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Cuora mouhotii (GRAY, 1862)

IUCN Red List - Cuora mouhotii - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaGeoemydidae or Bataguridae, Testudines (turtles) 
SubspeciesCuora mouhotii obsti FRITZ, ANDREAS & LEHR,1998
Cuora mouhotii mouhotii (GRAY 1862) 
Common NamesE: Keeled Box Turtle
G: Dreikiel-Scharnierschildkröte 
SynonymCyclemys mouhotii GRAY 1862
Pyxidea mouhotii — GRAY 1864: 107
Pyxidea mouboti SMITH & JAMES 1958 (error typographicus)
Cyclemys mouhotii — XIANGKUI 1994
Pyxidea mouhotii — DAS 1996: 38
Cuora serrata IVERSON & MCCORD 1992
Pyxidea mouhotii — ZIEGLER 2002: 147
Pyxidea mouhotii — MCCORD & JOSEPH-OUNI 2003
Cuora mouhotii — STUART & PARHAM 2004
Pyxidea mouhotii — MURTHY 2010: 24 
DistributionChina (Hainan Island), Vietnam, Thailand, Myanmar (= Burma), E India (Assam etc.), Bhutan

Type locality: "Lao Mountains, in Siam," presumably the Luang Prabang mountain range on the border between Thailand and Laos.

obsti: Vietnam; paratype: NMW Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1947.3.4.27, 1947.3.4.48, 1947.3.4.49, 1947.3.4.64, 1947.3.4.65, 1947.3.4.66, and 1947.3.4.67. 
CommentAllozyme and mitochondrial DNA data, together with morphological support and field information, provide compelling evidence that Cuora serrata is of hybrid origin with Cuora galbinifrons and Pyxidea mouhotii as parental species. C. ‘‘serrata’’ originates from both female galbinifrons and bourreti.(PARHAM et al. 2001, STUART & PARHAM 2004).

