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Cyrtodactylus aequalis BAUER, 2003

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymCyrtodactylus aequalis BAUER 2003
Cyrtodactylus aequalis — GRISMER et al. 2017 
DistributionS Myanmar (Burma: Kyaik-Hti-Yo Wildlife Sanctuary in Mon State)

Type locality: Kyaik-Hti-Yo Wildlife Sanctuary, Kyaik Hto Township, Mon State, Myanmar (17°26’38.1’’N, 97°05’56.8’’’E)  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: CAS 222185 
CommentDEFINITION. A moderately sized Cyrtodactylus, snout-vent length of unique holotype 90 mm; body slender, limbs robust, digits long; one pair of enlarged postmental scales in broad contact with one another behind mental; dorsum with 24 longitudinal rows of relatively large, strongly keeled tubercles; 24 enlarged ventral scales between distinct ventrolateral folds; no precloacal groove, 9 minute precloacal pores in female type, 3–4 minute femoral pores separated from precloacal pores by a diastema. Fourteen subdigital lamellae beneath 4th toe of pes distal to basal digital inflection, eight broad lamellae proximal to inflection. Subcaudal scales forming transverse plates approximately 2/3 width of tail. Dorsal pattern of paired dark markings bordered by thin white lines (one on occiput, one across shoulders, five between limb insertions). Top of head with white vermiform marks on parietal table and frontonasal region. Tail with alternating light and dark bands.

The description of Cyrtodactylus aequalis was based on a single specimen that was purported to be an adult male in the ‘Holotype’ section of the description but in the ‘Description’ section it is referred to as an adult female (Bauer, 2003). Bauer (2003) noted that the femoral and precloacal pores were ‘minute’ which is characteristic of most females of Cyrtodactylus, whereas the 13 femoral and five precloacal pores in the adult male examined here (LSUHC 12895) are large and well-developed (Fig. 4A).

Abundance: only known from the type specimen (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyNamed after the Latin aequalis meaning “same,” in reference to the fact that the number of dorsal tubercle rows equals the number of ventral scale rows across midbody between the ventrolateral folds. This condition is unique among species of Cyrtodactylus. 
References
  • Bauer, A.M. 2003. Descriptions of seven new Cyrtodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) with a key to the species of Myanmar (Burma). Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 54: 463-498 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. Lee; Perry L. Wood Jr., Myint Kyaw Thura, Evan S.H. Quah, Matthew L. Murdoch, Marta S. Grismer, Mark W. Herr, Aung Lin & Htet Kyaw 2018. Three more new species of Cyrtodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from the Salween Basin of eastern Myanmar underscore the urgent need for the conservation of karst habitats. Journal of Natural History, 52:19-20, 1243-1294 - get paper here
  • GRISMER, L. LEE; PERRY L. WOOD, JR., MYINT KYAW THURA, THAW ZIN, EVAN S. H. QUAH, MATTHEW L. MURDOCH, MARTA S. GRISMER, AUNG LIN, HTET KYAW and NGWE LWIN 2017. Twelve new species of Cyrtodactylus Gray (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from isolated limestone habitats in east- central and southern Myanmar demonstrate high localized diversity and unprecedented microendemism Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 182: 862-959
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. & Glaw, F. 2008. A new species of Cyrtodactylus Gray, 1827 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Malaysia including a literature survey of mensural and meristic data in the genus. Zootaxa 1729: 8–22 - get paper here
  • Sumontha, M., Panitvong, N. & Deein, G. 2010. Cyrtodactylus auribalteatus (Squamata: Gekkonidae), a new cave- dwelling gecko from Phitsanulok Province, Thailand. Zootaxa 2370: 53–64 - get paper here
  • TRI, NGO VAN 2013. Cyrtodactylus dati, a new forest dwelling Bent-toed Gecko (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from southern Vietnam. Zootaxa 3616 (2): 151–164 - get paper here
  • Youmans, Timothy M. & L. Lee Grismer 2006. A new species of Cyrtodactylus (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae) from the Seribuat Archipelago, West Malaysia. Herpetological Natural History 10 (1): 61-70
 
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