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Ctenotus taeniolatus (WHITE, 1790)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Common NamesCopper-tailed Ctenotus, Copper-Tailed Skink 
SynonymLacerta taeniolata WHITE 1790: 245
Scincus octolineatus DAUDIN 1802: 285 (nom. substit. pro Lacerta taeniolata)
Scincus decemlineatus LACÉPÈDE 1804: 208
Scincus undecimstriatus KUHL 1820: 129 (part.)
Scincus multilineatus LESSON 1830: 45
Lygosoma taeniolata — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 734
Ctenotus taeniolatus — COGGER 1983: 153
Ctenotus taeniolatus — COGGER 2000: 447 
DistributionAustralia (New South Wales, Queensland,Victoria)

Type locality: N. S. W.  
TypesHolotype: BMNH xv.16a (presumed lost)
Holotype: none designated, MNHP (not found), from Australia [Scincus decemlineatus]
Syntypes: from Australia; for only extant syntype see Leiolopisma entrecasteauxii (Duméril and Bibron, 1839); remaining syntypes not found, but unpublished Kuhl figure of S. undecimstriatus indicates that at least one syntype was Ctenotus taeniolatus [Scincus undecimstriatus]
Syntypes: from N. S. W. and Bourou and Ambon Ils., Indonesia, MNHP 2983 (Australia), 2 specimens, only one of which, the figured specimen, has been found, see Roux-Estève (1979) [Scincus multilineatus] 
CommentSynonymy after COGGER 1983. Hutchingson & Donnellan 1992 argued that Scincus decemlineatus LACÉPÈDE 1804 could be Pseudemoia pagenstecheri.

Type Species: Lacerta taeniolata WHITE 1790 is the type species of the genus Ctenotus STORR 1964.

Phylogenetics: see Singhal et al. 2017 for a phylogeny of 83 species.

Sympatry: in Australia, 14 or more species of Ctenotus may occur in regional sympatry in the western and central arid zone (Pianka 1969, 1986; James 1991; James & Shine 2000; Rabosky et al. 2007). 
EtymologyFrom the Greek kten (comb) and ot (ear), forming ‘comb-eared’ in reference to the conspicuous ear lobules (Storr 1964). 
  • Bauer, A.M. 1999. Notes on John White's Journal of a Voyage to new South Wales (1790), a Classic of Australian Herpetology. Newsletter Internatl. Soc. Hist. Bibliogr. Herpetol. 1(1): 16-19 - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Colgan, D. J.; D. O’Meally and R. A Sadlier 2009. Phylogeographic patterns in reptiles on the New England Tablelands at the south-western boundary of the McPherson Macleay Overlap. D. J. Colgan; D. O’Meally and R. A Sadlier. Australian Journal of Zoology 57: 317-328 - get paper here
  • Couper, P., Covacevich, J., Amey, A. & Baker, A. 2006. The genera of skinks (Family Scincidae) of Australia and its island territories: diversity, distribution and identification. in: Merrick, J.R., Archer, M., Hickey, G.M. & Lee, M.S.Y. (eds.). Evolution and Zoogeography of Australasian Vertebrates. Australian Scientific Publishing, Sydney, pp. 367-384
  • Daudin 1802. Histoire Naturelle, Générale et Particulière des Reptiles, Vol. 4. F. Dufart, Paris.
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol.5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • Hutchinson M N. DONNELLAN S C. 1992. Taxonomy and genetic variation in the Australian lizards of the genus Pseudemoia (Scincidae Lygosominae). Journal of Natural History 26 (1): 215-264.
  • Kay, G.M.; D. Michael; M. Crane; S. Okada; C. MacGregor; D. Florance; D. Trengove; L. McBurney; D. Blair; D.B. Lindenmayer. 2013. A list of reptiles and amphibians from Box Gum Grassy Woodlands in south-eastern Australia. Check List 9 (3):476-481 - get paper here
  • Kuhl,H. 1820. Beiträge zur Zoologie und vergleichenden Anatomie. Hermannsche Buchhandlung, Frankfurt, 152 pp. - get paper here
  • LaCépède, B. G. E. L. 1804. Mémoire sur plusieurs animaux de la Nouvelle- Hollande dont la description n’a pas encore été publiée. Annales du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, 4:184-211 - get paper here
  • Lesson, R.P. 1830. Description de quelques reptiles nouveaux ou peu connus. In: M.L.I. Duperrey, Voyage Autour du Monde Execute par Ordre du Roi, sur la Corvette de La Majeste, La Coquille, exécuté Pendant les Annees 1822, 1823, 1824 et 1825. 2. Zoologie 2 (1). Arthur Bertrand, Paris: 1-65 - get paper here
  • Michael, D.R.; D.B. Lindenmayer; M. Crane; C. MacGregor; R. Montague-Drake; L. McBurney. 2011. Reptilia, Murray catchment, New South Wales, southeastern Australia. Check List 7 (1):25-29 - get paper here
  • Mo, Matthew 2015. Herpetofaunal community of the constructed Lime Kiln Bay Wetland, south Sydney, New South Wales. Victorian Naturalist 132 (3): 64-72 - get paper here
  • Parker, Scott L.; Christopher R. Murphy, and Michael B. Thompson 2010. Uterine angiogenesis in squamate reptiles: Implications for the evolution of viviparity. Herp. Cons. Biol. 5 (2) - get paper here
  • Roux-Estève, R. 1979. Liste des Amphibiens et Reptiles des collections du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris, récoltés par Lesueur (1778-1846). Bull. Trim. Soc. Géol. Normandie et Amis Muséum du Havre 66: 25-29
  • Singhal, Sonal; Huateng Huang, Pascal O. Title, Stephen C. Donnellan, Iris Holmes, Daniel L. Rabosky 2017. Genetic diversity is largely unpredictable but scales with museum occurrences in a species-rich clade of Australian lizards. [Ctenotus] Proc. R. Soc. B 2017 284 20162588; DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2016.2588 - get paper here
  • Smith, Shannon M.; Stow, Adam J. 2008. Isolation and characterization of microsatellite loci from the coppertail skink (Ctenotus taeniolatus). Molecular Ecology Resources 8(4):923-925
  • Storr G M 1978. Notes on the Ctenotus (Lacertilia, Scincidae) of Queensland. Rec. West. Aust. Mus. 6 (3): 319-332 - get paper here
  • Storr, G.M. 1964. Ctenotus, a new generic name for a group of Australian skinks. Western Australian Naturalist 9: 84–85
  • Swanson, S. 1976. Lizards of Australia. Angus & Robertson, Sydney 80 pp.
  • White, J. 1790. Journal of a voyage to new South Wales, with sixty-five plates of non descript animals, birds, lizards, serpents, curious cones of trees and other natural productions. Debrett, London, 229 pp. - get paper here
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