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Ctenotus spaldingi (MACLEAY, 1877)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Straight-browed Ctenotus 
SynonymHinulia spaldingi MACLEAY 1877: 63
Lygosoma dorsale BOULENGER 1887: 226
Lygosoma (Hinulia) dorsale — DE ROOIJ 1915: 175
Lygosoma (Sphenomorphus) dorsale — SMITH 1937: 220
Sphenomorphus spaldingi — COPLAND 1947
Ctenotus spaldingi — COGGER 1983: 153
Minervascincus spaldingi — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 35
Ctenotus spaldingi — COGGER 2000: 444
Ctenotus spaldingi — WILSON & SWAN 2010
Ctenotus spaldingii — RABOSKY et al. 2014 
DistributionAustralia (Northern Territory, Queensland), Papua New Guinea (fide SMITH 1937)

Type locality: Endeavour River, Qld.  
TypesLectotype: AMS R31844 (AM) (formerly MAMU R82 (part), MR419). Designation by Copland (1947).
Syntypes: BMNH 1946.8.15.51-52, from Fly River, Papua New Guinea [Lygosoma dorsale] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: RABOSKY et al. 2014 
CommentSynonymy partly after COGGER 1983.

Illustration (from Boulenger 1887) in Herp. Bull. 73: 7

Limb morphology: 5 digits, 5 toes (Singhal et al. 2018, Cogger 2014) 
EtymologyNamed after Edward Spalding (1836-1900), an entomologist, taxidermist, and collector of aboriginal artifacts, many of which are now in the Macleay Museum Ethnographic Collection. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Copland, S. J. 1947. Catalogue of reptiles in the Macleay Museum. Part II. Sphenomorphus spaldingi (Macleay). Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales 71: 136-144 - get paper here
  • Couper, P., Covacevich, J., Amey, A. & Baker, A. 2006. The genera of skinks (Family Scincidae) of Australia and its island territories: diversity, distribution and identification. in: Merrick, J.R., Archer, M., Hickey, G.M. & Lee, M.S.Y. (eds.). Evolution and Zoogeography of Australasian Vertebrates. Australian Scientific Publishing, Sydney, pp. 367-384
  • de Rooij, N. de 1915. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. I. Lacertilia, Chelonia, Emydosauria. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 384 pp. - get paper here
  • Macleay, W. 1877. The lizards of the Chevert Expedition. Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales 2: 60-69; 97-104 - get paper here
  • Prates, I., Hutchinson, M. N., Singhal, S., Moritz, C., & Rabosky, D. L. 2023. Notes from the taxonomic disaster zone: Evolutionary drivers of intractable species boundaries in an Australian lizard clade (Scincidae: Ctenotus). Molecular Ecology, 00, 1–25
  • Rabosky DL, Hutchinson MN, Donnellan SC, Talaba AL, Lovette IJ 2014. Phylogenetic disassembly of species boundaries in a widespread group of Australian skinks (Scincidae: Ctenotus). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 77: 71-82; doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2014.03.026 - get paper here
  • Singhal, Sonal; Huateng Huang, Maggie R. Grundler, María R. Marchán-Rivadeneira, Iris Holmes, Pascal O. Title, Stephen C. Donnellan, and Daniel L. Rabosky 2018. Does Population Structure Predict the Rate of Speciation? A Comparative Test across Australia’s Most Diverse Vertebrate Radiation. The American Naturalist - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
  • Storr G M 1970. The genus Ctenotus (Lacertilia: Scincidae) in the Northern Territory. J. Royal Soc. Western Australia 52: 97-108 [1969] - get paper here
  • Storr G M 1978. Notes on the Ctenotus (Lacertilia, Scincidae) of Queensland. Rec. West. Aust. Mus. 6 (3): 319-332 - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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