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Cryptoblepharus litoralis (MERTENS, 1958)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Eugongylinae (Eugongylini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesCryptoblepharus litoralis horneri WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985
Cryptoblepharus litoralis litoralis (MERTENS 1958)
Cryptoblepharus litoralis vicinus HORNER 2007 
Common NamesE: Coastal snake-eyed skink, Supralittoral Shinning-skink 
SynonymAblepharus boutonii litoralis MERTENS 1958: 54
Ablepharus boutonii litoralis — MERTENS 1964: 106
Cryptoblepharus boutonii litoralis — FUHN 1969
Cryptoblepharus litoralis — GREER 1974: 21
Cryptoblepharus litoralis — COGGER 1983: 141
Cryptoblepharus litoralis — COGGER 2000: 405
Ablepharus boutonii litoralis — WORRELL 1963: 35.
Cryptoblepharus litoralis MERTENS, 1958
Cryptoblepharus litoralis — GOW 1981b
Cryptoblepharus litoralis — COGGER et al. 1983a: 141
Cryptoblepharus litoralis — HORNER 1984: 7
Cryptoblepharus litoralis — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 27
Cryptoblepharus litoralis — WILSON and Knowles 1988: 119
Cryptoblepharus litoralis — GREER 1989: 146
Cryptoblepharus litoralis — COVACEVICH & COUPER 1991: 357
Cryptoblepharus litoralis — HORNER 1991: 16
Cryptoblepharus litoralis — EHMANN 1992: 181
Cryptoblepharus litoralis — WOINARSKI et al. 1996: 75
Cryptoblepharus litoralis — HEALEY 1997: 329
Cryptoblepharus litoralis — STANGER et al. 1998: 23
Cryptoblepharus litoralis — HORNER 1999: 60
Cryptoblepharus litoralis — COGGER 2000: 405
Cryptoblepharus litoralis — WILSON and Swan 2003: 148
Cryptoblepharus horneri WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 27 (in part)
Cryptoblepharus litoralis — WILSON & SWAN 2010

Cryptoblepharus litoralis horneri WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985
Cryptoblepharus horneri WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 27 (in part)
Cryptoblepharus litoralis horneri — HORNER 2007

Cryptoblepharus litoralis vicinus HORNER 2007
Cryptoblepharus litoralis vicinus — COGGER 2014 
DistributionAustralia (Northern Territory,Queensland), S Papua New Guinea

Type locality: Flying Fish Point, 6 mi E Innisfail, Qld.  
TypesHolotype: SMF 53219
Holotype: NTM R7762, Cape Wessel Island, NT, collected P. Horner, 16.x.1979 [horneri]
Holotype: QM J32823, 10 October 1976. PARATYPES: QM J32824-825; QM J32857-859, 27 December 1976. [vicinus] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A very large (>50 mm SVL), long-legged, shallow-headed, saxicoline, littoral Cryptoblepharus, dis- tinguished from Australian congeners by combination of modal values of five supraciliary scales, 26 mid-body scale rows, 51–57 paravertebral scales, 20–22 fourth toe subdigital lamellae, 9–11 palmar scales; 11–16 plantar scales; mean values of 39.0–41.0 mm snout-vent length, smooth to nar- rowly callused subdigital lamellae; rounded, dark pigmented plantar scales, and lack of postnasal scales.
CommentHabitat: A saxicoline, coastal taxon, which frequents beach rocks, rocky headlands and breakwaters. Usually abundant in suitable habitat.

Sympatry. Cryptoblepharus l. horneri is sympatric with C. metallicus on the Wessel islands, and with C. gurrmul and C. cygnatus on New Year Island. Cryptoblepharus l. litoralis occurs in sympatry with C. metallicus and C. pannosus, C. pulcher and C. virgatus. 
EtymologyNamed after the Latin noun litus, litoris, meaning "shore", referring to the habitat of the species. 
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Couper, P., Covacevich, J., Amey, A. & Baker, A. 2006. The genera of skinks (Family Scincidae) of Australia and its island territories: diversity, distribution and identification. in: Merrick, J.R., Archer, M., Hickey, G.M. & Lee, M.S.Y. (eds.). Evolution and Zoogeography of Australasian Vertebrates. Australian Scientific Publishing, Sydney, pp. 367-384
  • Covacevich, J. & Ingram, G. J. 1978. An undescribed species of rock dwelling Cryptoblepharus (Lacertilia: Scincidae). Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 18: 151-154 - get paper here
  • Greer, A.E. 1974. The generic relationships of the scincid lizard genus Leiolopisma and its relatives. Australian Journal of Zoology 31: 1-67. - get paper here
  • Horner, P. 2007. Systematics of the snake-eyed skinks, Cryptoblepharus Wiegmann (Reptilia: Squamata: Scincidae) - an Australian based review. The Beagle Supplement 3: 21-198
  • Mertens, R. 1958. Neue Eidechsen aus Australien. Senckenbergiana Biologica 39:51-56.
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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