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Ctenosaura macrolopha SMITH, 1972

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Higher TaxaIguanidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesSonoran Spiny- tailed Iguana, Cape Spinytail Iguana 
SynonymCtenosaura hemilopha macrolopha SMITH 1972
Ctenosaura macrolopha — GRISMER 1999
Ctenosaura macrolopha — LINER 2007
Ctenosaura macrolopha — LEMOS-ESPINAL & SMITH 2007
Ctenosaura macrolopha — JONES & LOVICH 2009
Ctenosaura macrolopha — VALDEZ-LARES et al. 2013
Ctenosaura macrolopha — ENDERSON et al. 2014 
DistributionMexico (Chihuahua, Sonora, Durango)

Type locality: "La Posa, San Carlos Bay, 10 mi NW Guaymas, Sonora"  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: FMNH 108705 
CommentDistribution: Rorabaugh et al. (2015) mention a report of this species from Nogales, Arizona, which apparently was brought from adjacent Sonora in Mexico. 
References
  • Buckley, Larry J.; Kevin de Queiroz, Tandora D. Grant, Bradford D. Hollingsworth, John B. Iverson (Chair, <br />Stesha A. Pasachnik, and Catherine L. Stephen (Iguana Taxonomy Working Group, ITWG 2016. A Checklist of the Iguanas of the World (Iguanidae; Iguaninae). Herp. Cons. Biol. 11 (Monograph 6) - get paper here
  • Enderson, Erik F.; Thomas R. Van Devender, Robert L. Bezy 2014. Amphibians and reptiles of Yécora, Sonora and the Madrean Tropical Zone of the Sierra Madre Occidental in northwestern Mexico. Check List 10 (4): 913-926 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. Lee. 1999. An evolutionary classification of reptiles on islands in the Gulf of California, México. Herpetologica 55 (4): 446-469 - get paper here
  • Jones, L.L. & Lovich, R.E. 2009. Lizards of the American Southwest. A photographic field guide. Rio Nuevo Publishers, Tucson, AZ, 568 pp. [review in Reptilia 86: 84] - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal, J.A. & Smith, H.M. 2007. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Chihuahua, Mexico. Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 613 pp.
  • Malone, Catherine L.; Víctor Hugo Reynoso, Larry Buckley 2017. Never judge an iguana by its spines: Systematics of the Yucatan spiny tailed iguana, Ctenosaura defensor (Cope, 1866). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 115: 27-39 - get paper here
  • Rorabaugh, James C., Stephen L. Minter, Thomas R. Van Devender, Thomas R. Jones and J. David Bygott. 2015. Northernmost populations of spiny-tailed iguanas (Ctenosaura). Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 127–130 - get paper here
  • Smith,H.M. 1972. The sonoran subspecies of the lizard Ctenosaura hemilopha. Great Basin Naturalist 32 (2): 104-111 - get paper here
  • Valdez-Lares, R.; R. Muñiz-Martínez; E.Gadsden; G. Aguirre-León; G. Castañeda-Gaytán; R. Gonzalez-Trápaga 2013. Checklist of amphibians and reptiles of the state of Durango, México. Check List 9 (4):714-724 - get paper here
 
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