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Crotalus triseriatus WAGLER, 1830

IUCN Red List - Crotalus triseriatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesWestern Dusky Rattlesnake, Central Plateau Dusky Rattlesnake 
SynonymUropsophus triseriatus WAGLER 1830: 176
Urosophus triseriatus WAGLER 1830: 176 (fide TAYLOR 1949: 215)
Crotalus triseriatus — GRAY 1831
Crotalus pallidus GÜNTHER 1895 (fide BOULENGER 1896: 581)
Crotalus triseriatus triseriatus — KLAUBER 1931
Crotalus triseriatus triseriatus — KLAUBER 1952: 19
Crotalus triseriatus triseriatus — DAVIS & SMITH 1953
Crotalus triseriatus anahuacus HARRIS & SIMMONS 1978
Crotalus triseriatus triseriatus — LINER 1994
Crotalus triseriatus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 296
Uropsophus triseriatus — HOSER 2009
Crotalus triseriatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 195 
DistributionMexico (WC Veracruz, Michoacan, Morelos, Hidalgo, Puebla);

Type locality: "Mexico." Proposed restriction to "Alvarez, San Luis Potosi, Mexico" by Smith and Taylor (1950:342). This restriction is not valid because C. t. triseriatus, as presently defined, does not range into the state of San Luis Potosi; Alvarez is the type-locality for C. t. aquilus [= Crotalus aquilus].  
Reproductionviviparous. 
TypesSyntypes: ZMB 2908 – 2911
Holotype: BMNH 1946.1.17.70 (formerly BMNH 1868.4.7.23) [Crotalus pallidus]
Holotype: MCZ 33681 [anahuacus] 
Diagnosis 
CommentVenomous!

Subspecies: Crotalus triseriatus armstrongi CAMPBELL 1978 has been elevated to full species status by BRYSON et al. 2014.

Distribution: Not listed for San Luis Potosí by Lemos-Espinal & Dixon 2013.

