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Cylindrophis osheai KIECKBUSCH, MADER, KAISER & MECKE, 2018

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Higher TaxaCylindrophiidae, Henophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: O’Shea’s pipe snake, Boano pipesnake
Indonesian: Ular Pipa O’Shea, Ular Pipa Boano
G: O’Shea-Walzenschlange, Boano-Walzenschlange 
SynonymCylindrophis osheai KIECKBUSCH, MADER, KAISER & MECKE 2018 
DistributionIndonesia (Boano, an island off the NW coast of Seram)

Type locality: Boano Island, Central Maluku Regency, northern Maluku Province, Indonesia.  
Reproductionviviparous (manual imputation, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: RMNH 5460 (formerly RMNH 5460.70) (Figs. 1A, 2, 3A, 4, 5A), an adult female, collected in 1865 by natural history collector Dirk Samuel Hoedt (1815–1893). Paratype. RMNH 47930 (formerly RMNH 5460.69) (Fig. 1B), a subadult male with collection data as for holotype. 
CommentTypes: The original entry in the collection catalogue of the herpetological collection at RMNH lists both specimens (under the registration number 5460) as “Cylindrophis rufus” and indicates that they were later identified as “Cylindrophis melanotus var.” by Dutch zoologist Leo Daniël Brongersma (1907–1994).

Known from only 3 specimens. 
EtymologyNamed after Mark O’Shea, British herpetologist 
  • KIECKBUSCH, MAX; FELIX MADER, HINRICH KAISER & SVEN MECKE 2018. A new species of Cylindrophis Wagler, 1828 (Reptilia: Squamata: Cylindrophiidae) from Boano Island, northern Maluku Province, Indonesia. Zootaxa 4486 (3): 236–250 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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