. Snakes of the islands in the Gulf of California, Mexico. Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History 12 (5): 67-98 - get paper here
  • Hoser, R. 2009. A reclassification of the rattlesnakes; species formerly exclusively referred to the genera Crotalus and Sistrurus. Australasian Journal of Herpetology 3: 1-21 - get paper here
  • Kisser, P. 1980. Zur Kernntnis der Klapperschlangen. Herpetofauna 2 (5): 6-10 - get paper here
  • Martins, Marcio; Gustavo Arnaud, and Hector Ávila-Villegas 2012. Juvenile Recruitment, Early Growth, and Morphological Variation in the Endangered Santa Catalina Island Rattlesnake Crotalus catalinensis. Herpetol. Cons. Biology 7 (3): - get paper here
  • McDiarmid,R.W.; Campbell,J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Meik, Jesse M and André Pires-daSilva 2009. Evolutionary morphology of the rattlesnake style. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2009, 9:35 - get paper here
  • Rabatsky, Ali, Travis LaDuc and Brad R. Moon. 2013. Crotalus catalinensis (Santa Catalina Island rattlesnake) diet. Herpetological Review 44 (2): 329-330
  • Wilson, Larry David; Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson 2013. A conservation reassessment of the reptiles of Mexico based on the EVS measure. Amphibian and Reptile Conservation 7 (1): 1–47 - get paper here
  • Wüster, W. & Bérnils, R.S. 2011. On the generic classification of the rattlesnakes, with special reference to the Neotropical Crotalus durissus complex (Squamata: Viperidae). ZOOLOGIA 28 (4): 417–419
 
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