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Cryptoblepharus boutonii (DES JARDIN, 1831)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Eugongylinae (Eugongylini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Snake-eyed Skink 
SynonymScincus boutonii DES JARDINS 1831: 298
Ablepharus peronii DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 813 (part.)
Cryptoblepharus boutonii — GRAY 1845: 64
Ablepharus Boutonii STRAUCH 1868: 370, 566
Ablepharus boutoni — BOULENGER 1887: 347
Ablepharus peroni — STERNFELD 1918: 421
Cryptoblepharus boutonii — MERTENS 1928
Ablepharus boutonii boutonii — MERTENS 1931: 171
Cryptoblepharus boutoni — GREER 1974: 21
Ablephorus boutoni — ZOOLOGICAL RECORD
Cryptoblepharus boutonii — GLAW & VENCES 1994: 308
Cryptoblepharus boutonii — HORNER 2007 
DistributionMauritius and nearby islets (Cap Malhéreux, Pointe Lafayette and Rock Mécusson (basalt outcrop on Palmar Beach, Coin de Mire [Gunner’s Quoin], de la Passe, Forquet, and Round Island) (Brygoo 1986), Mascarene Islands.

Type locality: Quartier de Flacq, Mauritius.  
TypesSyntypes: MNHN-RA 1607 (3097), 1607A 
CommentSubspecies: Mertens (1928, 1931) distinguished more than 30 “forms” of this species, most of which he considered as subspecies. Other authors consider some of them as valid species, some as mere “variations”. Most forms have been also named (or confused with) [Crypto-]Ablepharus peronii. BRYGOO (1986) synonymized Cryptoblepharus boutonii mayottensis MERTENS 1928: 83 with Cryptoblepharus (boutonii) gloriosus (Stejneger). Many of these forms are now considered as valid species.

Diet: Canaris (1973) recorded stomach contents of 82 specimens as comprising 70% marine crustaceans and 27% insect remains.

