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Crotalus estebanensis KLAUBER, 1949

IUCN Red List - Crotalus estebanensis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: San Esteban Island Rattlesnake
G: San Esteban-Klapperschlange
S: Cascabel de San Esteban 
SynonymCrotalus molossus estebanensis KLAUBER 1949
Crotalus molossus estebanensis — CLIFF 1954
Crotalus molossus estebanensis — LINER 1994
Crotalus estebanensis — GRISMER 1999
Crotalus molossus estebanensis — BEAMAN & HAYES 2008
Caudisona (Smythus) estebanensis — HOSER 2009
Crotalus estebanensis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 190
Crotalus estebanensis — DIAZ DE LA VEGA-PÉREZ 2016
Crotalus estebanensis — HEIMES 2016
Crotalus estebanensis — JOHNSON et al. 2017 
DistributionMexico (Sonora: Isla San Esteban)

Type locality: "San Esteban Island, Gulf of California, Mexico".  
TypesHolotype: SDNHM = SDSNH 26792. 
CommentVenomous! GRISMER (1999) elevated estebanensis to full species status based on morphology and coloration using an evolutionary species concept. 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Beaman, K.R. & Hayes, W.K. 2008. Rattlesnakes: Research Trends and Annotated Checklist. In: Hayes et al. (eds), The biology of rattlesnakes. Loma Linda University Press, pp. 5-16
  • Cliff, Frank S. 1954. Snakes of the islands in the Gulf of California, Mexico. Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History 12 (5): 67-98 - get paper here
  • Díaz de la Vega-Pérez, Aníbal H., Víctor H. Jimenez-Arcos, Rafael A. Lara-Resendiz, Fausto R. Méndez-de la Cruz and Ali Rabatsky. 2016. Crotalus estebanensis. Activity and thermoregulation. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (3): 739–741 - get paper here
  • Enderson, Erik F.; Adrian Quijada-Mascareñas; Dale S. Turner; Philip C. Rosen & Robert L. Bezy 2009. The herpetofauna of Sonora, Mexico, with comparisons to adjoining states. Check List 5 (3): 632–672 - get paper here
  • GARCÍA-PADILLA, ELI; JORGE H. VALDEZ VILLAVICENCIO, ANNY PERALTA GARCÍA 2018. Las Serpientes de Cascabel más allá del continente. Especies - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. Lee. 1999. An evolutionary classification of reptiles on islands in the Gulf of California, México. Herpetologica 55 (4): 446-469 - get paper here
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
  • Hoser, R. 2009. A reclassification of the rattlesnakes; species formerly exclusively referred to the genera Crotalus and Sistrurus. Australasian J. Herpetol. 3: 1-21 - get paper here
  • Johnson, J. D., L. D. Wilson, V. Mata-Silva, E. García-Padilla, and D. L. DeSantis. 2017. The endemic herpetofauna of Mexico: organisms of global significance in severe peril. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(3): 544–620 - get paper here
  • Klauber, Laurence M. 1949. Some new and revived subspecies of rattlesnakes. Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History 11 (6): 61-116 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR, Rorabaugh JC 2019. A conservation checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Sonora, Mexico, with updated species lists. ZooKeys 829: 131-160 - get paper here
  • Liner, E.A. 1994. Scientific and common names for the Amphibians and Reptiles of Mexico in English and Spanish. Herpetological Circular 23: 1-113
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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