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Ctenosaura flavidorsalis KÖHLER & KLEMMER, 1994

IUCN Red List - Ctenosaura flavidorsalis - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaIguanidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Common NamesE: Yellow-backed Spiny-tailed Iguana 
SynonymCtenosaura flavidorsalis KÖHLER & KLEMMER 1994
Ctenosaura flavidorsalis — KÖHLER 2000: 75
Ctenosaura (Enyaliosaurus) flavidorsalis — KÖHLER et al. 2000 
DistributionHonduras, El Salvador, Guatemala

Type locality: 1 km S La Paz, 750 m elevation, 14° 16’ N, 87° 40’ W, La Paz, Honduras.  
TypesHolotype: SMF, male 
EtymologyThe name melanosterna comes from the Greek roots melano (black) and sterna (chest) and refers to the black chest and forelegs possessed by members of this species. 
  • Alberts, A.C.; Carter, R.L.; Hayes, W.K. & Martins, E.P. (eds.) 2004. Iguanas - Biology and Conservation. University of California Press, 356 pp.
  • Buckley, Larry J.; Kevin de Queiroz, Tandora D. Grant, Bradford D. Hollingsworth, John B. Iverson (Chair, <br />Stesha A. Pasachnik, and Catherine L. Stephen (Iguana Taxonomy Working Group, ITWG 2016. A Checklist of the Iguanas of the World (Iguanidae; Iguaninae). Herp. Cons. Biol. 11 (Monograph 6) - get paper here
  • Gutsche, Alexander; Frank Köhler 2008. Phylogeography and hybridization in Ctenosaura species (Sauria, Iguanidae) from Caribbean Honduras: insights from mitochondrial and nuclear DNA. Zoosystematics and Evolution 84 (2): 245-253
  • Hasbun, C.R. & G. Köhler 2001. On the identity of the holotype of Ctenosaura quinquecarinata (Gray 1842). Senckenbergiana biologica 81: 247-255
  • HASBUN, C.R., KÖHLER, G. & MCCRANIE, J.R. 2001. Additions to the description of Ctenosaura flavidorsalis KÖHLER & KLEMMER, 1994 and its occurrence in south-western Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala (Squamata: Sauria: Iguanidae). Herpetozoa 14 (1/2): 55-63 - get paper here
  • Hasbún, Carlos Roberto and Gunther Köhler 2009. New Species of Ctenosaura (Squamata, Iguanidae) from Southeastern Honduras. Journal of Herpetology 43 (2): 192-204 - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2000. Reptilien und Amphibien Mittelamerikas, Bd 1: Krokodile, Schildkröten, Echsen. Herpeton Verlag, Offenbach, 158 pp.
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • Köhler, G. & K. Klemmer 1994. Eine neue Schwarzleguanart der Gattung Ctenosaura aus La Paz, Honduras Salamandra 30 (3): 197-208 - get paper here
  • Köhler, G.; W. Schroth & B. Streit 2000. Systematics of the Ctenosaura group of lizards (Reptilia: Sauria: Iguanidae). Amphibia-Reptilia 21 (2): 177-191 - get paper here
  • Köhler, Gunther 1995. Zwei neue Schwarzleguane aus Honduras und Mexiko. DATZ 48 (October): 618-619
  • Köhler, G. 1995. Die Lokalnamen der Leguane der Gattung Ctenosaura Wiegmann,. Sauria 17 (2): 11-12 - get paper here
  • Malone, Catherine L.; Víctor Hugo Reynoso, Larry Buckley 2017. Never judge an iguana by its spines: Systematics of the Yucatan spiny tailed iguana, Ctenosaura defensor (Cope, 1866). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 115: 27-39 - get paper here
  • McCranie, James R. 2015. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with additions, comments on taxonomy, some recent taxonomic decisions, and areas of further studies needed. Zootaxa 3931 (3): 352–386 - get paper here
  • McCranie, James R. 2018. The Lizards, Crocodiles, and Turtles of Honduras. Systematics, Distribution, and Conservation. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Special Publication Series (2): 1- 666 - get paper here
  • Solís, J. M., L. D. Wilson, and J. H. Townsend. 2014. An updated list of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with comments on their nomenclature. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1: 123–144 - get paper here
  • Werning, H. 2003. Ein neuer Schwarzleguan und eine Schlangengattung aus Mittelamerika. Reptilia (Münster) 8 (40): 12-13 - get paper here
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