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Ctenosaura oaxacana KÖHLER & HASBUN, 2001

IUCN Red List - Ctenosaura oaxacana - Critically Endangered, CR

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Higher TaxaIguanidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Oaxaca Spiny-tailed Iguana
S: Garrobo de Oxaxca 
SynonymCtenosaura oaxacana KÖHLER & HASBUN 2001
Ctenosaura oaxacana — MATA-SILVA et al. 2015
Ctenosaura oaxacana — HEIMES 2022 
DistributionMexico (Oaxaca)

Type locality: Pacific versant of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec (Oaxaca, Mexico)  
TypesHolotype: SMF 43259. 
CommentBURRÉ (2004) described hybridization between Ctenosaura oaxacana and Ctenosaura quinquecarinata. 
EtymologyNamed after the Mexican state of Oaxaca where the known distribution of the species is located. 
  • Alberts, A.C.; Carter, R.L.; Hayes, W.K. & Martins, E.P. (eds.) 2004. Iguanas - Biology and Conservation. University of California Press, 356 pp. - get paper here
  • Buckley, Larry J.; Kevin de Queiroz, Tandora D. Grant, Bradford D. Hollingsworth, John B. Iverson (Chair, <br />Stesha A. Pasachnik, and Catherine L. Stephen (Iguana Taxonomy Working Group, ITWG 2016. A Checklist of the Iguanas of the World (Iguanidae; Iguaninae). Herp. Cons. Biol. 11 (Monograph 6) - get paper here
  • Burré, G. 2004. Bastardierung zwischen Ctenosaura quinquecarinata und C. oaxana. Iguana Rundschreiben 17 (1): 17-21
  • Casas-Andreu, G., F.R. Méndez-De la Cruz and X. Aguilar-Miguel. 2004. Anfibios y Reptiles; pp. 375–390, in A.J.M. García-Mendoza, J. Ordoñez and M. Briones-Salas (ed.). Biodiversidad de Oaxaca. Instituto de Biología, UNAM-Fondo Oaxaqueño para la Conservación de la Naturaleza-World Wildlife Fund, México, D. F.
  • Castañeda-Hernández, Carlos, Luis Canseco-Márquez and Manuel Ernesto Vargas-Orrego. 2015. Additional distributional records for the state of Oaxaca, Mexico. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2(3): 368–370 - get paper here
  • Corneil, Jeffrey P., Chad E. Montgomery and Víctor Hugo Reynoso. 2015. Ctenosaura oaxacana (Oaxacan spiny-tailed iguana) predation. Herpetological Review 46 (4): 630-631 - get paper here
  • García-Padilla E, DeSantis DL, Rocha A, Mata-Silva V, Johnson JD, Wilson LD. 2020. Conserving the Mesoamerican herpetofauna: the most critical case of the priority level one endemic species. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 14(2) [General Section]: 73–132 (e240) - get paper here
  • Gutsche, Alexander; Frank Köhler 2008. Phylogeography and hybridization in Ctenosaura species (Sauria, Iguanidae) from Caribbean Honduras: insights from mitochondrial and nuclear DNA. Zoosystematics and Evolution 84 (2): 245-253 - get paper here
  • Hasbún, Carlos Roberto and Gunther Köhler 2009. New Species of Ctenosaura (Squamata, Iguanidae) from Southeastern Honduras. Journal of Herpetology 43 (2): 192-204 - get paper here
  • Heimes, P. 2022. LIZARDS OF MEXICO - Part 1 Iguanian lizards. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt Am Main, 448 pp.
  • Kartje, M. E., J. P. Corneil, C. E. Montgomery and V. H. Reynoso 2016. Ctenosaura oaxacana (Oaxacan Spiny-tailed Iguana) predation. Herpetological Review 47(3): 463. - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • Köhler, G. & C.R. Hasbun 2001. A new species of spiny-tailed iguana from Mexico formerly referred to Ctenosaura quinquecarinata (Gray 1842) (Reptilia, Squamata, Iguanidae). Senckenbergiana biologica 81: 257-267
  • Malone, Catherine L.; Víctor Hugo Reynoso, Larry Buckley 2017. Never judge an iguana by its spines: Systematics of the Yucatan spiny tailed iguana, Ctenosaura defensor (Cope, 1866). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 115: 27-39 - get paper here
  • Mata-Silva, Vicente, Jerry D. Johnson, Larry David Wilson and Elí García-Padilla. 2015. The herpetofauna of Oaxaca, Mexico: composition, physiographic distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 6–62 - get paper here
  • Peterson, A.T. et al. 2004. A preliminary biological survey of Cerro Piedra Larga, Oaxaca, Mexico: Birds, mammals, reptiles, amphibians, and plants. Anales del Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Serie Zoología 75(2): 439-466
  • Reynoso, Víctor Hugo, Georgina González Monfil and Adriana J. González-Hernández. 2011. Geographic Distribution: Ctenosaura oaxacana (Oaxacan spiny-tailed iguana). Herpetological Review 42 (3): 391 - get paper here
  • Rioja-Paradela, T., Carrillo-Reyes, A., Castañeda, G. & López, S. 2013. Diversidad herpetofaunística al norte de la laguna inferior, Istmo de Tehuantepec, Oaxaca, México. Acta Zoológica Mexicana(n.s.) , 29(3): 574-595 - get paper here
  • Werning, H. 2003. Ein neuer Schwarzleguan und eine Schlangengattung aus Mittelamerika. Reptilia (Münster) 8 (40): 12-13 - get paper here
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