Habitat: coastal habitats, hence sometimes classified as (partly) “marine”. See Diet. 
EtymologyNamed for Louis Bouton, a French botanist. 
  • Adler,G.H.; Austin,C.C. & Dudley,R. 1995. Dispersal and speciation of skinks among archipelagos in the tropical Pacific Ocean. Evolutionary Ecology 9: 529-541 - get paper here
  • ANDREONE F., F. GLAW, R. A. NUSSBAUM, C. J. RAXWORTHY, M. VENCES, and J. E. RANDRIANIRINA 2003. The amphibians and reptiles of Nosy Be (NW Madagascar) and nearby islands: a case study of diversity and conservation of an insular fauna. Journal of Natural History 37 (17): 2119–2149 - get paper here
  • Andreone, F. & Greer, A.E. 2002. Malagasy scincid lizards: descriptions of nine new species, with notes on the morphology, reproduction and taxonomy of some previously described species (Reptilia, Squamata: Scincidae). Journal of Zoology 258, 139-181 - get paper here
  • Barbour, T. & LOVERIDGE,A. 1929. Typical reptiles and amphibians in the Museum of Comparative Zoology. [type catalogue] Bull. Mus. comp. Zool. Harvard 69: 205-360 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boettger, O. 1881. Diagnoses reptilium et batrachiorum novorum ab ill. Antonio Stumpff in insula Nossi-Bé Madagascariensi lectorum. Zool. Anz. 4 (87): 358-362 - get paper here
  • Boettger, O. 1913. Reptilien und Amphibien von Madagascar, den Inseln und dem Festland Ostafrikas. Pp. 269-375. In: Voeltzkow, A. Reise in Ostafrika in den Jahren 1903-1905. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse. Vol. 3. Systematische Arbeiten. Schweizerbart’ sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Nägele und Sproesser, Stuttgart - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1897. List of the reptiles and batrachians collected by Mr. Alfred Everett in Lombok, Flores, Sumba and Saru, with descriptions of new species. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (6) 19: 503-509 - get paper here
  • Branch, William R. 1993. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers, 144 S.
  • Broadley, D. G. & HOWELL, K. M. 1991. A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys. Syntarsus 1: 1—70
  • Brygoo, E.R. 1986. Systématique des lézards scincidés de la région malgache. XVIII. Les Cryptoblepharus. Bulletin du Musée National d’Histoire Naturelle 8(3): 643–690
  • Bullock, David J. 1986. The Ecology and Conservation of Reptiles on Round Island and Gunner's Quoin, Mauritius. Biological Conservation 37: 135 156 - get paper here
  • Burt, Charles E.; Burt, May Danheim 1932. Herpetological results of the Whitney South Sea Expedition. VI. Pacific island amphibians and reptiles in the collection of the American Museum of Natural History. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 63 (5): 461-597 - get paper here
  • Desjardin, J. 1831. Sur trois espèces de lézard du genre scinque, qui habitent l'île Maurice (Ile-de-France). Ann. Sci. Nat. Paris 22: 292-299 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol. 5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • Gardner, Charlie and Louise Jasper 2010. New locality records for Phelsuma breviceps and Cryptoblepharus boutonii ssp. from Andavadoaka, southwest Madagascar. Herpetology Notes 3: 233-235
  • Glaw ,F. & Vences, M. 1994. A Fieldguide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Vences & Glaw Verlag, Köln (ISBN 3-929449-01-3)
  • Greer, A.E. 1974. The generic relationships of the scincid lizard genus Leiolopisma and its relatives. Australian Journal of Zoology 31: 1-67. - get paper here
  • Günther, A.C.L.G. 1874. A contribution to the Fauna of Savage Island. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1874: 295-297 - get paper here
  • Haacke, W.D. 1975. Bouton's Snake-eyed Skink. A new Record from the Coast of Africa. J. Herp. Assoc. Africa (14): 10-11 - get paper here
  • Haacke, W.D. 2002. Variation in population size of Bouton’s snake-eyed skink (Reptilia: Scincidae) at Black Rock in northern KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Koedoe 45 (1): 93-100 - get paper here
  • Hallowell, E. 1861. Report upon the Reptilia of the North Pacific Exploring Expedition, under command of Capt. John Rogers, U. S. N. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 12 [1860]: 480 - 510 - get paper here
  • HONSTERETTE, E. & PROBST, J-M. 1999. Redécouverte d’un reptile considérer comme disparu depuis plus de 130 ans à La Réunion, le Scinque de Bouton Cryptoblepharus boutonii. Bulletin Phaethon 9 : 1-3.
  • Horner, P. 2007. Systematics of the snake-eyed skinks, Cryptoblepharus Wiegmann (Reptilia: Squamata: Scincidae) - an Australian based review. The Beagle Supplement 3: 21-198
  • Krause, P. 2004. Erfahrungen bei der Terrarienhaltung des Skinkes Cryptoblepharus boutonii cognatus (BOETTGER 1881). Elaphe 12 (3): 35-38
  • Krüger, Jens 1999. Neue Erkenntnisse zur Faunistik einiger Reptilien Madagaskars. Salamandra 35 (2): 65-76 - get paper here
  • Meerman, J.C. 1979. Enkele herpetologische waarnemingen in Tanzania. Lacerta 37 (10-11): 154-163 - get paper here
  • Meirte,D. 1999. In: Louette,M., La faune terrestre de Mayotte. Annales Sciences Zoologiques, Musée Royal de l’Afrique centrale, Tervuren, Belgique 284: 247 pp.
  • Mertens, Robert 1924. Ein Beitrag zur Kenntnis der melanotischen Inseleidechsen des Mittelmeeres. Pallasia 2: 40-52
  • Mertens,R. 1928. Neue Inselrassen von Cryptoblepharus boutonii (Desjardin). Zool. Anz. 78: 82-89.
  • Mertens,R. 1931. Ablepharus boutonii (DESJARDIN) und seine geographische Variation. Zool. Jahrb. Syst. 61: 63-210
  • PROBST, J.M & DESO, G. 2001. Cryptoblepharus boutonii. Fiche du patrimoine naturel a conservé. Bulletin Phaethon 14 : 104-105.
  • Rocha, Sara; Carretero, Miguel A.; Vences, Miguel; Glaw, Frank; Harris, D. James 2006. Deciphering patterns of transoceanic dispersal: the evolutionary origin and biogeography of coastal lizards (Cryptoblepharus) in the Western Indian Ocean region. Journal of Biogeography 33:13-22 - get paper here
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Stejneger, LEONHARD H. 1907. Herpetology of Japan and adjacent territory. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 58: xx, 1-577 - get paper here
  • Sternfeld, R. 1918. Zur Tiergeographie Papuasiens und der pazifischen Inselwelt. Abh. senckenb. naturf. Ges. (Frankfurt) 36: 375-436 [missing from BHL in 2023]
  • Stokely, Paul Scott 1947. Limblessness and correlated changes in the girdles of a comparative morphological series of lizards. American Midland Naturalist 38 (3): 725-754 - get paper here
  • Strauch, A. 1868. Ueber die Arten del' Eidechsen-Gattung Ablepharus (Fitz.). Bull. Ac. Sc. St. Petel'sb. xii: 359-371 or<br />Mél. Biol. Acad. Imp. Sci. St. Petersburg 6: 553-570 - get paper here
  • Van Beest, Piet 2004. Herpetologische waarnemingen op Madagascar - deel 3: Ifaty. Lacerta 62 (4): 136-143 - get paper here
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