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Cyclodomorphus casuarinae (DUMÉRIL & BIBRON, 1839)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Egerniinae (Tiliquini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: She-oak Slender Bluetongue, She-oak Skink
G: She-oak Skink 
SynonymCyclodus casuarinae DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 749
Cyclodus (Homolepida) nigricans PETERS 1874: 621
Hemispheriodon tasmanicum FROST & LUCAS 1894: 227
Hemisphaeriodon tasmanicum — FROST & LUCAS 1896: 282
Lygosoma (Homolepida) petersi STERNFELD 1919 (nom. nov. pro mülleri)
Lygosoma (Homolepida) petersi — STERNFELD 1925: 248
Tiliqua casuarinae — SMITH 1937: 233
Tiliqua casuarinae — COGGER 1983: 189
Cyclodomorphus casuarinae — SHEA 1995
Cyclodomorphus casuarinae — COGGER 2000: 452
Cyclodomorphus casuarinae — WILSON & SWAN 2010 
DistributionAustralia (Tasmania)

Type locality: Bruny Is., Tasmania (original description cites Australia).  
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 7131, designation by Guibé, 1954, by inference of holotype (see Shea, 1995).
Holotype: ZMB 8193, from Australia [Cyclodus (Homolepida) nigricans]
Holotype: unknown, from Lake St. Clair, Tasmania [Hemispheriodon tasmanicum] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A moderately large Cyclodomorphus (maximum SVL 174 mm), differing from all other species in the genus in the combination of prefrontals usually contacting, postnarial groove absent, postmental usually contacting two infralabials on each side, subcaudal scales 68-84, and dorsal colour pattern often present and
complex in adults (dark edges to scales and dark streaks basally and centrally on scales). (Shea 1995) 
CommentSynonymy: Lygosoma (Homolepids) petersi STERNFELD 1919 is a nomen novum pro Lygosoma mulleri PETERS 1878 but its redescription is based on specimens of Tiliqua branchialis from Hermannsburg Mission, Upper Finke River, N. T. (fide COGGER 1983).

Synonymy: KAISER et al. 2013 rejected all names coined by WELLS in or after 2000. However, Zeusius sternfeldi WELLS 2007 is not a synonym of Cyclodomorphus casuarinae, as pointed out by KAISER et al. but of Cyclodomorphus venustus (Glenn Shea, pers. comm. 3 Apr 2013).

Distribution: Found in the Southern Highlands of NSW by Sean Krueger (pers. comm.; 7 Feb 2010). Listed by COGGER (2000) only for Tasmania.

Type species: Cyclodus casuarinae DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 749 is the type species of the genus Cyclodomorphus FITZINGER 1843.

Distribution: not in NSW (fide Swan et al. 2017, Field Guide NSW); due to taxonomic revision now restricted to Tasmania. 
EtymologyNamed after the ship Casuarina, the third of the ships of the Baudin Expedition of 1801-04, on which expedition the type was collected. (G. Shea, pers. comm., 9 Feb 2024) 
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Couper, P., Covacevich, J., Amey, A. & Baker, A. 2006. The genera of skinks (Family Scincidae) of Australia and its island territories: diversity, distribution and identification. in: Merrick, J.R., Archer, M., Hickey, G.M. & Lee, M.S.Y. (eds.). Evolution and Zoogeography of Australasian Vertebrates. Australian Scientific Publishing, Sydney, pp. 367-384
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol. 5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • Frost, C. & Lucas, A. H. S. 1894. A new skink lizard from Tasmania. Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales (2) 8: 227-228 - get paper here
  • Gomard, Guillaume 2015. Tigerottern: eine Einladung zum Kennenlernen der Reptilien Tasmaniens. Terraria-Elaphe 2015 (4): 44-51 - get paper here
  • Kaiser, H.; Crother, B.I.; Kelly, C.M.R.; Luiselli, L.; O’Shea, M.; Ota, H.; Passos, P.; Schleip, W.D. & Wüster, W. 2013. Best Practices: In the 21st Century, Taxonomic Decisions in Herpetology are Acceptable Only When Supported by a Body of Evidence and Published via Peer-Review. Herpetological Review 44 (1): 8-23
  • Lucas, A. H. S. & Frost, C. 1896. Description of a new species of Ablepharus from Victoria, with critical notes on two other Australian lizards. Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales 21: 281-283 - get paper here
  • Mebs, D. 1974. Haltungserfahrungen mit Tiliqua casuarinae (Sauria, Scincidae). Salamandra 10 (3-4): 104-106 - get paper here
  • Mitchell, F. J. 1950. The scincid genera Egernia and Tiliqua (Lacertilia). Rec. South Austral. Mus. 9: 275-308 - get paper here
  • Murphy, Michael J. 1994. Reptiles and amphibians of Seven Mile Beach National park, NSW. Herpetofauna (Sydney) 24 (2): 24-30
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1874. Über neue Amphibien (Gymnopis, Siphonops, Polypedates, Rhacophorus, Hyla, Cyclodus, Euprepes, Clemmys). Monatsber. königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin. 1874 (October): 616-624 - get paper here
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1878. Über zwei Scincoiden aus Australien und eine neue Amphisbaena von Westafrika. Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin. 1878 (November): 191-192 - get paper here
  • Rankin, P. R. 1973. Lizard mimicking a snake - juvenile Tiliqua casuarinae. Herpetofauna (Sydney) 5: 13-14
  • Shea G M. 1995. A taxonomic revision of the Cyclodomorphus casuarinae complex (Squamata: Scincidae). Rec. Austral. Mus. 47 (1): 83-115. - get paper here
  • Shea, G. M. 1982. Observations on some membera of the genus Tiliqua. Herpetofauna (Sydney) 13 (4):18-20
  • Smith, M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
  • Sternfeld, R. 1919. Neue Schlangen und Echsen aus Zentralaustralien. Senckenbergiana 1: 76-83 - get paper here
  • Sternfeld, R. 1925. Beiträge zur Herpetologie Inner-Australiens. Abhandlungen Herausgegeben von der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft, 38: 221—251
  • Timms, B. V. 1977. Notes on the she-oak skink. Hunter Nat. Hist. May 1977: 99-102
  • Wells, R. W. 2007. Some taxonomic and nomenclatural considerations on the class Reptilia in Australia. The genus Cyclodomorphus Fitzinger, 1843 with a new interpretation of the Cyclodomorphus branchialis species-group. Australian Biodiversity Record (4):1–23. - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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