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Cryptoblepharus leschenault (COCTEAU, 1832)

IUCN Red List - Cryptoblepharus leschenault - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Eugongylinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymAblepharis leschenault COCTEAU 1832
Cryptoblepharus Leschenaultii — GRAY 1838: 335
Ablepharus boutonii var. furcata WEBER 1890: 174
Ablepharus boutonii var. furcatus — BOULENGER 1898: 123
Cryptoblepharus boutonii furcata — DUNN 1927
Ablepharus boutonii leschenault — MERTENS 1930: 161
Ablepharus boutonii leschenault — MERTENS 1931: 156
Cryptoblepharus leschenault — GREER 1974: 21
Cryptoblepharus leschenault — WELCH 1990
Cryptoblepharus leschenault — HORNER 2007 
DistributionIndonesia (Flores, Besar, Ende, Lomblen, Alor, Timor, Semau = Samona?, Wetar and Damar Islands, Great Bastard Island), Timor-Leste

Type locality: see comment  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesSyntype: MNHN Paris (= MNHP) 3091 
CommentThe original description gives “Java” as the type locality for C. leschenault. Mertens (1964) argues that the taxon does not occur on Java and that the collector (Jean Leschenault de la Tour, botanist on the voyage of the Géographe and Naturaliste 1801-1803) spent considerable time in Kupang, Timor (see Marchant 1982) before arriving in Java. Mertens (1964) suggests, therefore, that Timor should be designated as the type locality of C. leschenault.

Sympatry: Brongersma (1942) records sympatry between C. leschenault and C. schlegelianus on “Samao Island” (= Semau Island) off Kupang, Timor. 
EtymologyNamed after Jean-Baptiste-Louis-Claude-Théodore Leschenault (1773-1826), collector of the types. 
References
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1898. A list of reptiles and batrachians from Ombaai, East Indian Archipelago. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (7) 1: 122-124 - get paper here
  • Brongersma,L.D. 1942. Notes on scincid lizards. Zoologische Mededelingen 24: 125-152 - get paper here
  • Cocteau 1832. Ablepharis. Magazine Zool. Guérin Vol 4
  • Dunn, E. R. 1927. Results of the Douglas Burden Expedition to the Island of Komodo. III.- Lizards from the East Indies. American Museum Novitates (288): 1-13 - get paper here
  • Gray,J.E. 1839. Catalogue of the slender-tongued saurians, with descriptions of many new genera and species. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (1) 2: 331-337 (287-293) [1838] - get paper here
  • Greer, A.E. 1974. The generic relationships of the scincid lizard genus Leiolopisma and its relatives. Australian Journal of Zoology 31: 1-67. - get paper here
  • Horner, P. 2007. Systematics of the snake-eyed skinks, Cryptoblepharus Wiegmann (Reptilia: Squamata: Scincidae) - an Australian based review. The Beagle Supplement 3: 21-198
  • Kaiser, H.; C. Sanchez; S. Heacox; A. Kathriner; A.V. Ribeiro; Z.A. Soares; L.L. Araujo; S. Mecke; M. O’Shea 2013. First Report on the Herpetofauna of Ataúro Island, Timor-Leste. Check List 9 (4):752-762 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1930. Die Amphibien und Reptilien der Inseln Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa und Flores. Senck. Naturf. Gesell., Frankfurt am Main, Abhandl. 42(3): 117-344.
  • Mertens,R. 1931. Ablepharus boutonii (DESJARDIN) und seine geographische Variation. Zool. Jahrb. Syst. 61: 63-210
  • O’SHEA, Mark; Caitlin SANCHEZ, Andrew KATHRINER, Sven MECKE, Venancio LOPES CARVALHO, Agivedo VARELA RIBEIRO, Zito AFRANIO SOARES, Luis LEMOS DE ARAUJO and Hinrich KAISER 2015. Herpetological Diversity of Timor-Leste: Updates and a Review of Species Distributions. Asian Herpetological Research 6 (2): 73–131
  • O’SHEA, Mark; Caitlin SANCHEZ, Scott HEACOX, Andrew KATHRINER, Venancio LOPES CARVALHO, Agivedo VARELA RIBEIRO, Zito AFRANIO SOARES, Luis LEMOS DE ARAUJO and Hinrich KAISER 2012. First Update to Herpetofaunal Records from Timor-Leste. Asian Herpetological Research 3 (2): 114–126 - get paper here
  • Walker,J. 1894. A visit to Damma Island, East Indian Archipelago. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (6) 14: 49-59 - get paper here
  • Weber, M. 1890. Reptilia from the Malay Archipelago. 1. Sauria, Crocodylidae, Chelonia. In: Zoologische Ergebnisse einer Reise in Niederländisch Ost-Indien 1: 158-177. M. Weber (Ed.). E. J. Brill, Leiden.
 
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