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Cryptoblepharus poecilopleurus (WIEGMANN, 1836)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Eugongylinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesCryptoblepharus poecilopleurus poecilopleurus (WIEGMANN 1836)
Cryptoblepharus poecilopleurus paschalis GARMAN 1908 
Common NamesE: Mottled Snake-eyed Skink 
SynonymAblepharus poecilopleurus WIEGMANN 1836: 202
Ablepharus boutoni poecilopleurus — BOULENGER 1887
Ablepharus heterurus GARMAN 1901: 11 (fide MERTENS 1931)
Ablepharus boutoni poecilopleurus — MCGREGOR 1904
Ablepharus boutoni poecilopleurus — MERTENS 1931: 129
Cryptoblepharus poecilopleurus — GREER 1974: 21
Cryptoblepharus poecilopleurus — MYS 1988: 131
Cryptoblepharus poecilopleurus — MCKEOWN 1996
Cryptoblepharus poecilopleurus — HORNER 2007

Cryptoblepharus poecilopleurus paschalis GARMAN 1908 (fide MERTENS 1931)
Cryptoblepharus boutoni paschalis — BARBOUR & LOVERIDGE 1929: 246
Cryptoblepharus poecilopleurus paschalis — HORNER 2007 
DistributionWestern Samoa, French Polynesia, New Britain, New Ireland vicinity (Ambitle, Malie), Solomon Islands [McCoy 2000], Gilbert Islands, USA (Hawaii: Kahoolawe), Easter Islands, Society Islands, possibly Peru and its off-shore islands, Mariana, Marquesa, Marshall, Palau, Phoenix, Pitcairn, Samoa, Society, Tahiti, Tonga, Tuamotu and Wake islands [Horner 2007 and refs therein], Cook Islands (Roratonga), Guam (G. Rodda, pers. comm., 13 March 2016).

Type locality: see comment

paschalis: Endemic to Isla de Pascua (Easter Island),
Oceania (Valparaiso region, Chile, South America). Type locality: Easter Island, Valparaiso region.  
TypesLectotype: ZMB 1349 (poecilopleurus; “island near Pisacoma, Peru)
SYNTYPES: MCZ 6995-998, MCZ 7001-003, [paschalis] 
CommentThe type locality of Ablepharus poecilopleurus WIEGMANN 1836 is “Pisacoma Island, Peru”. However, this location needs to be confirmed to prove existence in South America.

Type Species: Ablepharus poecilopleurus is the type species of the genus Cryptoblepharus WIEGMANN 1834 (fide GREER 1974).

Phylogenetics: see Blom et al. 2016 who analyzed the phylogeny of the genus in the context of its adaptive radiation. 
  • Barbour, T. & LOVERIDGE,A. 1929. Typical reptiles and amphibians in the Museum of Comparative Zoology. [type catalogue] Bull. Mus. comp. Zool. Harvard 69: 205-360 - get paper here
  • Blom MPK, Horner P, Moritz C. 2016. Convergence across a continent: adaptive diversification in a recent radiation of Australian lizards. Proc. R. Soc. B 283: 20160181 - get paper here
  • Blom, Mozes P.K. 2015. Habitat use and new locality records for Cryptoblepharus poecilopleurus (Squamata: Scincidae) from French Polynesia Herpetology Notes 8: 579-582 - get paper here
  • Demangel, Diego 2016. Reptiles en Chile. Fauna Nativa Ediciones, Santiago, 619 pp - get paper here
  • Garman, S. 1901. Some reptiles and batrachians from Australasia. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 39: 1-14 - get paper here
  • Garman, Samuel 1908. The Reptiles of Easter Island. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 52 (1): 3-13 (+1 plate) - get paper here
  • Gill B J. 1993. The Land Reptiles of Western Samoa. Journal of the Royal Society Of New Zealand 23 (2): 79-89.
  • Goldberg, Stephen R. and Fred Kraus 2011. Notes on Reproduction of Cryptoblepharus poecilopleurus (Squamata: Scincidae) from the Northern Mariana Islands, Western Pacific. Current Herpetology Dec 2011, Vol. 30, No. 2: 159-161. - get paper here
  • Greer, A.E. 1974. The generic relationships of the scincid lizard genus Leiolopisma and its relatives. Australian Journal of Zoology 31: 1-67. - get paper here
  • Henle,K. 1990. Beobachtungen an Reptilien auf den Gesellschaftsinseln. Salamandra 26 (1): 45-49 - get paper here
  • Horner, P. 2007. Systematics of the snake-eyed skinks, Cryptoblepharus Wiegmann (Reptilia: Squamata: Scincidae) - an Australian based review. The Beagle Supplement 3: 21-198
  • McCoy, M. 2000. Reptiles of the Solomon Islands. ZooGraphics, Kuranda (Australia), CD-ROM.
  • McCoy, M. 2006. Reptiles of the Solomon Islands. Pensoft Series Faunistica 57, 212 pp.
  • McCoy, M. 2015. A Field Guide to the Reptiles of the Solomon Islands. Michael McCoy, Kuranda - get paper here
  • McGregor, Richard C. 1904. Notes on Hawaiian Reptiles from the Island of Maui. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 28 (1383): 115-118 - get paper here
  • Mckeown, Sean 1996. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians in the Hawaiian Islands. Diamond Head Publishing, Inc., Los Osos, CA,
  • Mertens,R. 1931. Ablepharus boutonii (DESJARDIN) und seine geographische Variation. Zool. Jahrb. Syst. 61: 63-210
  • Mys, Benoit 1988. The zoogeography of the scincid lizards from North Papua New Guinea (Reptilia: Scincidae). I. The distribution of the species. Bull. Inst. Roy. Sci. Nat. Belgique (Biologie) 58: 127-183
  • Stejneger, L. 1899. The land reptiles of the Hawaiian Islands. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 21:783-813 - get paper here
  • Wiegmann, A. F. A. 1834. In: Dr. F. J. F. Meyen: Beiträge zur Zoologie gesammelt auf einer Reise um die Erde. Siebente Abhandlung. Amphibien. Nova Acta Physico-Medica Academia Caesarea Leopoldino-Carolina (Halle) 17: 185-268 [1835] - get paper here
  • Zug, G. R., I. Ineich, G. Pregill, and A. M. Hamilton. 2012. Lizards of Tonga and a description of a new Tongan treeskink (Squamata: Scincidae: Emoia samoensis Group). Pacific Science 66(2):225-237 - get paper here
  • ZUG, GEORGE R.; ALISON M. HAMILTON & CHRISTOPHER C. AUSTIN 2011. A new Emoia samoensis group lizard (Squamata: Scincidae) from the Cook Islands, South-central Pacific. Zootaxa 2765: 47–57 - get paper here
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