Nomenclature: Hoser’s 2009 classification and nomenclature has been rejected as unnecessary and unavailable by WÜSTER & BERNILS 2011. 
Etymology 
References
  • Arenas, Carlos Yañez; A. Townsend Peterson, Pierre Mokondoko, Octavio Rojas-Soto, Enrique Martínez-Meyer 2014. The Use of Ecological Niche Modeling to Infer Potential Risk Areas of Snakebite in the Mexican State of Veracruz. PLoS One 9 (6): e100957. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0100957 - get paper here
  • Beaman, K.R. & Hayes, W.K. 2008. Rattlesnakes: Research Trends and Annotated Checklist. In: Hayes et al. (eds), The biology of rattlesnakes. Loma Linda University Press, pp. 5-16
  • Bryson Jr, Robert W.; Robert W. Murphy, Amy Lathrop and David Lazcano-Villareal 2011. Evolutionary drivers of phylogeographical diversity in the highlands of Mexico: a case study of the Crotalus triseriatus species group of montane rattlesnakes. Journal of Biogeography 38: 697–710 - get paper here
  • Bryson, R.W. 2007. Fotopirsch auf Gebirgsklapperschlangen. Reptilia (Münster) 12 (66): 32-37 - get paper here
  • BRYSON, ROBERT W.; JR., CHARLES W. LINKEM, MICHAEL E. DORCAS, AMY LATHROP, JASON M. JONES, JAVIER ALVARADO-DÍAZ, CHRISTOPH I. GRÜNWALD & ROBERT W. MURPHY 2014. Multilocus species delimitation in the Crotalus triseriatus species group (Serpentes: Viperidae: Crotalinae), with the description of two new species. Zootaxa 3826 (3): 475–496 - get paper here
  • Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 1989. The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Comstock Publishing/Cornell University Press, Ithaca
  • Castro-Franco, Rubén, María Guasalupe Bustos-Zagal 1994. List of reptiles of Morelos, Mexico, and their distribution in relation to vegetation types. Southwestern Naturalist 39 (2): 171-175 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1885. Twelfth contribution to the herpetology of tropical America. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 22: 167-194 [1884] - get paper here
  • Davis, William B.; Smith, Hobart M. 1953. Snakes of the Mexican state of Morelos. Herpetologica 8: 133-149 - get paper here
  • Domínguez-Guerrero, Saúl F. and Leonardo Fernández-Badillo. 2016. Crotalus triseriatus (Mexican Dusky Rattlesnake) Diet. Herpetological Review 47 (1): 144-145 - get paper here
  • Dorcas, M.E. 1992. Relationships among montane populations of Crotalus lepidus and Crotalus triseriatus in: Campbell, J.A. & Brodie, E.D. (eds.) Biology of the Pitvipers. Selva, Tyler, Texas. ISBN 0-9630536-0-1
  • Fernández-Badillo, L., J. L. Jiménez-Villegas, G. T. González-Bonilla, N. Morales-Capellán, M. B. Ramírez-Cruz, and D. A. Hernández-Silva. 2017. Crotalus triseriatus Wagler, 1830. Mexico, Hidalgo. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(4): 969–971 - get paper here
  • Güizado-Rodríguez, Martha Anahí, Christopher Duifhuis-Rivera, Rolando Jonathan Maceda-Cruz, Israel Solano-Zavaleta and Uri Omar García-Vázquez. 2016. Notes on the diet of the Mexican Dusky Rattlesnake, Crotalus triseriatus (Viperidae). Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (3): 743–746 - get paper here
  • Harris, Herbert S. & Simmons, Robert S. 1978. A preliminary account of the rattlesnakes with the descriptions of four new subspecies. Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 14 (3): 105-211 [1977] - get paper here
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
  • Hoser, R. 2009. A reclassification of the rattlesnakes; species formerly exclusively referred to the genera Crotalus and Sistrurus. Australasian J. Herpetol. 3: 1-21 - get paper here
  • Kalki, Y; Schramer, T D; West, T R & Wylie, D B; 2019. Crotalus triseriatus (Mexican Dusky Rattlesnake) Diet Herpetological Review 50 (3): 590
  • Kisser, P. 1980. Zur Kernntnis der Klapperschlangen. Herpetofauna 2 (5): 6-10 - get paper here
  • Klauber, Laurence M. 1938. Notes from a herpetological diary, I. Copeia 1938 (4): 191-197 - get paper here
  • Klauber, Laurence M. 1940. Notes from a herpetological diary, II. Copeia 1940 (1): 15-18 - get paper here
  • Klauber, Laurence M. 1952. Taxonomic studies on rattlesnakes of Mainland Mexico. Bulletins of the Zoological Society of San Diego (26): 1-143
  • Langner, Christian 2014. Herpetologische Beobachtungen im Lebensraum von Abronia deppii im Valle de Bravo, Estado de México, Mexiko. Terraria-Elaphe 2014 (2): 46-55 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A., Geoffrey R. Smith 2015. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Hidalgo, Mexico. Check List 11 (3): 1642 - get paper here
  • McCranie, J.R. & Wilson, L.D. 1979. Commentary on taxonomic practice in regional herpetological publications: a review of the rattlesnakes with the description of four new subspecies [by HARRIS & SIMMONS 1978]. Herpetological Review 10 (1): 18-21 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Meik, Jesse M and André Pires-daSilva 2009. Evolutionary morphology of the rattlesnake style. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2009, 9:35 - get paper here
  • Montiel-Canales, G., Lara-Tufiño, J.D. & Mayer-Goyenechea, I.G. 2017. Geographic Distribution: Crotalus triseriatus (Mexican Dusky Rattlesnake). Herpetological Review 48 (4): 813 - get paper here
  • Pérez-Mendoza, Hibraim Adán; Salomón Rubén Sanabria-Tobón, José Luis Jaramillo-Alba, Israel Solano-Zavaleta, Luis Felipe Vázquez-Vega, and Aníbal Helios Díaz de la Vega-Pérez 2017. Reproductive Traits of Dusky Rattlesnakes (Crotalus triseriatus) in Central Mexico Journal of Herpetology Mar 2018, Vol. 52, No. 1: 6-11.
  • Schmidt, Karl P.;Shannon, Frederick A. 1947. Notes on amphibians and reptiles of Michoacan, Mexico. Zoological Series of Field Museum of Natural History 31 (9): 63-85
  • Smith, Hobart M. 1946. Preliminary notes and speculations on the triseriatus group of rattlesnakes in Mexico. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 31 (3): 75-101 - get paper here
  • Sunny A, Gandarilla-Aizpuro FJ, Monroy-Vilchis O, Zarco-Gonzalez MM 2019. Potential distribution and habitat connectivity of Crotalus triseriatus in Central Mexico. Herpetozoa 32: 139-148 - get paper here
  • Taylor,E.H. 1949. A preliminary account of the herpetology of the state of San Luis Potosi, Mexico. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 33 (2): 169-215 - get paper here
  • Valencia, J. H., K. Garzón-Tello & M. E. Barragán-Paladines 2016. Serpientes venenosas del Ecuador: sistemática, taxonomía, historia natural, conservación, envenenamiento y aspectos antropológicos. Quito, Ecuador, Fundación Herpetológica Gustavo Orcés, Universidad de Texas, Fondo Ambiental Nacional, 652 pp. [review in HR 49 (1): 152, 2018]
  • Vite-Silva, Victor D.; Aurelio Ramírez-Bautista y Uriel Hernández-Salinas 2010. Diversidad de anfibios y reptiles de la Reserva de la Biosfera Barranca de Metztitlán, Hidalgo, México Diversity of amphibians and reptiles from the Barranca de Metztitlán Biosphera Reserve in Hidalgo, Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 81: 473- 485
  • Wagler, Jean G. 1830. Natürliches System der Amphibien, mit vorangehender Classification der Säugetiere und Vögel. Ein Beitrag zur vergleichenden Zoologie. 1.0. Cotta, München, Stuttgart, and Tübingen, 354 pp.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Woolrich-Piña, G. A., E. García-Padilla, D. L. DeSantis, J. D. Johnson, V. Mata-Silva, and L. D. Wilson. 2017. The herpetofauna of Puebla, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(4): 791–884
  • Wüster, W. & Bérnils, R.S. 2011. On the generic classification of the rattlesnakes, with special reference to the Neotropical Crotalus durissus complex (Squamata: Viperidae). ZOOLOGIA 28 (4): 417–419
 
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