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Cuora amboinensis (DAUDIN, 1802)

IUCN Red List - Cuora amboinensis - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaGeoemydidae (Geoemydinae), Testudines (turtles) 
SubspeciesCuora amboinensis amboinensis DAUDIN 1802
Cuora amboinensis couro (SCHWEIGGER 1812)
Cuora amboinensis kamaroma RUMMLER & FRITZ 1991
Cuora amboinensis lineata MCCORD & PHILIPPEN 1998 
Common NamesE: Amboina Box Turtle; Southeast Asian Box Turtle
kamaroma: Domed Malayan Box Turtle
G: Asiatische Dosenschildkröte 
SynonymTestudo fasciata SUCKOW 1798
Testudo amboinensis DAUDIN 1802
Testudo melanocephala DAUDIN 1802
Terrapene bicolor BELL 1825
Emys couro GRAY in GRIFFITH 1831 (ex errore)
Cuora amboinensis GRAY 1856: 264
Cistudo amboinensis — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1835: 215
Cistudo Amboinensis — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 224
Cyclemys amboinensis BOULENGER 1889
Cyclemys amboinensis — MERTENS 1930
Cuora amboinensis — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 443
Cuora amboinensis amboinensis — SANG et al. 2009
Cuora amboinensis amboinensis — BROWN et al. 2013

Cuora amboinensis couro (SCHWEIGGER 1812)
Emys cuoro SCHWEIGGER 1812
Cuora amboinensis couro — IBARRONDO et al. 2006
Cuora amboinensis couro — SANG et al. 2009

Cuora amboinensis kamaroma RUMMLER & FRITZ 1991
Cuora amboinensis kamaroma — COX et al. 1998: 129
Cuora amboinensis kamaroma — BECKER 1999
Cuora amboinensis kamaroma — CHAN-ARD et al. 1999: 224
Cuora amboinensis kamaroma — SANG et al. 2009

Cuora amboinensis lineata MCCORD & PHILIPPEN 1998
Cuora amboinensis lineata — SANG et al. 2009 
DistributionIndia (Nicobar Islands, Assam), Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar (= Burma), Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, West Malaysia (incl. Pulau Pangkor), Singapore, Philippines (Panay, Luzon, Mindanao etc.),
E Indonesia (Sulawesi = Celebes, Amboina, Sumatra, Borneo, Nias, Enggano,Simeulue, Java, Sumbawa, Ambon, Halmahera, Ceram, Maluku)

couro: Sumatra, Java, Bali, Nusa Tenggara

kamaroma: mainland Indochina, Thailand (Phang-Nga etc.), Indonesia (Borneo); Terra typica; about 50 km N Bangkok, Thailand.

Type locality: "Amboine" Island (or “Amboina”), Indonesia. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
ReproductionViable (though not r 
TypesType: MNHN, according to Bourret 1941:149.
Holotype: holotype ZMH R00277 [kamaroma]. 
CommentIllustration in Elaphe 10 (1): 26 [2002].

Subspecies: The questions of whether or not C. a. kamaroma actually occurs in the Philippines and, if so, what is its island distribution, cannot be answered at this time. Philippine Cuora amboinensis cannot be identified to subspecies by their plastron patterns alone [ERNST et al. 2011].

Type species: Testudo amboinensis DAUDIN 1802 is the type species of the genus Cuora GRAY 1855: 41. 
References
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