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Ctenotus mastigura STORR, 1975

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Whiptail Ctenotus 
SynonymCtenotus mastigura mastigura STORR 1975: 228
Ctenotus mastigura — COGGER 1983: 149
Minervascincus mastigura — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 35
Ctenotus mastigura — COGGER 2000: 434
Ctenotus mastigura — WILSON & SWAN 2010 
DistributionAustralia (Western Australia: N Kimberleys)

Type locality: Mitchell Plateau, in 14° 52’ S, 125° 50’ E, W. A.  
TypesHolotype: WAM R43210 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: “A member of the essingtonii group with only three supraoculars, smooth subdigital lamellae, and well-defined vertebral stripe. Both subspecies of C. mastigura distinguishable from C. essingtonii of Northern Territory by more numerous ear lobules (first never largest) and more numerous midbody scale rows.” (Storr 1975: 228)

Description: “Snout-vent length (mm): 55-63. Length of appendages (% SVL): foreleg 23-29, hindleg 44-47, tail 240-303.
Nasals separated. Prefrontals forming a median suture. Supraoculars 3, first 2 in contact with frontal. Supraciliaries 8 or 9. Palpebrals 10. Second loreal 1.0'-1.1 times as wide as high. Upper labials 7 or 8. Ear lobules 5-6, subacute. Nuchals 3. Midbody scale rows 29-32. Lamellae under fourth toe 21-23, compressed, smooth.
Dorsally dark iridescent olive-brown. Narrow pale-edged vertebral stripe. Narrow, but bold, white dorsolateral stripe, narrowly edged above apd below with black. Upper lateral zone brownish grey. Whitish midlateral stripe, narrowly edged with dark brownish grey.” (Storr 1975: 228) 
CommentCtenotus mastigura burbidgei STORR 1975 has been elevated to species level.

Limb morphology: 5 digits, 5 toes (Singhal et al. 2018, Cogger 2014) 
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Couper, P., Covacevich, J., Amey, A. & Baker, A. 2006. The genera of skinks (Family Scincidae) of Australia and its island territories: diversity, distribution and identification. in: Merrick, J.R., Archer, M., Hickey, G.M. & Lee, M.S.Y. (eds.). Evolution and Zoogeography of Australasian Vertebrates. Australian Scientific Publishing, Sydney, pp. 367-384
  • Prates, I., Hutchinson, M. N., Singhal, S., Moritz, C., & Rabosky, D. L. 2023. Notes from the taxonomic disaster zone: Evolutionary drivers of intractable species boundaries in an Australian lizard clade (Scincidae: Ctenotus). Molecular Ecology, 00, 1–25
  • Singhal, Sonal; Huateng Huang, Maggie R. Grundler, María R. Marchán-Rivadeneira, Iris Holmes, Pascal O. Title, Stephen C. Donnellan, and Daniel L. Rabosky 2018. Does Population Structure Predict the Rate of Speciation? A Comparative Test across Australia’s Most Diverse Vertebrate Radiation. The American Naturalist - get paper here
  • Storr, G. M. 1975. The genus Ctenotus (Lacertilia: Scincidae) in the Kimberley and North-west Divisions of Western Australia. Rec. West. Aust. Mus. 3: 209-243 - get paper here
  • Storr, G. M., Smith, L. A. & Johnstone, R. E. 1981. Lizards of Western Australia. I. Skinks. Perth: University of Western Australia Press and Western Australian Museum, 200 pp.
  • Storr, G. M.; L. A. Smith, and R. E. Johnstone 1999. Lizards of Western Australia. I. Skinks. Revised Edition. Western Australian Museum
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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