Cyclotyphlops deharvengi IN DEN BOSCH & INEICH, 1994
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Cyclotyphlops deharvengi?
|Higher Taxa||Typhlopidae (Asiatyphlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)|
|Common Names||E: Deharveng’s Blind Snake|
|Synonym||Cyclotyphlops deharvengi IN DEN BOSCH & INEICH 1994|
Cyclotyphlops deharvengi — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 55
Cyclotyphlops deharvengi — KOCH 2011
Cyclotyphlops deharvengi — HEDGES et al. 2014
Cyclotyphlops deharvengi — WALLACH et al. 2014: 203
Type locality: Malawa, between Maros and Watampone, South Sulawesi, Indonesia
|Types||Holotype: MNHN-RA 1990.4279|
|Diagnosis||Diagnosis. The single species of Cyclotyphlops has (1) eye, distinct, (2) snout, rounded, (3) head scale arrangement, circular, (4) frontorostral, absent, (5) nasal, completely divided, (6) nasal suture origin, junction of 1st and 2nd supralabial, (7) suboculars or subpreoculars, present, (8) postoculars, 1, (9) preocular-labial contact, absent, (10) midbody scale rows, 22, (11) scale row reduction, present, (12) total scale rows, 294, (13) caudals, unreported, (14) maximum total length, 146 mm, (15) total length/midbody diameter, 35.1, (16) total length/tail length, 32.3, (17) dorsal color, dark brown, (18) ventral color, brown, (19) dorsum darker than venter, (20) overall, patternless (Tables 1–2); no molecular phylogenetic information is available.|
Cyclotyphlops differs from all other genera in the Asiatyphlopinae in having a circular arrangement of head scales (in den Bosch & Ineich 1994). [HEDGES et al. 2014: 36] For an alternative diagnosis see PYRON & WALLACH 2014: 58.
|Comment||The pileus constellation of Cyclotyphlops deharvengi is unique among reptiles. The large central circular head shield - around which smaller scales radiate - might cover what could be a parietal eye, which has never been found in snakes before.|
Type species: Cyclotyphlops deharvengi IN DEN BOSCH & INEICH 1994 is the type species of the genus Cyclotyphlops IN DEN BOSCH & INEICH 1994.
|Etymology||The generic name is a masculine noun formed from the Greek nouns kyklos (circle) and typhlops (the blind), in reference to the circular arrangement of head scales in this species.|