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Ctenotus capricorni STORR, 1981

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Capricorn Ctenotus 
SynonymCtenotus capricorni STORR 1981: 133
Minervascincus capricorni — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 34
Ctenotus capricorni — COGGER 2000: 418
Ctenotus capricorni — WILSON & SWAN 2010 
DistributionAustralia (Queensland)

Type locality: 33 krn W of Jericho, in 23° 34’ S, 145° 48’ E, Qld.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: QM J39470 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: “A moderately small Ctenotus with coloration as in C. leonhardii group, e.g. vertebral stripe narrow or absent and upper lateral zone enclosing rows of pale dots, but with wide subdigital calli and wide second supraocular as in C. lesueurii group. Further distinguishable from C. monticola by more numerous midbody scale rows, subdigital lamellae and ear lobules but fewer nuchals.” (Storr 1981)

Description (based on holotype and paratype): “Snout-vent length (mm): 58.5, 53. Length of appendages (% SVL): foreleg 25, 28; hindleg 43, 38; tail 215, 202. Nasals very narrowly separated. Prefrontals in short contact or very narrowly separated. Supraoculars 4, first 3 in contact with frontal, second wider than first and third. Supraciliaries 6-9. Upper cHiaries 11-12. Second loreal 1.2-1.8 times as wide as high. Presuboculars 2. Upper labials 8. Ear lobules 4 or 5, second or third largest, subacute or obtuse. Nuchals 2 or 3. Midbody scale rows 30 or 32. Lamellae under fourth toe 21-23, each with a moderately wide callus.” (Storr 1981)

Coloration: “Head olive-brown. Tail buffy-brown. Back brown with narrow blackish vertebral stripe from nape to base of tail, edged with pale brown or brownish-white. Narrow, indistinct, pale brown dorsal stripe. Narrow blackish latero-dorsal stripe from nape to base of taiL Narrow white dorsolateral stripe from above temple to tail (on which it becomes wider and buffy). Brown upper lateral zone enclosing a series of white dots and short dashes (2 series in front of foreleg). White midlateral stripe well developed posteriorly but disappearing at or behind foreleg. Lower lateral zone pale greyish-brown.” (Storr 1981) 
CommentLimb morphology: 5 digits, 5 toes (Singhal et al. 2018, Cogger 2014) 
EtymologyNamed after Latin for 'of Capricorn', in allusion to its known range being close to that Tropic.
 
References
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Couper, P., Covacevich, J., Amey, A. & Baker, A. 2006. The genera of skinks (Family Scincidae) of Australia and its island territories: diversity, distribution and identification. in: Merrick, J.R., Archer, M., Hickey, G.M. & Lee, M.S.Y. (eds.). Evolution and Zoogeography of Australasian Vertebrates. Australian Scientific Publishing, Sydney, pp. 367-384
  • Singhal, Sonal; Huateng Huang, Maggie R. Grundler, María R. Marchán-Rivadeneira, Iris Holmes, Pascal O. Title, Stephen C. Donnellan, and Daniel L. Rabosky 2018. Does Population Structure Predict the Rate of Speciation? A Comparative Test across Australia’s Most Diverse Vertebrate Radiation. The American Naturalist - get paper here
  • Storr G M 1981. Ten new Ctenotus (Lacertilia: Scincidae) from Australia. Rec. West. Austr. Mus. 9 (2): 125-146 - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
 
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