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Ctenophorus maculosus (MITCHELL, 1948)

IUCN Red List - Ctenophorus maculosus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Amphibolurinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Salt-Lake Ground-dragon, Lake Eyre Dragon 
SynonymTympanocryptis maculosa MITCHELL 1948: 78
Amphibolurus maculosus — MAYHEW 1968
Amphibolurus maculosus — COGGER 1983
Ctenophorus maculosus — COGGER 2000: 318
Ctenophorus maculosus — WILSON & SWAN 2010
Ctenophorus maculosus — CHAPPLE et al. 2019: 63 
DistributionAustralia (South Australia, North Lake Eyre)

Type locality: Lake Eyre North, S. A.  
TypesHolotype: SAMA R2220a 
CommentLifestyle: lives on the salt lake, burrowing excavations below the salt crust. 
EtymologyFrom the Latin macula (spot) plus the suffix -osus (abundance). (G. Shea, pers. comm., 9 Feb 2024) 
  • Chapple, David G.; Reid Tingley, Nicola J. Mitchell, Stewart L. Macdonald, J. Scott Keogh, Glenn M. Shea, Philip Bowles, Neil A. Cox, John C. Z. Woinarski 2019. The Action Plan for Australian Lizards and Snakes 2017. CSIRO, 663 pp. DOI: 10.1071/9781486309474 - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Doughty, P.; Maryan, B.; Melville, J. & Austin, J. 2007. A new species of Ctenophorus (Lacertlia: Agamidae) from Lake Disappointment, Western Australia. Herpetologica 63 (1): 72-86 - get paper here
  • Mayhew, W.W. 1968. Biology of desert amphibians and reptiles. IV. Lizards. In: Brown, G.W. (ed.) Desert Biology. Academic Press, NY, pp. 229-286, (references 300-356)
  • Mitchell, F. J. 1948. A revision of the lacertilian genus Tympanocryptis. Rec. South Austral. Mus. 9: 57-86 - get paper here
  • Mitchell, F. J. 1965. The affinities of Tympanocryptis maculosa Mitchell (Lacertilia: Agamidae). Rec. S. Aust. 15: 179-191
  • Olsson, M. 1995. Forced copulation and costly female resistance behavior in the Lake Eyre dragon, Ctenophorus maculosus Herpetologica 51 (1): 19-24. - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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