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Ctenosaura similis (GRAY, 1831)

IUCN Red List - Ctenosaura similis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaIguanidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesCtenosaura similis similis (GRAY 1831)
Ctenosaura similis multipunctata BARBOUR & SHREVE 1934 
Common NamesE: Common Spiny-tailed Iguana, Black Iguana
G: Schwarzer Leguan
multipunctata: Providence Spiny-tailed Iguana
S: Garrobo Negro 
SynonymIguana (Ctenosaura) Similis GRAY 1831 (in CUVIER; edit. GRIFFITH)
Ctenosaura similis — BAILEY 1928
Ctenosaura completa BOCOURT 1874: 145
Ctenosaura completa — GÜNTHER 1880
Ctenosaura completa — GÜNTHER 1885: 58
Ctenosaura completa — COPE 1886: 266
Ctenosaura similis — BAILEY 1928: 32
Ctenosaura completa — AHL 1940
Ctenosaura similis — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 387
Ctenosaura similis — LINER 1994
Ctenosaura (Ctenosaura) similis — KÖHLER et al. 2000
Ctenosaura (Ctenosaura) similis — KÖHLER 2003
Ctenosaura similis — MATA-SILVA et al. 2015
Ctenosaura similis — HEIMES 2022

Ctenosaura similis similis (GRAY 1831)
Ctenosaura completa BOCOURT 1874 (in: DUMÉRIL & BOCOURT)
Ctenosaura similis similis — BARBOUR & SHREVE 1934
Ctenosaura similis similis — BUCKLEY et al. 2016

Ctenosaura similis multipunctata BARBOUR & SHREVE 1934
Ctenosaura similis multipunctata BARBOUR & SHREVE 1934
Ctenosaura similis multipunctata — BUCKLEY et al. 2016 
DistributionS Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca, Yucatan, Campeche, Quintana Roo), Nicaragua, Guatemala, El Salvador,
Honduras, Belize, Costa Rica, Panama,
Colombia (Old Providence Island, San Andres Island), Venezuela (introduced)
USA (introduced to Florida)

Type locality: not given in GRAY 1831; Restricted to Tela, Honduras (by BAILEY 1928)  
TypesHolotype: unlocated (Etheridge 1982, Buckley et al. 2011); “Museum of Mr. Bell, London” fide Bailey 1928.
Holotype: MCZ 36830 [multipunctata]
Syntype: USNM 11003 [Ctenosaura completa] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: BAILEY 1928: 32 
CommentHybridization: KÖHLER & BLINN (2000), GUTSCHE & KÖHLER (2004), and SCHULTE (2007) present evidence for natural hybridization of C. bakeri and C. similis.

Subspecies: According to LEE 2000 only 2 subspecies are recognized (although he doesn’t say explicitly which ones).

Distribution: Old Providence Island and San Andres Island belong to Colombia. 
EtymologyThe specific name similis is Latin meaning ‘‘like.’’ The name probably refers to the resemblance of this species to some other Ctenosaura species recognized by Gray (1831, In Gray, 1830–1831).
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