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Crotalus triseriatus (WAGLER, 1830)

IUCN Red List - Crotalus triseriatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesWestern Dusky Rattlesnake, Central Plateau Dusky Rattlesnake 
SynonymCrotalus triseriatus triseriatus (WAGLER 1830)
Uropsophus triseriatus WAGLER 1830: 176
Urosophus triseriatus WAGLER 1830: 176 (fide TAYLOR 1949: 215)
Crotalus triseriatus — GRAY 1831
Crotalus triseriatus triseriatus — KLAUBER 1931
Crotalus triseriatus triseriatus — KLAUBER 1952: 19
Crotalus triseriatus triseriatus — DAVIS & SMITH 1953
Crotalus triseriatus anahuacus HARRIS & SIMMONS 1978
Crotalus triseriatus triseriatus — LINER 1994
Crotalus triseriatus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 296
Uropsophus triseriatus — HOSER 2009
Crotalus triseriatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 195 
DistributionMexico (WC Veracruz, Michoacan, Morelos, Hidalgo, Puebla);

Type locality: "Mexico." Proposed restriction to "Alvarez, San Luis Potosi, Mexico" by Smith and Taylor (1950:342). This restriction is not valid because C. t. triseriatus, as presently defined, does not range into the state of San Luis Potosi; Alvarez is the type-locality for C. t. aquilus [= Crotalus aquilus].  
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946.1.17.70, MCZ 33681 

Subspecies: Crotalus triseriatus armstrongi CAMPBELL 1978 has been elevated to full species status by BRYSON et al. 2014.

Distribution: Not listed for San Luis Potosí by Lemos-Espinal & Dixon 2013.

Nomenclature: Hoser’s 2009 classification and nomenclature has been rejected as unnecessary and unavailable by WÜSTER & BERNILS 2011. 
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  • Bryson Jr, Robert W.; Robert W. Murphy, Amy Lathrop and David Lazcano-Villareal 2011. Evolutionary drivers of phylogeographical diversity in the highlands of Mexico: a case study of the Crotalus triseriatus species group of montane rattlesnakes. Journal of Biogeography 38: 697–710 - get paper here
  • Bryson, R.W. 2007. Fotopirsch auf Gebirgsklapperschlangen. Reptilia (Münster) 12 (66): 32-37 - get paper here
  • BRYSON, ROBERT W.; JR., CHARLES W. LINKEM, MICHAEL E. DORCAS, AMY LATHROP, JASON M. JONES, JAVIER ALVARADO-DÍAZ, CHRISTOPH I. GRÜNWALD & ROBERT W. MURPHY 2014. Multilocus species delimitation in the Crotalus triseriatus species group (Serpentes: Viperidae: Crotalinae), with the description of two new species. Zootaxa 3826 (3): 475–496 - get paper here
  • Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 1989. The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Comstock Publishing/Cornell University Press, Ithaca
  • Castro-Franco, Rubén, María Guasalupe Bustos-Zagal 1994. List of reptiles of Morelos, Mexico, and their distribution in relation to vegetation types. Southwestern Naturalist 39 (2): 171-175 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1885. Twelfth contribution to the herpetology of tropical America. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 22: 167-194 [1884] - get paper here
  • Davis, William B.; Smith, Hobart M. 1953. Snakes of the Mexican state of Morelos. Herpetologica 8: 133-149 - get paper here
  • Domínguez-Guerrero, Saúl F. and Leonardo Fernández-Badillo. 2016. Crotalus triseriatus (Mexican Dusky Rattlesnake) Diet. Herpetological Review 47 (1): 144-145 - get paper here
  • Dorcas, M.E. 1992. Relationships among montane populations of Crotalus lepidus and Crotalus triseriatus in: Campbell, J.A. & Brodie, E.D. (eds.) Biology of the Pitvipers. Selva, Tyler, Texas. ISBN 0-9630536-0-1
  • Fernández-Badillo, L., J. L. Jiménez-Villegas, G. T. González-Bonilla, N. Morales-Capellán, M. B. Ramírez-Cruz, and D. A. Hernández-Silva. 2017. Crotalus triseriatus Wagler, 1830. Mexico, Hidalgo. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(4): 969–971 - get paper here
  • Güizado-Rodríguez, Martha Anahí, Christopher Duifhuis-Rivera, Rolando Jonathan Maceda-Cruz, Israel Solano-Zavaleta and Uri Omar García-Vázquez. 2016. Notes on the diet of the Mexican Dusky Rattlesnake, Crotalus triseriatus (Viperidae). Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (3): 743–746 - get paper here
  • Harris, Herbert S. & Simmons, Robert S. 1978. A preliminary account of the rattlesnakes with the descriptions of four new subspecies. Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 14 (3): 105-211 [1977] - get paper here
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  • Klauber, Laurence M. 1952. Taxonomic studies on rattlesnakes of Mainland Mexico. Bulletins of the Zoological Society of San Diego (26): 1-143
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  • McCranie, J.R. & Wilson, L.D. 1979. Commentary on taxonomic practice in regional herpetological publications: a review of the rattlesnakes with the description of four new subspecies [by HARRIS & SIMMONS 1978]. Herpetological Review 10 (1): 18-21 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
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  • Pérez-Mendoza, Hibraim Adán; Salomón Rubén Sanabria-Tobón, José Luis Jaramillo-Alba, Israel Solano-Zavaleta, Luis Felipe Vázquez-Vega, and Aníbal Helios Díaz de la Vega-Pérez 2017. Reproductive Traits of Dusky Rattlesnakes (Crotalus triseriatus) in Central Mexico Journal of Herpetology Mar 2018, Vol. 52, No. 1: 6-11.
  • Schmidt, Karl P.;Shannon, Frederick A. 1947. Notes on amphibians and reptiles of Michoacan, Mexico. Zoological Series of Field Museum of Natural History 31 (9): 63-85
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  • Sunny A, Gandarilla-Aizpuro FJ, Monroy-Vilchis O, Zarco-Gonzalez MM 2019. Potential distribution and habitat connectivity of Crotalus triseriatus in Central Mexico. Herpetozoa 32: 139-148 - get paper here
  • Taylor,E.H. 1949. A preliminary account of the herpetology of the state of San Luis Potosi, Mexico. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 33 (2): 169-215 - get paper here
  • Wagler, Jean G. 1830. Natürliches System der Amphibien, mit vorangehender Classification der Säugetiere und Vögel. Ein Beitrag zur vergleichenden Zoologie. 1.0. Cotta, München, Stuttgart, and Tübingen, 354 pp.
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  • Wüster, W. & Bérnils, R.S. 2011. On the generic classification of the rattlesnakes, with special reference to the Neotropical Crotalus durissus complex (Squamata: Viperidae). ZOOLOGIA 28 (4): 417–419
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