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Cylindrophis burmanus SMITH, 1943

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Higher TaxaCylindrophiidae, Henophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Burmese Pipe-Snake
G: Burma-Walzenschlange 
SynonymCylindrophis rufus burmanus SMITH 1943: 97
Cylindrophis burmanus — AMARASINGHE et al. 2015 
DistributionMyanmar (= Burma)

Type locality: Rangoon, Burma (= Myanmar)  
Reproductionviviparous (manual imputation, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesLectotype: BMNH 1940.3.3.1, designated by Amarasinghe et al. 2015. Paralectotypes (6): BMNH 1940.3.3.2, (SVL 212 mm), collected from Rangoon, Burma by an unknown collector, presented by F.J. Meggitt; BMNH 1908.6.23.3, (SVL 293 mm), Burma, collector and date unknown, presented by Major F. Wall; BMNH 1891.11.26.28, (SVL 280 mm), Pyinmana, Upper Burma, collector and date unknown, presented by E.W. Oates; BMNH 1925.4.2.2, (SVL 280 mm), Thandoung, Burma, collector and date unknown, presented by F. Wall; BMNH 1925.12.22.4, (SVL 256 mm), Sahmaw, Myitkyina District, Burma, collector and date unknown, presented by F. Wall; and probably ZMB 3094 (fide Iskandar and Colijn 2002; indicated no justification). All these paralectotypes share the same characters as the lectotype and belong to the same species. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Cylindrophis burmanus is distinguished from all congeners by having the following characters: 19 midbody scale rows (vs. 17 in C. engkariensis; 23 in C. aruensis, C. opisthorhodus; 21 in C. isolepis, C. lineatus, C. maculatus, and C. yamdena), 201–225 ventrals (vs. 233–275 in C. melanotus; 193–200 in C. boulengeri; 186–197 in C. ruffus), narrow and alternating bands on paler body (vs. dorsum uniform black with no crossbands in C. boulengeri; wide, constant, dorsally interrupted bands encircling the dark body in C. ruffus), a complete and narrow ring encircling the nape (vs. no ring on the nape in C. boulengeri; a wide, dorsally interrupted band encircling the nape in C. ruffus). [Amarasinghe et al. 2015: 38]. 
CommentSynonymy: Listed as synonym of Cylindrophis ruffus by WALLACH et al. 2014. 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Amarasinghe AAT, Campbell PD, Hallermann J, Sidik I, Supriatna J, Ineich I. 2015. Two new species of the genus Cylindrophis Wagler, 1828 (Squamata: Cylindrophiidae) from Southeast Asia. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 9 (1): 34–51
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
  • Zug, G.R. & Mulcahy, D.G. 2019. Identification guide Amphibians and reptiles of South Tanintharyi. Fauna & Flora International, 101 pp.
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