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Cubophis vudii (COPE, 1862)

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Higher TaxaDipsadidae, Alsophiini, Colubroidea, Serpentes (snakes) 
SubspeciesCubophis vudii vudii (COPE 1862)
Cubophis vudii aterrimus (BARBOUR and SHREVE 1935)
Cubophis vudii picticeps (CONANT 1937)
Cubophis vudii raineyi (BARBOUR and SHREVE 1935)
Cubophis vudii utowanae (BARBOUR and SHREVE 1935) 
Common NamesE: Bahamian Racer
G: Bahama-Natter 
SynonymAlsophis vudii COPE 1862: 74
Alsophis vudii — BARBOUR 1904: 60
Alsophis vudii — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 577
Alsophis vudii — CROTHER 1999
Ocyophis vudii — ZAHER et al. 2009
Cubophis vudii — HEDGES et al. 2009

Cubophis vudii vudii (COPE 1862)
Alsophis vudii vudii — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 578
Cubophis vudii vudii — HEDGES et al. 2009

Cubophis vudii aterrimus (BARBOUR and SHREVE 1935)
Alsophis vudii aterrimus BARBOUR and SHREVE 1935
Alsophis vudii aterrimus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 578
Cubophis vudii aterrimus — HEDGES et al. 2009

Cubophis vudii picticeps (CONANT 1937)
Alsophis vudii picticeps — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 578
Cubophis vudii picticeps — HEDGES et al. 2009

Cubophis vudii raineyi (BARBOUR and SHREVE 1935)
Alsophis vudii raineyi — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 578
Cubophis vudii raineyi — HEDGES et al. 2009

Cubophis vudii utowanae (BARBOUR and SHREVE 1935)
Alsophis vudii utowanae — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 578
Cubophis vudii utowanae — HEDGES et al. 2009 
DistributionBahamas

vudii: Bahama Is.: Great Bahama Bank except Bimini Is.; Cat I.; Little San Salvador I.; Type locality: New Providence Island, Bahama Islands.

aterrimus (HOLOTYPE MCZ 37942): Bahama Is.: Little Bahama Bank.

picticeps (HOLOTYPE MCZ 43150): Bahama Is.: Bimini Is.

raineyi (HOLOTYPE MCZ 37929): Bahama Is.: Crooked I. and Acklins I.

utowanae (HOLOTYPE MCZ 37941): Bahama Is.: Great Inagua I., including Sheep Cay. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesSyntypes: ANSP 5567, ANSP 5569-71, ANSP 5598-99.
Holotype: MCZ (aterrimus)
Holotype: MCZ (picticeps)
Holotype: MCZ (raineyi)
Holotype: MCZ (utowanae) 
CommentFor illustrations see Maglio, 1970; Mehrtens, 1987.

Etymology: According to COPE 1862 "This species is dedicated to my friend, Dr. H.C. Wood, Jr., author of memoirs on Myriapoda and ... Cryptogamia." 
References
  • Barbour, T. 1904. Batrachia and Reptilia from the Bahamas. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 46: 55—61 - get paper here
  • Barbour, T. and B. Shreve. 1935. Concerning some Bahamian reptiles, with notes on the fauna. Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 40: 347-365.
  • Barbour, Thomas 1906. Additional notes on Bahama snakes American Naturalist 40 (471): 229-232 - get paper here
  • Barbour, Thomas & Loveridge, Arthur 1946. First supplement to typical reptiles and amphibians. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 96 (2): 59-214. - get paper here
  • Conant, R. 1937. Alsophis from new islands with the description of a new subspecies. Proc. New England Zool. Club 16:81-83.
  • Cope, E.D. 1862. Synopsis of the species of Holcosus and Ameiva, with diagnoses of new West Indian and South American Colubridae. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 14 [1862]: 60-82. - get paper here
  • Hedges, S. Blair; Arnaud Couloux; Vidal, Nicolas 2009. Molecular phylogeny, classification, and biogeography of West Indian racer snakes of the Tribe Alsophiini (Squamata, Dipsadidae, Xenodontinae). Zootaxa 2067: 1-28 - get paper here
  • Maglio, Vincent J. 1970. West Indian Xenodontine colubrid snakes: Their probable origin, phylogeny, and zoogeography. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 141 (1): 1-54 - get paper here
  • Mehrtens, J.M. 1987. Living snakes of the world in color. Sterling Publ. Co., hic., New York, NY: 480 pp.
  • Schwartz,A. & Henderson,R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Wieg, C. 2009. Geographic Variation in the Bahamian Brown Racer, Alsophis Vudii. Masters Thesis, Ohio University, 48 pp.
 
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