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Crotalus pricei VAN DENBURGH, 1895

IUCN Red List - Crotalus pricei - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Serpentes (snakes) 
SubspeciesCrotalus pricei pricei VAN DENBURGH 1895
Crotalus pricei miquihuanus GLOYD 1940 
Common Namespricei: Western Twin Spotted Rattlesnake
miquihuanus: Eastern Twin Spotted Rattlesnake 
SynonymCrotalus pricei pricei VAN DENBURGH 1895: 856
Crotalus pricei VAN DENBURGH 1895
Crotalus pricei pricei SMITH 1946
Crotalus pricei — STEBBINS 1985: 233
Crotalus pricei pricei — LINER 1994
Crotalus pricei — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 291
Aechmophrys (Cottonus) pricei — HOSER 2009

Crotalus pricei miquihuanus GLOYD 1940
Crotalus triseriatus miquihuanus GLOYD 1940
Crotalus pricei miquihuanus — SMITH 1946
Crotalus pricei miquihuanus — LINER 1994
Crotalus pricei miquihuanus — BRYSON 2007 
DistributionUSA (SE Arizona), Mexico (W Sonora, E Chihuahua, W Durango, SE Coahuila, S Nuevo Leon,SW Tamaulipas, Aguascalientes)

miquihuanus: Mexico (SE Nuevo Leon, SW Tamaulipas, SE Coahuila); Type locality: "Cerro PotosI, near Galeana, Nuevo Leon"

pricei: USA (SE Arizona), Mexico (Durango); Type locality: "Huachuca Mts., [Cochise Co.,] Arizona." Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: CAS-SUR 1702
Holotype: FMNH 30850 [miquihuanus] 
CommentVenomous!

Reproduction: viviparous.

Nomenclature: Hoser’s 2009 classification and nomenclature has been rejected as unnecessary and unavailable by WÜSTER & BERNILS 2011. 
References
  • Alvarado-Diaz, J. & Campbell, J.A. 2004. A new montane rattlesnake (Viperidae) from Michoacán, Mexico. Herpetologica 60 (2): 281-286 - get paper here
  • Axtell, Ralph W.;Sabath, Michael D. 1963. Crotalus pricei miquihuanus from the Sierra Madre of Coahuila, Mexico. Copeia 1963 (1): 161-164 - get paper here
  • Beaman, K.R. & Hayes, W.K. 2008. Rattlesnakes: Research Trends and Annotated Checklist. In: Hayes et al. (eds), The biology of rattlesnakes. Loma Linda University Press, pp. 5-16
  • Bryson Jr, Robert W.; Robert W. Murphy,Matthew R. Graham, Amy Lathrop and David Lazcano 2011. Ephemeral Pleistocene woodlands connect the dots for highland rattlesnakes of the Crotalus intermedius group. Journal of Biogeography 38:
  • Bryson, R.W. 2007. Fotopirsch auf Gebirgsklapperschlangen. Reptilia (Münster) 12 (66): 32-37 - get paper here
  • Bryson, R.W. & Lazcano, D. 2003. Crotalus pricei miquihuanus. Reptilia (GB) (28): 43-46 - get paper here
  • Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 1989. The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Comstock Publishing/Cornell University Press, Ithaca
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Hoser, R. 2009. A reclassification of the rattlesnakes; species formerly exclusively referred to the genera Crotalus and Sistrurus. Australasian Journal of Herpetology 3: 1-21 - get paper here
  • Love, B. 2012. Heimliche Orte. Reptilia (Münster) 17 (96): 20-21 - get paper here
  • McCranie J R 1981. Crotalus pricei van Denburgh. Twin spotted rattlesnake. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles No. 266 1980[1981]: 1-2 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid,R.W.; Campbell,J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Meik, Jesse M and André Pires-daSilva 2009. Evolutionary morphology of the rattlesnake style. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2009, 9:35 - get paper here
  • Prival, D.B. et al. 2002. Natural history of a northern population of Twin-spotted Rattlesnake, Crotalus pricei. Journal of Herpetology 36 (4): 598-607 - get paper here
  • Prival, David B. and Michael J. Schroff 2012. A 13-Year Study of A Northern Population of Twin-Spotted Rattlesnakes (Crotalus pricei): Growth, Reproduction, Survival, and Conservation Herpetological Monographs 26 (1): 1-18. - get paper here
  • Stebbins,R.C. 1985. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, 2nd ed. Houghton Mifflin, Boston
  • Valdez Lares, R.; R. Muñiz-Martínez; E.Gadsden; G. Aguirre-León; G. Castañeda-Gaytán; R. Gonzalez-Tr 2013. Checklist of amphibians and reptiles of the state of Durango, México. Check List 9 (4):714-724 - get paper here
  • Van Denburgh, John 1895. Description of a new rattlesnake (Crotalus pricei) from Arizona. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (2) 5: 856-857 - get paper here
  • Vázquez Díaz, Joel;Quintero Díaz, Gustavo E. 2005. Anfibios y Reptiles de Aguascalientes [2nd ed.]. CONABIO, CIEMA, 318 pp.
  • Werning, Heiko 2012. Die Reptilien und Amphibien des Südwestens Draco 13 (50): 18-60 - get paper here
  • Wüster, W. & Bérnils, R.S. 2011. On the generic classification of the rattlesnakes, with special reference to the Neotropical Crotalus durissus complex (Squamata: Viperidae). ZOOLOGIA 28 (4): 417–419
 
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