Reproduction: oviparous. 
References
  • Becker, H. 2012. Bemerkungen zum Erreichen der Geschlechtsreife einer weiblichen Indischen Dornschildkröte Pyxidea mouhotii mouhotii (Gray, 1862). Testudo (SIGS) 21(4): 18-24
  • Bernhardt, K. 1995. Pyxidea mouhotii (Gray 1862). J. AG Schildkr. Panzerechsen 2/95: 7-18
  • Blanck, T. 2013. Zu Besuch bei Cuora galbinifrons auf Hainan, China. Reptilia (Münster) 18 (99): 100-109 - get paper here
  • chao, Wang Ji; Gong Shi-ping, Shi Hai-tao, Liu Yu-xiang, and Zhao Er-mi 2011. Reproduction and Nesting of the Endangered Keeled Box Turtle (Cuora mouhotii) on Hainan Island, China Chelonian Conservation and Biology Dec 2011, Vol. 10, No. 2: 159-164. - get paper here
  • Das, Abhijit; Uttam Saikia, B. H. C. K. Murthy, Santanu Dey and Sushil K. Dutta 2009. A herpetofaunal inventory of Barail Wildlife Sanctuary and adjacent regions, Assam, north-eastern India. Hamadryad 34 (1): 117 – 134
  • Das, I. 2008. Tortoises and Freshwater Turtles of India. WWF/WII poster
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • Fong, J.J. & Qiao, G.X. 2010. New localities of endangered Chinese turtles from museum specimens and the practical and ethical challenges using and reporting natural history collection data. Zootaxa 2393: 59–68 - get paper here
  • Fritz, U. & Obst, F. J. 1997. Zum taxonomischen Status von Cuora galbinifrons serrata Iverson and McCord, 1992 und Pyxidea mouhotii (Gray, 1862) (Reptilia: Testudines: Bataguridae). Zool. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierk. Dresden 49:<br />261–279. - get paper here
  • Fritz, U., B. ANDREAS & E. LEHR. 1998. Eine neue Unterart der Dreikiel-Scharnierschildkröte, Pyxidea mouhotti (Gray, 1862) (Reptilia: Testudines: Bataguridae). Zool. Abh. Mus. Tierkd. Dresden. 50 (3): 33-43. - get paper here
  • FRITZ, U., ZIEGLER, T., HERRMANN, H.-W. & E. LEHR 2002. Intergradation between subspecies of Cuora galbinifrons BOURRET, 1939 and Pyxidea mouhotii (GRAY, 1862) in southern North Vietnam (Reptilia: Testudines: Geoemydidae). Faunistische Abhandlungen, Staatliches Museum für Tierkunde, Dresden 23: 59-74
  • Gray, J.E. 1862. Notice of a new species of Cyclemys from the Lao Mountains, in Siam. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (3) 10: 157 - get paper here
  • Gray,J.E. 1864. Observations on the box tortoises, with the description of three new asiatic species. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 13: 105-111 - get paper here
  • Kowalski, T., W. Grossmann, H.-J. ZILGER & B.-M. ZWANZIG 2011. Herpetologische Beobachtungen im Sultanat Oman: Das Saiq - Plateau im Jebel al - Akhdar Sauria 33 (1): 29-50 - get paper here
  • Kunz, K. 2003. Schützen wir Hybriden? Reptilia (Münster) 8 (42): 8 - get paper here
  • Ly, Tri; Huy Duc Hoang, and Bryan L. Stuart 2013. Occurrence of the Endangered Keeled Box Turtle, Cuora mouhotii, in Southern Vietnam Chelonian Conservation and Biology Jul 2013, Vol. 12, No. 1: 184-187. - get paper here
  • McCord, W.P. & Joseph-Ouni, M. 2003. Chelonian Illustrations #10. Monotypic genera of the family Geoemydidae. Reptilia (GB) (30): 34-38 - get paper here
  • McDowell, S.B. 1964. Partition of the Genus Clemmys and related problems in the taxonomy of the aquatic Testudinidae. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 143 (2): 239-279.
  • Murthy, T.S.N. 2010. The reptile fauna of India. B.R. Publishing, New Delhi, 332 pp.
  • Parham, James Ford ; W. Brian Simison; Kenneth H. Kozak; Chris R. Feldman and Haitao Shi 2001. New Chinese turtles: endangered or invalid? A reassessment of two species using mitochondrial DNA, allozyme electrophoresis and known-locality specimens. Animal Conservation 4: 357–367 [erratum in Animal Conservation 5:86]
  • Purkayastha, Jayaditya; Ahmed Mahmadul Hassan, Hasanul Islam, Jessica Das, Manoj Sarma, Mituseela Ba 2013. Turtles of the Temple Pond of Kamakhya, Assam, India Reptile Rap (15): 11-15 - get paper here
  • Sang, Nguyen Van; Ho Thu Cuc, Nguyen, Quang Truong 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • Schilde, M. 2004. Asiatische Sumpfschildkröten - Die Familie Geoemydidae in Südostasien, China und Japan. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 192 pp. - get paper here
  • Singh, Rajkumar Robindro and<br />Khuraijam Jibankumar Singh 2012. Box turtles in and adjacent to Loktak Lake, Manipur – India. Taprobanica 4 (2): 103-104 - get paper here
  • Spinks, Phillip Q.; Shaffer, H. Bradley 2007. Conservation phylogenetics of the Asian box turtles (Geoemydidae, Cuora): mitochondrial introgression, numts, and inferences from multiple nuclear loci. Conservation Genetics 8(3):641-657
  • Stuart, B.L. and James Ford Parham 2004. Molecular phylogeny of the critically endangered Indochinese box turtle (Cuora galbinifrons). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 31 (1): 164-177 - get paper here
  • Taylor, E.H. 1970. Turtles and crocodilians of Thailand and adjacent waters, with a synoptic herpetological bibliography. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 49: 87-179. - get paper here
  • Wangyal, Jigme Tshelthrim; Dorji Wangchuk, and Indraneil Das 2012. First Report of Turtles from the Himalayan Kingdom of Bhutan Chelonian Conservation and Biology Dec 2012, Vol. 11, No. 2: 268-272. - get paper here
  • Xiangkui-Y 1994. Fossil and recent turtles of China. Science Press, Beijing. 1994: i-vi, 1-112
  • Zhang, L.; Nie, L.; Cao, C.; Zhan, Y. 2008. The complete mitochondrial genome of the Keeled box turtle Pyxidea mouhotii and phylogenetic analysis of major turtle groups. Journal of Genetics and Genomics 35(1):33-40
  • Ziegler, T. 2002. Die Amphibien und Reptilien eines Tieflandfeuchtwald-Schutzgebietes in Vietnam. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 342 pp. - get paper here
  • Ziegler, T. 2012. Erforschung und Erhalt der Artenvielfalt: Neue Wege des Kölner Zoos in Südostasien. Zeitschrift des Kölner Zoos 55 (3): 111-
 
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