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Cuora galbinifrons BOURRET, 1939

IUCN Red List - Cuora galbinifrons - Critically Endangered, CR

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Higher TaxaGeoemydidae or Bataguridae, Testudines (turtles) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Indochinese Box Turtle
G: Hinterindische Scharnierschildkröte, Dreistreifen-Scharnierschildkröte 
SynonymCuora galbinifrons BOURRET 1939
Cyclemys flavomarginata hainanensis LI 1958
Cyclemys hainanensis — HU, DJAO & HUANG 1975
Cuora galbinifrons — WERMUTH & MERTENS 1977: 23
Cistoclemmys hainanensis — KING & BURKE 1989
Cuora galbinifrons serrata IVERSON & MCCORD 1992
Cuora serrata — FRITZ & OBST 1997
Cuora galbinifrons galbinifrons — BECKER 1999
Cistoclemmys galbinifrons galbinifrons — OBST 2003: 17
Cuora galbinifrons — ZIEGLER 2002: 137
Cuora galbinifrons — SANG et al. 2009 
DistributionVietnam (Tonkin, Annam), China (Hainan Island, Guangxi)

hainanensis: China (Hainan Island); Type locality: Dali of Diaulo Shan, Hainan, People's Republic of China. Holotype: FU 200.

Type locality: Tam-Dao (Tonkin), Bach-Na (Annam) and Linh-Can (Ha-Tinh, Annam). Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesLectotype: MNHN (previously NUH T54) 
CommentAllozyme and mitochondrial DNA data, together with morphological support and field information, provide compelling evidence that Cuora serrata is of hybrid origin with Cuora galbinifrons (bourreti) and Cuora (Pyxidea) mouhotii as parental species (PARHAM et al. 2001). C. g. galbinifrons, bourreti, and picturata are also morphologically diagnosable, and thus STUART & PARHAM (2004) recommend
elevating each to full species. Illustration in Elaphe 7 (4): 4 and Draco 13 (4): 93 (2003), of bourreti in Elaphe 8 (4): 72.

The status of C. hainanensis remains unclear. See discussion in Zhao & Adler 1993: 166. It is not mentioned in a recent list by OBST (2003). Cuora (galbinifrons) hainanensis nests within the galbinifrons clade, and therefore STUART & PARHAM (2004) consider it as a synonym of C. galbinifrons, as supported by morphology.

Cuora (galbinifrons) ‘‘serrata ’’is known to be a hybrid of male Cuora mouhotii and female C.galbinifrons, and our findings show that C.‘‘serrata ’’originates from both female galbinifrons and bourreti.

Reproduction: oviparous. 
References
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  • Bour, R. 2005. The type specimens of Cuora galbinifrons Bourret, 1939 Emys 12 (1): 33-36
  • Bourret, R. 1939. Notes herpétologiques sur l'Indochine française. XVIII. Reptiles et batraciens reçus au Laboratoire des Sciences Naturelle de l'Université au cours de l'année 1939. Descriptions de quatre espéces et d'une variété nouvelles. Bulletin Général de l'Instruction Publique. Hanoi. 19 (4, décembre): 5-39.
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  • Fong, J.J. & Qiao, G.X. 2010. New localities of endangered Chinese turtles from museum specimens and the practical and ethical challenges using and reporting natural history collection data. Zootaxa 2393: 59–68 - get paper here
  • Fritz, U. & Obst, F. J. 1997. Zum taxonomischen Status von Cuora galbinifrons serrata Iverson and McCord, 1992 und Pyxidea mouhotii (Gray, 1862) (Reptilia: Testudines: Bataguridae). Zool. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierk. Dresden 49:<br />261–279. - get paper here
  • FRITZ, U., ZIEGLER, T., HERRMANN, H.-W. & E. LEHR 2002. Intergradation between subspecies of Cuora galbinifrons BOURRET, 1939 and Pyxidea mouhotii (GRAY, 1862) in southern North Vietnam (Reptilia: Testudines: Geoemydidae). Faunistische Abhandlungen, Staatliches Museum für Tierkunde, Dresden 23: 59-74
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  • Iverson, J. B. & McCord, W. P. 1992. A new subspecies of Cuora galbinifrons (Testudines: Batagurinae). Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 105: 433–439. - get paper here
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  • Lehr, E., U. FRITZ & F. J. OBST. 1998. Cuora galbinifrons picturata subsp. nov., eine Unterart der Hinterindischen Scharnierschildkröte. Herpetofauna 20 (113): 5-11. - get paper here
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  • Obst, F.J. 2003. Sumpfschildkröten. Draco 4 (13): 4-18 - get paper here
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